Al Jazeera controversies and criticism
Al Jazeera, owned by the government of Qatar, is currently one of the largest news organizations in the world, with 80 bureaus around the globe, which produce extensive news coverage online and via TV channels in a number of languages, including Arabic and English. Al Jazeera also produces in-depth documentaries on current issues around the world. While Al Jazeera has a large audience around the world and especially in the Middle East, the organization and the original Arabic channel in particular have sometimes been criticized and have been involved in several controversies.
- 1 Allegations of antisemitism
- 2 Allegations of bias
- 3 Satellite disruption
- 4 In Geopolitics
- 5 2018 pitch fixing scandal in cricket
- 6 By country
- 6.1 Algeria
- 6.2 Bahrain
- 6.3 Egypt
- 6.4 India
- 6.5 Iraq
- 6.6 Israel
- 6.7 Kuwait
- 6.8 Libya
- 6.9 Saudi Arabia
- 6.10 Somalia
- 6.11 Spain
- 6.12 Syria
- 6.13 United Kingdom
- 6.14 United States
- 7 References
Allegations of antisemitism
An article in the American Journalism Review noted that critics of Al Jazeera have "assailed what they see as anti-Semitic, anti-American bias in the channel's news content." An example cited from earlier years was a report in Al Jazeera that Jews had been informed in advance not to go to work on the day of the September 11 attacks, which was criticized by an October 2001 editorial in The New York Times. An often-repeated example involves an on-air birthday party organized by Al Jazeera's Beirut bureau chief for a Lebanese militant convicted of killing four Israelis, including a four-year-old girl. Al Jazeera greeted Samir Kuntar, released in a July 2008 prisoner swap, as a hero. A more recent example given by the article is the now defunct weekly show "Sharia and Life" by Yusuf Qaradawi, an Egyptian cleric who, according to a February 2011 article in The Atlantic, "argues clearly and consistently that hatred of Israel and Jews is Islamically sanctioned." Subsequently, the Al Jazeera television station admitted that its coverage of Israel's release of convicted Lebanese terrorist Samir Kuntar violated the station's own code of ethics.
Fox News commentator Bill O'Reilly has criticized Al Jazeera for being "anti-Semitic" and "anti-American". In response, Dave Marash, a veteran correspondent for ABC's Nightline who resigned from his position as Washington anchor for Al Jazeera English in 2008 due to a perception of anti-American bias, appeared on the O'Reilly Factor and asserted, "They certainly aren't anti-Semitic, but they are anti-Netanyahu and anti-Lieberman and anti-Israeli, right...."
On May 30, 2017 a tweet from the network's official English account  was accompanied by an antisemitic meme that sparked controversy and was consequently removed. The Network tweeted an apology following the incident, dubbing it a "mistake." Moreover, in the run-up to the 2016 elections in France, Al Jazeera published an article criticizing candidate Marine Le Pen for her party's anti-semitic leanings.
Allegations of bias
Al Jazeera has been criticized for being state media owned by Qatar. In 2010, United States Department of State internal communications, released by WikiLeaks as part of the 2010 diplomatic cables leak, claim that the Qatar government manipulates Al Jazeera coverage to suit political interests.
Al Jazeera's Shia Beirut correspondent Ali Hashem resigned from Al Jazeera after leaked e-mails shows his discontent over the outlet's "unprofessional" and biased coverage of the Syrian civil war in light of the Bahraini protests of 2011, which was not given the prominence of the Syrian conflict on the network, one side of the conflict which was partly funded by the state of Qatar, who also fund Al Jazeera. Al Jazeera has also been accused of spreading Hinduphobia and dropping neutrality in favor of an anti-India stance in reports relating to India.
Al Jazeera's long-time Berlin correspondent Aktham Suliman left in late 2012 "It wasn't just because the broadcaster seemed less interested in reports from Europe. Rather, Suliman had the feeling that he was no longer being allowed to work as an independent journalist. "Before the beginning of the Arab Spring, we were a voice for change," he says, "a platform for critics and political activists throughout the region. Now, Al-Jazeera has become a propaganda broadcaster." "Al-Jazeera takes a clear position in every country from which it reports -- not based on journalistic priorities, but rather on the interests of the Foreign Ministry of Qatar," he says. "In order to maintain my integrity as a reporter, I had to quit.""  He writes, "The news channel Al Jazeera was committed to the truth. Now it is bent. It's about politics, not journalism. For the reporter that means: time to go. [...] The decline 2004-2011 was insidious, subliminal and very slow, but with a disastrous end."
