Al-Nabi Yusha'

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Al-Nabi Yusha'
Nebiyusha.jpg
Nebi Yusha shrine in 2009
Al-Nabi Yusha' is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Nabi Yusha'
Al-Nabi Yusha'
Arabic النبي يوشع
Name meaning "the prophet Joshua"[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°06′46.18″N 35°33′21.94″E / 33.1128278°N 35.5560944°E / 33.1128278; 35.5560944Coordinates: 33°06′46.18″N 35°33′21.94″E / 33.1128278°N 35.5560944°E / 33.1128278; 35.5560944
Palestine grid 202/279
Population 70[2] (1945)
Area 3,617 dunams
Date of depopulation May 16, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ramot Naftali

Al-Nabi Yusha' (Arabic: النبي يوشع‎ was a small Palestinian village in the Galilee situated 17 kilometers to the northeast of Safad, with an elevation of 375 meters above sea level. It became part of the Palestine Mandate under British control from 1923 until 1948, when it was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War. The village is surrounded by forest land overlooking the Hula Valley.

History[edit]

During the late eighteenth century, a family known as al-Ghul built the shrine for Nabi Yusha’ ("Prophet Joshua"), which included a mosque and a building for visitors, as an act of devotion. This family, also called the "servants of the shrine," numbered about fifty and were the first to settle the site. They cultivated the surrounding land, and the place subsequently evolved into a village.[4] Victor Guérin visited the area in 1863, and noted that the people living at Al-Nabi Yusha' were Shia ("Metawali")[5]

The population of the village was Shi'a Muslim.[6] At the end of World War I it was under French control, and the 1920 boundary agreement between Britain and French placed it in Lebanon.[6] At the time of the census conducted by the French in 1921, the villagers were granted Lebanese citizenship.[7] However the Boundary Commission established by the 1920 agreement shifted the border, leaving the village in Palestine.[6] Transfer of control to the British authorities was not complete until 1924.[8]

During the Mandate period, the British built a police station in the village.[4] The people of al-Nabi Yusha’, all of whom were Shia Muslims, held an annual mawsim (pilgrimage) and festival on the fifteenth of the month Sha'aban (the eighth month of the Islamic calendar). The mawsim was similar to that of the Nabi Rubin festival in southern coast of Palestine.[4]

The village was home to 52 residents in 1931 (12 households), growing to 70 in 1945, and 81 (18 households) by 1948 when it was depopulated. The village occupied an area of 3,617 dunams, all private except for a dunam of public property.[2] In 1944–45 the village had 640 dunams of land used for cereals.[4][9]

Nebi Yusha police fortress, 1948

1948 war, and aftermath[edit]

Al-Nabi Yusha' was depopulated on May 16, in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War during Operation Yiftach led by Israeli army officer Yigal Allon who later became a key Israeli figure. Most of its residents ended up in refugee camps in Lebanon and Syria. In 1998, the descendants of al-Nabi Yusha' refugees were estimated at 499.

The Israeli moshav Ramot Naftali was established in 1945 south of the village, and since 1948 includes Al-Nabi Yusha' land. It is located close to the border between Al-Nabi Yusha' and the lands of Mallaha.[4][10]

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the village remains in 1992 as: "The site has been fenced in with barbed wire and is buried under rubble, making access difficult. However, some evidence of the village remains: fragments of houses, tombs in the village's cemetery, and the shrine of al-Nabi Yusha'. The two domes and arched entrance of the main part of the shrine are still intact, but the thick stone walls of the rooms attached to it are broken and the entire complex of buildings is neglected; weeds sprouts from the roof. The village site is surrounded by fig trees and cactuses,. The flat lands around the site are planted by Israeli farmers with apple trees, while the sloping parts are wooded or used as pasture."[11]

The shrine was surveyed by the British School of Archaeology in 1994, who described it as rectangular structure formed around a courtyard, aligned north-south, which was entered through a gateway on the north end. The principal rooms were at the south end of the courtyard, with two major domed chambers, of which the west chamber was found to be the oldest in the whole shrine complex.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p.92
  2. ^ a b Hadawi, 1970, p.70
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvi, village #26. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b c d e Khalidi, 1992, p. 481
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 362
  6. ^ a b c Asher Kaufman (2006). "Between Palestine and Lebanon: Seven Sahi'i villages as a case study of boundaries, identities and conflict". Middle East Journal 60. pp. 685–706. 
  7. ^ Khalid Sindawi (2008). "Are there any Shi'ite Muslims in Israel?". Holy Land Studies 2. pp. 183–199. 
  8. ^ Gideon Biger (2004). The boundaries of modern Palestine, 1840-1947. Routledge. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-7146-5654-0. 
  9. ^ Hadawi, 1970, p. 120
  10. ^ Morris, 2004, p. 361-2
  11. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 481-2
  12. ^ Petersen, 2002, p. 236-8

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]