Al-Sakhawi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Shams al-Din al-Sakhawi
Title Al-Hafiz, Shams al-Din
Born 1428 CE (831 AH)
Cairo, Egypt
Died 1497 CE (902 AH)
Medina
Region Middle Eastern Scholar
Religion Islam
Jurisprudence Shafi‘i
Main interest(s) Hadith, History

Shams al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn ‘Abd al-Raḥmān al-Sakhāwi (Arabic: شمس الدين محمد بن عبدالرحمن السخاوي‎, 1428/831 AH - 1497/902 AH) was a reputable Shafi‘i Muslim hadith scholar and historian who was born in Cairo. Al-Sakhawi" refers to the village of Sakha in Egypt, where his relatives belonged. He was a prolific writer that excelled in the knowledge of hadith, tafsir, literature, and history. His work was also anthropological. For example, in Egypt he recorded the marital history of 500 women, the largest sample on marriage in the Middle Ages, and found that at least a third of all women in the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and the Bilad al-Sham married more than once, with many marrying three or more times. According to al-Sakhawi, as many as three out of ten marriages in 15th century Cairo ended in divorce.[2] His proficiency in hadith has its influences trace back heavily on his Shaykh al-Hafiz, ibn Hajar al-`Asqalani. He died in Medina.

Works[edit]

  • Al-Tuhfah al-latifah fi Tarikh al-Madinah al-Sharifah (التحفة اللطيفة في تاريخ المدينة الشريفة): About Madinah al-Munawwara.
  • Fath al-Mugeeth bi Sharh Alfiyat al-Hadith (al-'Iraqi)
  • Al-Daw' al-lami` li ahli al-Qarni al-Tasi
  • Al-Jawahir wa al-Durar fi Tarjamat Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Hajar (al-Asqalani) (Pearls and Diamonds: the Biography of Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Hajar of `Asqalan)
  • Al-Maqasid al-Hasanah
  • Ashratu Sa'ah (Signs of the Day of Judgment) - which has been recently reprinted with 'Tahqiq' by Muhammad al-'Aqeel.
  • Al-riḥlah al-Ḥalabīyah wa tarājimihā (الرحلة الحلبية وتراجمها)
  • Al-riḥlah al-Makkīyah (الرحلة المكية)
  • Al-riḥlah al-Sakandarīyah (الرحلة السكندرية)
  • Al-baladaniyat al-ʻalīyāt (البلدنيات العليات): A book where he recorded the names of 80 towns he visited and took knowledge from its scholars.
  • Bughyat al-rāwī bi-man akhadha ʻanhu al-Sakhawi (بغية الراوي بمن أخذ عنه السخاوي) or Al-imtinān bi-shuyūkh Muhammad ibn `Abd al-Rahman (الامتنان بشيوخ محمد بن عبد الرحمن): A dictionary that lists the names of all his teachers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salmān, Mashhūr Ḥasan Maḥmūd & Shuqayrāt, Aḥmad Ṣidqī (1998). "Tarjamat al-musannif". Muʼallafāt al-Sakhāwī : al-ʻAllāmah al-Ḥāfiẓ Muḥammad ibn ʻAbd al-Raḥmān al-Sakhāwī, 831-902 H. Dār Ibn Ḥazm. p. 18. 
  2. ^ Rapoport, Yossef (2005). Marriage, Money and Divorce in Medieval Islamic Society. Cambridge University Press. pp. 5–6. ISBN 0-521-84715-X.