|Name meaning||El Mezeirảh, The sown lands|
|Date of depopulation||12 July 1948|
|Cause(s) of depopulation||Military assault by Yishuv forces|
|Current localities||Mazor Nechalim El'ad|
Al-Muzayri'a was located 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) north-northeast of al-Ramla, on limestone hill, overlooking the coastal plain. A wadi ran along its southern part, and separated it from the village of Qula. The village was about 1 km east of the al-Ramla-Haifa railway line. It was also located to the east of the al-Ramla-Jaffa highway.
The location has a long history of habitation. A Roman mausoleum, still standing, (about 1 km south of the village site) was converted into a mosque dedicated to a prophet, al-Nabi Yahya ("the Prophet John").[when?] About 1 km northeast of the village was Khirbat Zikhrin, a Roman-Byzantine site that was inhabited during Mamluk and Ottoman periods. The place has been excavated since 1982.
In 1596, Al-Muzayri'a was part of the Ottoman Empire, nahiya (subdistrict) of Jabel Qubal under the liwa' (district) of Nablus with a population of thirty-nine. It paid taxes on a number of crops, including wheat, barley, and olives, as well as goats, and beehives.
The village was possibly abandoned during the 17th century, only to be reoccupied in the 18th century by a family from Dayr Ghassana, named al-Rumayh. A. Mansell mentioned passing the village in the early 1860s.
The French explorer Victor Guérin passed by in 1870, and described the village as sitting on a stony hill, he noted that its houses appeared small. An Ottoman village list of about the same year showed that “Mezari” had 68 houses and a population of 234, though the population count included only men. It also noted “a very old temple”.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Muzaira'a had a population of 578, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 780, still all Muslims, in a total of 186 houses.
In 1919, a school for boys was founded in the village. By 1945, it had become a full-fledged elementary school, with 207 students, including children of the neighboring villages. 35 dunums of land was attached to the school. A school for girls was founded in 1945, and had an initial enrollment of 78 students.
In 1944/45, the village had a population of 1,160, all Muslim, and the total land area was 10,822 dunams. A total of 953 dunums of village land was used for citrus and bananas, 5,895 dunums were used for cereals, 35 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards, while 25 dunams were classified as built-up urban areas.
1948 and aftermath
The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi, described the place in 1992: "The site is largely forested. While a few houses remain, most have been reduced to rubble. Cacti and stone terraces are visible on the site."
- List of Arab towns and villages depopulated during the 1948 Palestinian exodus
- Palestinian cultural club
- Mazor Mausoleum
- Palmer, 1881, p. 239
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 67
- Department of Statistics, p. 30
- Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village 210
- Morris, 2004, p xxii, settlement # 98
- Khalidi, 1992, p. 399
- Jakoel, 2017, Elʽad
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 136. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 399
- Mansell, 1863, p.39. Cited in Khalidi, 1992, p.399
- Guérin, 1875, p. 390
- Socin, 1879, p. 157
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 138, noted 67 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 297
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 22
- Mills, 1932, p. 22.
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166
- "Map of UN Partition Plan". United Nations. Archived from the original on 7 August 2009. Retrieved 2009-08-06.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Mazor Mausoleum.|
- ‘Ad, Uzi (2008-10-05). "El‘ad (Mazor) Final Report" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Dagan, Yehuda (2006-08-02). "Mazor (East) Final Report" (118). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hillel, Gili (2008-12-04). "Mazor (El‘ad) Final Report" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Hartmann, M. (1883). "Die Ortschaftenliste des Liwa Jerusalem in dem türkischen Staatskalender für Syrien auf das Jahr 1288 der Flucht (1871)". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 6: 102–149.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Jakoel, Eriola (2017-05-09). "Elʽad" (129). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Kanias, Tzach (2008-04-02). "Mazor, East Final Report" (120). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
- Mansell, A. L. (1863): "A Surveying Trip through the Holy Land." The Nautical Magazine and Naval Chronicle. January Issue:36-40. Cited in Khalidi, 1992.
- Milevski, Ianir (2007-08-16). "Mazor Final Report" (119). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel. (“c. 180 m west of the mausoleum and east of the hill where a Muslim cemetery is located”)
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Morris, Benny (2004). The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem Revisited. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-00967-6.
- Nagorsky, Alla (2006-08-02). "Mazor Final Report" (118). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Taxel, Itamar (2006-11-15). "Mazor Final Report" (118). Hadashot Arkheologiyot – Excavations and Surveys in Israel.