Al-Shamiya (Iraq)

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Coordinates: 31°57′49″N 44°35′56″E / 31.96361°N 44.59889°E / 31.96361; 44.59889

Al-Shamiya
الشامية
Street in Al-Shamiya
Street in Al-Shamiya
Al-Shamiya is located in Iraq
Al-Shamiya
Al-Shamiya
Al-Shamiya's location inside Iraq
Coordinates: 31°57′49″N 44°35′56″E / 31.963611°N 44.598889°E / 31.963611; 44.598889
Country  Iraq
Governorate Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate
District Al-Shamiya
Elevation 70 ft (20 m)
Population (2014)[1]
 • Total ~300,000

Al-Shamiya (Arabic: الشامية‎) is a city in Al-Shamiya District, Al-Qādisiyyah Governorate, Iraq. It is roughly 147 km south of Baghdad on the Al-Shamiya branch of the Euphrates. Settlement dates back to Sumerian times, but the modern city was established in 1822 during the Ottoman era, named "Hamidya" after Abdul Hamid II. It was renamed Al-Shamiya (meaning Levantine) after the establishment of the Kingdom of Iraq. The city's population has grown quickly, from 189,000 in 1997 to 230,974 in 2007[2] to an estimated 300,000 in 2014. The population has been homogeneously Shia for centuries, and many descend from the Arab tribe of Nukha. It is located in the fertile, irrigated, drained, and alluvial plain of the middle Euphrates region. The area surrounding the city is notable for its crops, especially rice, dates, and wheat.

References[edit]

  1. ^ وزارة التخطيط العراقية / شعبة إحصاء الديوانية، بيانات غير منشورة
  2. ^ Marvellous Mesopotamia، The world's wonderland، by Toseph T.Parfit M.A، Page 15

External links[edit]

  1. مديرية زراعة الديوانية / شعبة زراعة الشامية،بيانات غير منشورة.
  2. وزارة الموارد المائية / دائرة ري الشامية، بيانات غير منشورة.