Al-Rashid of Morocco
|الرَّشيدُ بْن عَلِيُّ الشَّرِيفِ|
Al-Rashid of Morocco
|Sultan of Morocco|
|Predecessor||Ahmad el Abbas (Saadi dynasty)|
|Successor||Ismail ibn Sharif|
|Prince of Tafilalet|
|Predecessor||Muhammad ibn Sharif|
|House||House of Alaoui|
Al-Rashid Ben Ali Al-Charif (Arabic: الرَّشيدُ بْن عَلِيُّ الشَّرِيفِ), known as Mulai Al-Rashid (also spelt Mulay, Moulay or Mawlay; 1631 – 9 April 1672) (Arabic: مولاي الرشيد), was Sultan of Morocco from 1666 to 1672. He was the son of the founder of the Alaouite Dynasty, Moulay Ali Cherif, who took power in Tafilalt around 1630. In 1635 al-Rashid's brother Ismail Ibn Sharif succeeded their still living father. After the death of their father, Mulai Mohammed brought Tafilalt, the Draa River valley and the Sahara region under Alaouite power. However, due to internal feuding war broke out between the brothers and Mohammed was killed by troops of al-Rashid in 1664.
With a small army al-Rashid ruled the east of Morocco. He was able to expand his power and seize Taza. In 1666 he marched into Fes and ended the rule of the zaouia of Dila, a Berber movement which ruled the northern part of Morocco. After subjugating the northern coastal areas of Morocco he also succeeded in capturing Marrakech in 1669. He occupied the Sus and the Little Atlas, which solidified Alaouite control over the entirety of Morocco.
Al-Rashid was sometimes known as "Tafiletta" by the English.
- Williams, Gerhild Scholz (2014-04-10). Mediating Culture in the Seventeenth-Century German Novel: Eberhard Werner Happel, 1647-1690. University of Michigan Press. p. 162. ISBN 9780472119240.
- Messier, Ronald A.; Miller, James A. (2015-06-15). The Last Civilized Place: Sijilmasa and Its Saharan Destiny. University of Texas Press. p. 151. ISBN 9780292766655.
- Messier, Ronald A.; Miller, James A. (2015-06-15). The Last Civilized Place: Sijilmasa and Its Saharan Destiny. University of Texas Press. p. 153. ISBN 9780292766655.
- Lemon, Mark; Mayhew, Henry; Taylor, Tom; Brooks, Shirley; Burnand, Sir Francis Cowley; Seaman, Sir Owen (1951). Punch. Punch Publications Limited. p. 689.
Ahmad el Abbas
| Sultan of Morocco
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