Walid Phares indicated that the Qatar-owned Al Jazeera television network became the “primary ideological and communication network” for the Muslim Brotherhood during the Arab Spring in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen, and Syria in 2011. He noted that after democratic forces had initiated the rebellions, Al Jazeera played a “tremendous role” in supporting the Islamist elements of the revolution.
Al Jazeera has lost former staff members over a number of reasons. Reporters and anchors, particularly in cities like London, Paris, Moscow, Beirut and Cairo have left Al-Jazeera. Among the largest walk-offs, was that of 22 members of Al Jazeera's Egyptian bureau. The group announced their resignation on July 8, 2013, citing biased coverage of the ongoing Egyptian power redistribution in favor of the Muslim Brotherhood.
During the visit of the official Qatari delegation to the 2017 UN General Assembly, anonymous critics purchased US social media ad space that pointed to articles labeling Al Jazeera as a "state-run propaganda arm," ostensibly in relation to the broader 2017 Qatar diplomatic crisis.
During the 2010 FIFA World Cup opening game, Al Jazeera Sports' transmission in the Arab world went down without explanation in the first half, while the second half transmission was patchy. Al Jazeera and FIFA said they were working to figure out the cause of the disruption to Al Jazeera's official broadcasting rights. The British newspaper The Guardian reported that evidence points toward jamming by the Jordanian government.
As a major news outlet in the Middle East, Al Jazeera's editorial positions are often subject to increased levels of scrutiny.
On the 2008 release in an Israel-Hezbollah deal of Samir Kuntar, who had murdered Four Israelis in 1979, including a 4-year-old girl, Al Jazeera Arabic threw him a party: "Brother Samir, we wish to celebrate your birthday with you," crowed the station's Beirut bureau chief, hailing Kuntar as a "pan-Arab hero."
On 13 March 2008, Israel announced a "boycott" of the Arabic broadcaster al-Jazeera, accusing it of bias particularly during coverage of the conflict in the Gaza Strip and of slanted coverage favoring Hamas. Ministers will refuse to do interviews and according to some reports, will deny visa applications from its staff. Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Majali Wahbe accused the Qatari-owned station of prioritizing/focusing exclusively on Palestinian suffering, and ignoring Israeli suffering. "We have seen that Al-Jazeera has become part of Hamas ... taking sides and cooperating with people who are enemies of the state of Israel," said Wahbe, a Druze Arab. "The moment a station like Al-Jazeera gives unreliable reports, represents only one side, and doesn't present the positions of the other side, why should we cooperate?", adding: "These reports are untrustworthy and they hurt us, and they arouse people to terrorist activities." Israeli officials backed their claim by saying al-Jazeera had covered the Gaza incursion but not the Palestinian rocket attacks against the Israeli city of Ashkelon. Wahabi said that the Israeli Foreign Ministry would send letters of complaint to the government of Qatar and Al Jazeera. Officials of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party also accuse al-Jazeera of being biased in favour of Hamas, with which it is at political loggerheads, and prominent Fatah official and former Gaza strongman Mohammed Dahlan has organized a lawsuit against the broadcaster. Al-Jazeera eventually agreed to discuss coverage of Mideast conflict, and the issue was apparently settled.
In February 2009, Israel again imposed sanctions on Al Jazeera after Qatar closed the Israeli trade office in Doha in protest to the Gaza War. Initially, Israel contemplated declaring Al Jazeera a hostile entity and shutting down its Israel offices, but after a legal review, the Israeli government decided instead to impose limited measures to restrict Al Jazeera's activities in the country. All Al Jazeera employees would not have their visas renewed, and the Israeli government would issue no new visas. Al Jazeera staff would also not be allowed to attend government briefings and reduced access to government and military offices or interview Knesset members. The station would only be allowed access to three official spokespersons: The Prime Minister's Office, the Foreign Ministry, and the IDF Spokesperson's Unit.
On 15 July 2009, the Palestinian National Authority closed down Al Jazeera's offices in the West Bank, apparently in response to claims made on the channel by Farouk Kaddoumi that PA President Mahmoud Abbas had been involved in the death of Yasser Arafat. In a statement announcing the decision, the Palestinian Information Ministry said the station's coverage was "unbalanced" and accused it of incitement against the PLO and the PA.
On 19 July 2009, President Abbas rescinded the ban and allowed Al Jazeera to resume operations.
