Al-Qubab

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Al-Qubab
Al Qubab aerial view 1948.png
Al-Qabab, aerial view 1948
Al-Qubab is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Qubab
Al-Qubab
Arabic القباب
Name meaning The domes[1]
Also spelled Qubab
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°52′00″N 34°57′15″E / 31.86667°N 34.95417°E / 31.86667; 34.95417Coordinates: 31°52′00″N 34°57′15″E / 31.86667°N 34.95417°E / 31.86667; 34.95417
Palestine grid 145/141
Population 1,980[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation July 15, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Gezer,[5] Kefar Bin-Nun,[5][6] Mishmar Ayyalon[5]

Al-Qubab (Arabic: القباب‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated in July 1948 during the Operation Dani led by the Yiftach Brigade.

History[edit]

Remains, possibly dating from the Roman era have been found here.[7]

Mamluk era[edit]

During the late Mamluk era, Mujir al-Din wrote that al-Qubab was a village within the administrative jurisdiction of al-Ramla in 1483.[8] Mujir al-Din further noted that In 898 A. H., or 1492 C.E. the fellahin rebelled against the governor of Jerusalem. They were then caught between the governors of Gaza and Jerusalem, about in whose jurisdiction Al-Qubab was.[7]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1838, it was noted as a Muslim village, Beit Kubab, in the Ibn Humar area in the District of Er-Ramleh.[9]

Edward Robinson passed by the village in 1852 and described it as being of considerable size.[10]

In 1863, Victor Guérin found it to have at least five hundred inhabitants,[11] while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that Al-Qubab had a population of 381, in 114 houses, though the population count included men, only.[12][13]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a small adobe village on rising ground, by the main road. It is surrounded with prickly-pear hedges and olives. The ground is rocky. The water-supply is from the fine spring of 'Ain Yerdeh. This spring is 1 1/4 miles from the village, yet is the only source whence water is obtained."[14]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qubab had a population of 1,275 inhabitants, all Muslims,[15] increasing in the 1931 census to 1502 inhabitants, all Muslim, in 382 houses.[16]

It had a population of 1,980 Muslims in 1945,[2] while the total land area was 13,918 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, a total of 12,295 dunums were allocated to cereals, 238 dunums were irrigated or used for plantations,[17] while 54 dunams were classified as built-up urban areas.[18]

1948, aftermath[edit]

On September 13, 1948, al-Qubab was mostly destroyed, although the school (founded in 1921) and few houses remain standing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 313
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #240. Also gives cause of depopulation
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 407
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #84
  7. ^ a b Clermont-Ganneau, 1896, vol 2, pp. 83-85
  8. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 406
  9. ^ Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 120
  10. ^ Robinson, 1856, pp. 143-144
  11. ^ Guérin, 1868, pp. 56-57, 314
  12. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 154
  13. ^ Hartmann, 1883, p. 140, also noted 114 houses
  14. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 15
  15. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  16. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 22
  17. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116.
  18. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]