Al-Shaghour

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Al-Shaghour (Arabic: الشاغور‎‎) is a municipality and a neighborhood located in the old walled city of Damascus, Syria, south and east of the Old City, and east of al-Midan. Al-Shaghour is one of the oldest recorded neighborhoods in the city.[1] The traditional neighborhood is divided into the part located within the Old City walls, known as Shaghour al-Juwani, and the much larger part located outside the walls. The latter part has become a municipality known as "al-Shaghour" and includes the districts (hayy) of Shaghour al-Barrani, Bab Sharqi, al-Zuhur, al-Wihdah, al-Bilal, al-Nidal, Ibn al-Asakir and Rawdat al-Midan.

Old al-Shaghour is separated from al-Midan to the west by Al-Beit Street[2] and from Harat al-Yahud (Jewish Quarter) by Al-Ameen Street.[3] The latter, named after a prominent Shiite figure, is the main road in the neighborhood and accommodates the market place and the main shops.[1] Al-Shaghour is also home to many of the prominent Shia Muslim families of Damascus.[1]

History[edit]

Shaghour in 1910

During the French mandate, part of the neighborhood, known as "Shaghour al-Juwani" was located within the Old City walls, while most of the neighborhood was located outside the city walls and is known as "Shaghour al-Barrani". The total population of al-Shaghour was 18,715 in 1936, with 34% living in Shaghour al-Juwani and 66% living al-Shaghour al-Barrani. The entire population was Muslim.[4]

Al-Shaghour was a major center of resistance to French rule. Many of its inhabitants were involved in political activism and in the development of Syria's national political thought is the 1930s. Al-Shaghour was the home to several prominent intellectuals and political figures including the famous poet Nizar Qabbani, the minister of defense of the Kingdom of Syria, Yusuf al-Azma,[1] and Hasan al-Kharrat, the most prominent rebel leader in Damascus during the 1925 Great Syrian Revolt.[5]

By the 21st century, Shaghour al-Barrani evolved to become the larger al-Shaghour Municipality, which in 2004 consisted of the city districts (hayy) of Shaghour al-Barrani (pop. 13,169), al-Bilal (pop. 21,408), al-Zuhur (pop. 37,367), Bab Sharqi (pop. 12,318), al-Wihdah (pop. 29,953), Rawdat al-Midan (pop. 4,887), al-Nidal (pop. 15,588) and Ibn al-Asakir (pop. 4,539).[6][7] Shaghour al-Juwani is located in the Old City municipality and had a population of 2,506 in 2004.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Miller, Catherine (2007). Arabic in the City: Issues in Dialect Contact and Language Variation. 5. Routledge. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-415-77311-9. 
  2. ^ Stoddart, Brian (2012). A House In Damascus - Before The Fall. Syracuse University Press. p. 129. 
  3. ^ Totah, p. 45.
  4. ^ Khoury, Philip S. (November 1984). "Syrian Urban Politics in Transition: The Quarters of Damascus during the French Mandate" (PDF). International Journal of Middle East Studies. 16 (4): 510. 
  5. ^ Neep, 2012, pp. 79-80.
  6. ^ a b "Syrian Arab Republic Damascus Governorate Reference map" (PDF). ReliefWeb. United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 2015-03-16. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 
  7. ^ a b "The Results of Population and Housing of the 2004 Census: Damascus City". Syria Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 2016-04-08. 

Bibliography[edit]

Coordinates: 33°30′22″N 36°18′23″E / 33.50611°N 36.30639°E / 33.50611; 36.30639