In August 2011, Samer Allawi, Al Jazeera's Afghanistan bureau chief, was arrested by Israeli authorities on charges of being a member of Hamas. Walied Al-Omary, Al Jazeera's bureau chief in Israel and the Palestinian territories, said the military court accused Allawi of making contact with members of Hamas's armed wing. A co-leader of The Committee to Protect Journalists said "Israel must clarify why it continues to hold Samer Allawi." Allawi was held in prison over a month, he was charged $1400 fine after pleading guilty to having met with Hamas, a militant group seen as a terrorist group by Israel and most of the West.
2018 pitch fixing scandal in cricket
Al Jazeera was instrumental in revealing the untold incident about the pitch fixing and pitch tampering controversies which happened both in Sri Lanka and India but covering the pitch-fixing charges which occurred mainly in Sri Lanka's Galle International Stadium. Al Jazeera's documentary titled, Cricket's Match-Fixers portrayed the secret plans of the match fixers who were willing to engage in match fixing considering on the 1st test which is scheduled to be held in Galle during the upcoming test series between England and Sri Lanka in November 2018. The Al Jazeera Investigation Unit stated that the curator of Galle Cricket Stadium helped the bookmakers to fix test matches in Galle by changing the conditions of the pitch to suit the fixers. Al Jazeera explained that the last 2 test matches (Sri Lanka v Australia in 2016 & India v Sri Lanka in 2017) which were played in Galle were reported to have fixed by bookmakers and claimed that the fixers were noticed to have given bribes to the groundsman at Galle. The news report also revealed that the bookmakers who were identified as the suspects including former Indian professional domestic cricketer Robin Morris, former Pakistani domestic cricketer Hasan Raza and former Sri Lankan cricketer Tharindu Mendis were reported to be filmed secretly by an Al Jazeera reporter in UAE who were discussing on the past match fixing experience and fixing matches in the future.
On 27 January 1999, several Algerian cities lost power simultaneously, reportedly to keep residents from watching a program in which Algerian dissidents implicated the Algerian military in a series of massacres.
On 4 July 2004, the Algerian government froze the activities of Al Jazeera's Algerian correspondent. The official reason given was that a reorganization of the work of foreign correspondents was in progress. The international pressure group Reporters Without Borders says, however, that the measure was really taken in reprisal for a broadcast the previous week of another Al-Itijah al-Mouakiss debate on the political situation in Algeria.
The Bahraini Information Minister, Nabeel bin Yaqub Al-Hamar, banned Al Jazeera correspondents from reporting from inside the country on 10 May 2002, saying that the station was biased towards Israel and against Bahrain. After improvements in relations between Bahrain and Qatar in 2004, Al Jazeera correspondents returned to Bahrain. In 2010, the Information Ministry again banned Al Jazeera correspondents from reporting inside the country. The ministry accused the network of "flouting [Bahrain's] laws regulating the press and publishing" after Al Jazeera aired a report on poverty in Bahrain.
During his visit to Egypt in November 2011, Nabeel Rajab, the president of Bahrain Centre for Human Rights, criticized Al Jazeera's coverage of the 2011 protests, saying that it represents an Arabic double standard. Rajab commented, "Al Jazeera's intentional ignoring for coverage of Bahrain protests makes me strongly believe that we need channels that are sponsored by people rather than by regimes".
Al Jazeera has been criticized by an Egyptian newspaper for its allegedly biased coverage of news that are related to Egypt and its government, and they argue that these "continuous attacks against Egypt is to destroy Egypt’s image in the region". In addition, Al Jazeera has filed a lawsuit against the Egyptian al-Ahram newspaper for an article posted on 9 June 2010 named "Jazeerat al-Taharoush" ("Al Jazeera: An Island of Harassment"), which Al Jazeera finds to be "wholly deceptive and journalistically unprofessional" with an aim to "damage the reputation of the Al Jazeera Network". The Egyptian regime would later collapse as a result of the Arab Spring.
22 members of staff of Al Jazeera's Egyptian bureau announced their resignation on July 8, 2013, citing "biased" coverage of the ongoing Egyptian power redistribution in favor of the Muslim Brotherhood.
In September 2013, a court in Cairo ordered Al Jazeera to stop broadcasting in Egypt, claiming it was "inciting violence that led to the deaths of Egyptians."
On December 29, 2013, three journalists working for the Qatari-based international news channel Al Jazeera English, Australian Peter Greste, Egyptian-Canadian Mohamed Fahmy and Egyptian Baher Mohammed were taken into custody by Egyptian security forces at the Marriott Hotel in Cairo.
