|• Also spelled||al-Qubeibah (official)
|• Head of Municipality||Mr. Hasanayn Hammouda|
|Name meaning||"The little dome"|
Al-Qubeiba (Arabic: القبيبة) is a small Palestinian town in the Jerusalem Governorate, located 11 kilometers Northwest of Jerusalem in the northern West Bank. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 3,321 in 2010. Al-Qubeiba lies at an altitude of 783m to 795m above sea-level. It is located in a conflict area near the border with Israel between Ramallah and Jerusalem. The settlement of Giv'on HaHadashah lies 5 km southeast of al-Qubeiba. It is surrounded by the town of Biddu (east), Beit 'Anan (northwest), Qatanna (southwest), and Kharayib Umm al-Lahim (west). Unlike the surrounding region, al-Qubeiba has large areas covered with pine and olive trees.
In the Crusader era a new Frankish town was erected along the still extant Roman road and received the name Parva Mahomeria. In 1159 it was mentioned in a document defining its borders with Beit 'Anan.
After the expulsion of the Crusaders from the Holy Land, the next Christian established presence in Palestine were the Franciscan custodians of the holy sites. During the 13th century Qubeibeh has gradually been adopted by pilgrims as the location of Emmaus, the town mentioned in Luke 24:13-35, eventually replacing Abu Ghosh in this function. From 1335 on the Franciscans adopted it too and began an annual pilgrimage to this site.
In 1838 el-Kubeibeh was noted as a Muslim village, part of Beni Malik area, located west of Jerusalem.
In 1883, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described it as a "village of moderate size, standing on a flat ridge withe a few olives to the west. [..] To the west is a monastery of Latin monks, established in 1862." A ruined Crusader church was noted.
In 1896 the population of El-kubebe was estimated to be about 144 persons.
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Al-Qubeiba had a population of 236 inhabitants, consisting of 26 Christians and 210 Muslims, where all the Christians were Roman Catholics. This had increased in the 1931 census to 316, 55 Christians and 261 Muslim, in 83 residential houses.
In 1945 Al-Qubeiba had a population of 420; 340 Muslims and 80 Christians, with 3,184 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 534 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,032 used for cereals, while 22 dunams were built-up land.
After the Six-Day War in 1967, Al-Qubeiba has been under Israeli occupation. The population in the 1967 census conducted by the Israeli authorities was 688, of whom 21 originated from the Israeli territory.
53.3 % of village land belongs to Area B in the Oslo II Accord, while the remaining 46.2 % is Area C. Israel has confiscated more than 500 dunams of village land in order to construct the Segregation Wall.
Al-Qubeiba is known for its cool climate during the summertime and its natural landscape. The village serves as a tourist destination because it houses an over-a-century-old Franciscan church that was built on the remains of a Crusader precursor at the very place where Jesus Christ is thought to have shared bread with two of his disciples. The town has remains of the cobble-stoned Roman road that connected the coastal city of Jaffa to Jerusalem. This historic road is surrounded by remains of Crusader houses.
Of the three major candidates identified with Emmaus, Al-Qubeiba is the only one located in the Palestinian territories, which means that if visitors are coming from Israel access can be more difficult. For pilgrims it is advisable to coordinate a visit with the offices of the Franciscans. For individual travellers it is useful to contact the Christian Information Center in Jerusalem. For more access information, see below under "Transportation".
Al-Qubeiba along with Beit Duqqu, Beit 'Anan, Beit Surik, Qatanna, Biddu, Beit Ijza, Kharayib Umm al-Lahim and at-Tira form the "Biddu enclave". The enclave is linked to Ramallah by underpasses and a road that is fenced on both sides. From the "Biddu enclave" Palestinians will travel along a fenced road that passes under a bypass road to Bir Nabala enclave, then on a second underpass under Bypass Road 443 to Ramallah.
Diaa' A-Din 'Abd al-Karim Ibrahim Abu 'Eid was shot dead by gunfire during an anti-barrier demonstration on 18 April 2004. Muhammad Fadel Hashem Rian and Zakaria Mahmoud 'Eid Salem were shot dead during anti-barrier demonstrations on 26 February 2004 at Beit Ijaz (a satellite village of Biddu).
Al-Qubeiba is accessible only by road (via service-shuttles or buses) from either Ramallah or Jerusalem. Nonetheless, due to the closure of the roads from the town to Jerusalem during the second intifada, only those with foreign passports or with the Jerusalem ID cards can reach the town from Jerusalem. This leaves the only possible access to the town to be from Ramallah via buses #40 and #45 and the service shuttles destined to al-Qubeiba, Qatannah, and Beit 'Anan (all found in the southern public transportation station in Ramallah, just across from the Yasser Arafat Square "al-Sa'a Square" in the city). Several mini-vans operate on the road between al-Qubeiba and the neighboring villages and towns.
