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Burhan al-Din or Burhan al-Islam al-Zarnuji also spelled az-Zarnuji (d. 620 AH/1223 CE) was a Muslim scholar and the author of the celebrated pedagogical work Ta'līm al-Muta'allim-Ṭarīq at-Ta'-allum (Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning).

A manuscript of al-Zarnuji's Ta'līm al-Muta'allim-Ṭarīq at-Ta'-allum


Al-Zarnuj was born and lived in Zarnuj, a well-known town beyond the river Oxus in the present Turkistan. Burhan al-Din(proof of Din) or Burhan al-Islam(proof of Islam) al-Zarnuji were his agnomen, or moniker. Collections of biographies believed that his given name was al-Nu'man ibn Ibrahim.

He studied with many shaykhs including: Shaykh Burhān al-Dīn ‘Alī ibn Abī Bakr al-Marghīnānī (530–593 AH / 1135–1197 CE) author of Al-Hidāyah, Shaykh Abu al-Muhamid Qawaduddin Hammad ibn Ibrahim al-Saffar; the great Shaykh Hasan ibn Mansur Qadiykhani; and others.

The exact date of his death is unknown, though it is speculated that he died in 620 AH (1223 CE) or 640 AH (1242–1243 CE) in Bukhara.


Al-Zarnuji's treatise, Ta'līm al-Muta'allim-Ṭarīq at-Ta'-allum, is a short introduction to the secrets of attaining knowledge. Acknowledged by many[citation needed] as a book in which even the most advanced and experienced teachers find advice they have yet to apply in their teaching, this book serves to create the proper[citation needed] framework for the Sharia program and its students and teachers alike.


  • Della Vida, G. Levi (Jul–Sep 1948). "Review: Az-Zarnūjī, Ta'līm al-Muta'allim-Ṭarīq at-Ta'-allum. Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning by G. E. von Grunebaum; Theodora M. Abel". Journal of the American Oriental Society. 68 (3): 155–157. doi:10.2307/595783. ISSN 0003-0279. JSTOR 595783.
  • al-Zarnuji, Burhan al-Din; von Grunebaum, G.E.; Yusuf, Hamza (Foreword) (January 1, 2001). Instruction of the Student: The Method of Learning (2nd ed.). Starlatch, Llc. ISBN 978-1929694044.
  • Huda, Miftachul; Kartanegara, Mulyadhi (April 2015). "Ethical Foundation of Character Education in Indonesia: Reflections on Integration between Ahmad Dahlan and Al-Zarnuji." Persidangan Antarbangsa Tokoh Ulama Melayu Nusantara (PanTUMN 2015). Selangor, Malaysia: Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.5082.1605.
  • Huda, Miftachul; Kartanegara, Mulyadhi (1 July 2015). "Islamic Spiritual Character Values of al-Zarnūjī's Taʻlīm al-Mutaʻallim". Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 6 (4): 229. doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n4s2p229.

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