On June 23, 2014 after a 4-month trial, all three were found guilty of spreading false news and collaborating with the banned Muslim Brotherhood and they were sentenced between 7 and 10 years imprisonment. All were released on bail shortly afterwards  and Mohamed Fahmy sue Al Jazeera for $100 million Canadian dollars ($83m; £53m) in punitive and remedial damages for alleged negligence and breach of contract on 5 May 2015. He accused the network of "negligence" by misinforming him about its legal status and their safety in Egypt.
The three were pardoned on September 23, 2015 and released.
In May 2017, Egypt has blocked 21 websites including Al-Jazeera and Masr AlArabiya for allegedly supporting terrorism and spreading fake news. The websites were blocked for allegedly supporting the outlawed Muslim Brotherhood.
The Indian government banned the Al Jazeera TV channel in April 2015 for five telecast days as it repeatedly displayed disputed maps of India. The Surveyor General of India (SGI) had observed that in some of the maps displayed by Al Jazeera, "a portion of Indian territory of Jammu and Kashmir (i.e. PoK and Aksai Chin) has not been shown as a part of Indian territory."
The SGI asserted that it was outrageous that the channel also did not show Lakshadweep and Andaman Islands as Indian territories in some of the maps. The SGI also said that the maps were not in accordance with the Survey of India copyright map and is also against the National Map policy, 2005 and map restriction policy issued by Ministry of Defence from time to time. The Ministry of External Affairs also pointed out similar airing of a wrong map by the channel.
In their reply to a Show Cause Notice, Al Jazeera said that all maps that are displayed by them are generated by an internationally known software used by Global News Providers. The channel also added that it takes the Indian government's concerns about maps very seriously and accordingly reviews all its India and Pakistan maps to ensure compatibility with recent official UN map. As per the order of the Information and Broadcasting Ministry, the Inter Ministerial Committee which was also attended by representatives of the Ministry of External Affairs, after deliberations, held that the channel had clearly violated the provisions of the programme code and prohibited transmission or re-transmission of the channel throughout India for five days.
During the Iraq war, Al Jazeera faced reporting and movement restrictions, as did other news-gathering organizations. In addition, one of its reporters, Tayseer Allouni, was expelled from the country, while another one, Diyar Al-Omari, was stripped of his journalistic permits by the US. Reacting to this, Al Jazeera announced on 2 April 2003, that it would "temporarily freeze all coverage" of Iraq in protest of what Al Jazeera described as unreasonable interference from Iraqi officials.
Contrary to some allegations, including the oft-reported comments of Donald Rumsfeld on 4 June 2005, Al Jazeera has never shown beheadings (beheadings have appeared on numerous non-Al Jazeera websites and have sometimes been misattributed to Al Jazeera).
On 7 August 2004, the Iraqi Allawi government shut down the Iraq office of Al Jazeera, claiming that it was responsible for presenting a negative image of Iraq, and charging the network with fueling anti-Coalition hostilities. Al Jazeera spokesman Jihad Ballout said: "It's regrettable and we believe it's not justifiable. This latest decision runs contrary to all the promises made by Iraqi authorities concerning freedom of expression and freedom of the press," and Al Jazeera vowed to continue its reporting from inside Iraq. News photographs showed United States and Iraqi military personnel working together to close the office. Initially closed by a one-month ban, the shutdown was extended indefinitely in September 2004, and the offices were sealed, drawing condemnation from international journalists.
In April 2013, Iraq banned Al Jazeera along with nine other TV channels over 'sectarian bias'. The Iraqi Communication and Media Commission said in a statement that the satellite channels had "exaggerated things, given misinformation and called for breaking the law and attacking Iraqi security forces". The watchdog complained of a "sectarian tone" in the TV coverage and said "undisciplined media messages exceeded all reasonable limits" and threatened to "jeopardise the democratic process".
A widely reported criticism is the unfounded allegation that Al Jazeera showed videos of masked terrorists beheading western hostages in Iraq. When this was reported in other media, Al Jazeera pressed for retractions to be made. This allegation was again repeated on Fox News Channel on the launch day of Al Jazeera's English service, 15 November 2006. Later The Guardian apologized for incorrect information that Al Jazeera "had shown videos of masked terrorists beheading western hostages".
