Al-‘Al

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For the Jordanian town, see Al `Al, Jordan.
Al ‘Al
العال
Ruins of Al-‘Al
Ruins of Al-‘Al
Al ‘Al is located in Syria
Al ‘Al
Al ‘Al
Al ‘Al in Syria
Coordinates: 32°48′N 35°44′E / 32.800°N 35.733°E / 32.800; 35.733Coordinates: 32°48′N 35°44′E / 32.800°N 35.733°E / 32.800; 35.733
Country  Syria
Governorate Quneitra
District Quneitra District
Region Golan Heights
Elevation 366 m (1,204 ft)

Al ‘Al (Arabic: العال‎‎, trans. "the high place"), is a former Syrian village in the southern Golan Heights,[1] on the southern tributary of Wadi es-Samekh.[2] Israel occupied the area during the Six-Day War. The village was abandoned and dismantled.[1][3]

During the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, the name was spelt "El Al" on French maps.

History[edit]

Archaeological remains of several Roman and Greek artifacts at the site gives evidence of ancient settlement.[2] In 1812, the place was described as a "ruined village".[2] A modern village was probably established during the second half of the 19th century. In 1884 it was reported that the village contained 65 dwellings, including 320 inhabitants and was a "large, well-built village on the point of reviving".[2]

The Israeli settlement of Eliad was built nearby.[1]

During the Yom Kippur War, the Syrian 5th Infantry Division set up a defence in depth strategy at the Al ‘Al ridgeline.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c CIA map: Golan Heights and vicinity - showing Al ‘Al as an abandoned/dismantled Syrian village.
  2. ^ a b c d Dan Urman, Paul V. M. Flesher (1998). Ancient synagogues: historical analysis and archaeological discovery. Brill Publishers. pp. 569–573. ISBN 90-04-11254-5. 
  3. ^ Golan map showing Al ‘Al as a destroyed Arab village.
  4. ^ Kenneth M. Pollack (2004). Arabs at war: military effectiveness, 1948-1991. University of Nebraska Press. p. 493. ISBN 0-8032-8783-6.