Al-Shuna

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Al-Shuna
Al-Shuna is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Shuna
Al-Shuna
Arabic الشونة
Name meaning Kŭlảt esh Shûneh, the castle of the granary[1]
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 32°54′30″N 35°29′13″E / 32.90833°N 35.48694°E / 32.90833; 35.48694Coordinates: 32°54′30″N 35°29′13″E / 32.90833°N 35.48694°E / 32.90833; 35.48694
Palestine grid 195/257
Population 170[2][3] (1945[3])
Area 3,660 dunams
Date of depopulation "Not known"[4]

Al-Shuna (Arabic: الشونة‎) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Safad Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 30, 1948, by the Palmach's First Battalion of Operation Yiftach. It was located 6 km south of Safad, overlooking the deep gorge of Wadi al-'Amud.

History[edit]

Victor Guérin describes this place in 1875 as "built of white limestone mixed with stones of black basalt in alternate courses. We think that although this custom is common in modern Arab building, it can be shown to have been an ancient usage, so that the building may be old. Round it are the vestiges of a ruined hamlet."[5]

In 1881 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine found at Kŭlảt esh Shûneh: "A modern Arab building of basaltic stone; used probably as a barn, as the name implies."[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine Shuneh had a population of 83; all Muslim,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 337, still all Muslims, in a total of 65 houses.[8]

By 1945 the population was 170 Muslims,[2] with a total of 3,660 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[3] Of this, 995 dunums were used for cereals,[9] while 2,481 dunams was non-cultivable area.[10]

The village had a school and a mosque.

1948, aftermath[edit]

Today, a wildlife sanctuary known as the Nachal 'Amud Reserve is located in the vicinity.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 130
  2. ^ a b Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 11
  3. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 71
  4. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii, village #72. Gives both date and cause of depopulation as "Not known"
  5. ^ Guérin, 1880, p. 353; as given in Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 412
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 412
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Safad, p. 41
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 111
  9. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 121
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 171

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]