Al-Qubeiba has two government-run schools (one mixed-gender elementary and another all-girls secondary schools). It also enjoys several kindergartens and pre-schools. The town also houses the "al-Qubeiba Nursing School" that operates in association with the Bethlehem University School of Nursing to provide students with a bachelor's degree in nursing.
The medical facilities for al-Qubeiba are classified as level 2 according to the Palestinian National Authority Ministry of Health. Governmental primary and secondary health care clinics operate in the town in addition to a German-run clinic. Several other private medical and dental clinics also exist.
The town is run by a village council elected every four years and is mainly funded by the Palestinian Ministry of Local Authority. al-Qubeiba has a locally funded-and-run "al-Qubeiba Club" that provides numerous educational, vocational, sports, and scout activities to the residents of the town. The town also enjoys the presence of one park (with an outdoor semi-olympic swimming pool) and two large multi-purpose halls for weddings and other major events. It also has a fully automated modern olive press that operates to service farmers from the town and the neighboring towns and villages, being one of the few olive presses in the West Bank licensed to produce extra virgin organic olive oil.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 313
- Localities in Jerusalem Governorate by Type of Locality and Population Estimates, 2007-2016. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics.
- Pringle, 1998, pp. 167-9
- Röhricht, 1893, RHH, p. 88, no 338
- Seetheholyland.net, editor: Pat McCarthy
- Robinson and Smith, 1841, vol 3, Appendix 2, p. 124
- Guérin, 1868, pp. 348-61
- Socin, 1879, p. 157 Also noted that it was in the Beni Malik district
- Hartmann, 1883, p. 118, also noted 12 houses
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, p. 17
- Conder and Kitchener, 1883, SWP III, pp. 130-131
- Schick, 1896, p. 126 Note that Schick mistakenly writes the Socin number for Al-Qubayba, Ramle, that is, 499.
- Barron, 1923, Table VII, Sub-district of Jerusalem, p. 15
- Barron, 1923, Table XIV, p. 45
- Mills, 1932, p. 42
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 25
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 58
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 104
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 154
- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics, 1964, p. 24
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- Perlmann, Joel (November 2011 – February 2012). "The 1967 Census of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: A Digitized Version" (PDF). Levy Economics Institute. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
- Al Qubeiba Village Profile, ARIJ, pp. 16–17
- Christian Information Center in Jerusalem
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- Health care Facilities West Bank Archived 2006-03-13 at the Library of Congress Web Archives
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- Government of Jordan, Department of Statistics (1964). First Census of Population and Housing. Volume I: Final Tables; General Characteristics of the Population (PDF).
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- Guérin, Victor (1868). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 1: Judee, pt. 1. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
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- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas. Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Pringle, Denys (1993). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: A-K (excluding Acre and Jerusalem). I. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 39036 2. (p. 8)
- Pringle, Denys (1998). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: L-Z (excluding Tyre). II. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0 521 39037 0.
- Pringle, Denys (2009). The Churches of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem: The cities of Acre and Tyre with Addenda and Corrigenda to Volumes I-III. IV. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-85148-0. (pp. 235, 260)
- RHC Or: Recueil des historiens des croisades : Historiens orientaux (in French). 4. Paris: Imprimerie nationale. 1898. ( p. 323)
- Robinson, Edward; Smith, Eli (1841). Biblical Researches in Palestine, Mount Sinai and Arabia Petraea: A Journal of Travels in the year 1838. 3. Boston: Crocker & Brewster. (p. 65)
- Röhricht, Reinhold (1893). (RRH) Regesta regni Hierosolymitani (MXCVII-MCCXCI) (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana.
- Röhricht, Reinhold (1904). (RRH Ad) Regesta regni Hierosolymitani Additamentum (in Latin). Berlin: Libraria Academica Wageriana.
- Schick, C. (1896). "Zur Einwohnerzahl des Bezirks Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 19: 120–127.
- Socin, A. (1879). "Alphabetisches Verzeichniss von Ortschaften des Paschalik Jerusalem". Zeitschrift des Deutschen Palästina-Vereins. 2: 135–163.
- Welcome To al-Qubayba
- Survey of Western Palestine, Map 17: IAA, Wikimedia commons
- Al Qubeibah Village (Fact Sheet), Applied Research Institute - Jerusalem (ARIJ)
- Al Qubeiba Village Profile, ARIJ; The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem
- Al Qubeiba aerial photo, ARIJ; The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem
- Locality Development Priorities and Needs in Al Qubeiba, ARIJ; The Applied Research Institute – Jerusalem