Al-Nuqayb

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Al-Nuqayb
Al-Nuqayb.png
Villagers of Al-Nuqayb, 1939
Subdistrict Tiberias
Palestine grid 210/245
Population 310[1][2] (1945)
Area 976 dunams
Date of depopulation May 14, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Ein Gev[4]

Al-Nuqayb was a Palestinian Arab village in the Tiberias Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1948 Arab-Israeli War on May 15, 1948. It was located 10 km east across the lake from Tiberias. bordering the Wadi al-Muzaffar and Wadi Samakh. al-Nuqayb was named after the Bedouin tribe of 'Arab al-Nuqayb.

Location[edit]

The village was located on the eastern shore of Lake Tiberias, with the fortress Qal'at al-Hisn located just to the east.[4]

History[edit]

In the 1880s most of the village land was purchased by the Bahá'u'lláh, while the villagers continued to farm as tenant farmers.[4]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1920s, the land the Bahá'u'lláh had purchased was sold to the JNF.[4] At the time of the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Nuqhaib had a population of 103 Muslims,[5] increasing in the 1931 census to 287 Muslims, in 60 houses.[6]

The Kibbutz of Ein Gev was established in 1937, 1,5 km south of the village site.[4]

In 1944/1945, the village had a population of 320 Muslims,[1] with a total of 967 dunams of land.[2] Of this, 131 dunams were irrigated or used for plantations, 797 were used for cereals,[7] while 30 dunams were classified as built-up (urban) land.[8]

1948, aftermath[edit]

After the 1948 Palestine war, according to the armistice agreements of 1949 Between Israel and Syria, it was determined that a string of villages, including Nuqeib, Al-Hamma, Al-Samra in the Tiberias Subdistrict and Kirad al-Baqqara and Kirad al-Ghannama further north in the Safad Subdistrict, would be included the demilitarized zone (DMZ) between Israel and Syria. The villagers and their property were formally protected by Article V of the Israeli-Syrian agreement of 20 July that year.[9][10][11] However, Israel thought the villagers could pose a security threat, and Israeli settlers and settlement agencies coveted the land. Israel therefore wanted the Palestinian inhabitants, a total of 2,200 villagers, moved to Syria.[9] Most of the villagers were eventually moved to Syria, while some were "transferred" to Sha'ab.[4]

In 1992 the village site was described: "The site is fenced in and covered with thorny grass and various kinds of trees, such as Christ's-thorn trees. Piles of stones and the remains of walls can be seen. Part of the surrounding land is cultivated by the nearby settlement, and the remainder is used as a grazing area by Israelis."[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 12
  2. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 72
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #370. Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Khalidi, 1992, p. 536
  5. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, p. 39
  6. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 84
  7. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 122
  8. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 172
  9. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. 512
  10. ^ UN Doc S/1353 Syria Israel Armistice Agreement of 20 July 1949
  11. ^ Map

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]