Al-Qubab

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Al-Qubab
Al Qubab aerial view 1948.png
Al-Qabab, aerial view 1948
Al-Qubab is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Qubab
Al-Qubab
Arabic القباب
Name meaning The domes[1]
Also spelled Qubab
Subdistrict Ramle
Coordinates 31°52′00″N 34°57′15″E / 31.86667°N 34.95417°E / 31.86667; 34.95417Coordinates: 31°52′00″N 34°57′15″E / 31.86667°N 34.95417°E / 31.86667; 34.95417
Palestine grid 145/141
Population 1,980[2][3] (1945)
Date of depopulation July 15, 1948[4]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Gezer,[5] Kefar Bin-Nun,[5][6] Mishmar Ayyalon[5]

Al-Qubab (Arabic: القباب‎‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Ramle Subdistrict. It was depopulated in July 1948 during the Operation Dani led by the Yiftach Brigade.

History[edit]

The Jerusalem chronicler Mujir al-Din wrote that al-Qubab was a village within the administrative jurisdiction of al-Ramla in 1483.[7]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1863, Victor Guérin found it to have at least five hundred inhabitants, [8] while an Ottoman village list from about 1870 found that Al-Qubab had a population of 381, in 114 houses, though the population count included men, only.[9]

In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described it as "a small adobe village on rising ground, by the main road. It is surrounded with prickly-pear hedges and olives. The ground is rocky. The water-supply is from the fine spring of 'Ain Yerdeh. This spring is 1 1/4 miles from the village, yet is the only source whence water is obtained."[10]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Qubab had a population of 1,275 inhabitants, all Muslims,[11] increasing in the 1931 census to 1502 inhabitants, all Muslim, in 382 houses.[12]

It had a population of 1,980 Muslims in 1945,[2] while the total land area was 13,918 dunams, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, a total of 12,295 dunums were allocated to cereals, 238 dunums were irrigated or used for plantations,[13] while 54 dunams were classified as built-up urban areas.[14]

1948, aftermath[edit]

On September 13, 1948, al-Qubab was mostly destroyed, although the school (founded in 1921) and few houses remain standing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 313
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 30
  3. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 68
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xix, village #240. Also gives cause of depopulation
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 407
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xxi, settlement #84
  7. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 406
  8. ^ Guérin, 1868, pp. 56-57, 314
  9. ^ Socin, 1879, p. 154
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 15
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Ramleh, p. 21
  12. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 22
  13. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 116.
  14. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 166

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]