On 19 July 2008, Al Jazeera TV broadcast a program from Lebanon that covered the "welcome-home" festivities for Samir Kuntar, a Lebanese terrorist who had been imprisoned in Israel for killing several people in a Palestine Liberation Front raid from Lebanon into Israel. In the program, the head of Al Jazeera's Beirut office, Ghassan bin Jiddo, praised Kuntar as a "pan-Arab hero" and organized a birthday party for him. In response, Israel's Government Press Office (GPO) announced a boycott of the channel, which was to include a general refusal by Israeli officials to be interviewed by the station, and a ban on its correspondents from entering government offices in Jerusalem. A few days later an official letter was issued by Al Jazeera's director general, Wadah Khanfar, in which he admitted that the program violated the station's Code of Ethics and that he had ordered the channel's programming director to take steps to ensure that such an incident does not recur.
The television network was also criticized for allegedly biased coverage of events in the Israeli–Palestinian conflict, including the Bat Mitzvah massacre in 2002, where the network failed to note that the massacre victims were attending a bat mitzvah celebration for a 12-year-old girl, and neglected to mention that the gunman crashed the event at a crowded banquet hall. When the Palestinian militant Raed Karmi was killed by the Israeli army, Al Jazeera was criticized for failing to mention Israeli accusations about how many people he had killed, which would have provided a context for the story.
In 2008, Israel accused Al Jazeera of bias. Israeli Deputy Foreign Minister Majalli Wahabi accused the Qatari-owned station of focusing exclusively on Palestinian suffering, and ignoring Israeli suffering, referring to the Israeli residents of Western Negev, who have been the target of rocket attacks by Gaza in recent years. "We have seen that Al-Jazeera has become part of Hamas . . . taking sides and cooperating with people who are enemies of the state of Israel," said Wahabi, a Druze Arab. "The moment a station like Al-Jazeera gives unreliable reports, represents only one side, and doesn't present the positions of the other side, why should we cooperate?", adding: "These reports are untrustworthy and they hurt us, and they arouse people to terrorist activities." Israeli officials backed their claim by saying Al Jazeera had covered the Gaza incursion but not the Palestinian rocket attacks against the Israeli city of Ashkelon. Wahabi said that the Israeli Foreign Ministry would send letters of complaint to the government of Qatar and Al Jazeera. Officials of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas' Fatah party also accuse Al Jazeera of being biased in favour of Hamas, with which it is at political loggerheads, and prominent Fatah official and former Gaza strongman Mohammed Dahlan has organized a lawsuit against the broadcaster. Al Jazeera eventually agreed to discuss coverage of Mideast conflict, and the issue was apparently settled.
In February 2015, Al Jazeera posted an article to its online edition, alleging that the Israeli government had opened dams in its southern region in order to intentionally flood parts of the Gaza Strip. The article was retracted on the 25th of February, and replaced with a statement saying that there were, in fact, no dams in southern Israel, and that the article was false.
During the June 2017 Jerusalem attack, Israeli media criticized Al-Jazeera, accusing it of not citing the incident as a terrorist attack and choosing to ignore the incident when 3 Palestinians attacked Temple Mount in Old Jerussalem, instead focusing on the killing of a Palestinian by Israeli forces on Jumat prayer.
The Al Jazeera office in Kuwait City was closed by government officials after airing a story on police crackdowns. The story had video of police beating activists and included interviews with members of the Kuwaiti opposition. Four MP's were injured in the crackdown. Kuwait's Minister of Information described Al Jazeera's coverage as "intervention in a Kuwaiti domestic issue".
According to the media of the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Al Jazeera worked on behalf Western countries and those of the Gulf Cooperation Council in promoting their policies against Libya. It explained that Al Jazeera worked to "disseminate falsehoods and lies to incite international public opinion."
The Qatari Emir, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani, opposed Libya's government and supported Libya's armed revolt in 2011, providing the rebels with significant military support and funding. Qatar's emir ordered Al Jazeera to emphasize Libya's conflict in the channel's coverage, which contributed to the spread of the insurgency and influenced the Arab world's views on Libya. Within a week of the start of the rebellion in Libya against the Libyan Government, Al Jazeera started using the rebels' tricolor flag to mark its coverage.
Qatar's emir appeared on Al Jazeera and urged that military intervention in Libya was necessary. Al Jazeera's journalists were criticized for not challenging the emir over his position.
Although Al Jazeera reported on 22 February 2011 that Libya's government carried out airstrikes on Benghazi and Tripoli, observers concluded that the airstrikes did not take place.
Saudi Arabia decided to ban Al-Jazeera and another Qatari website after Qatari Emir Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani stated that he recognizes Iran as Islamic regional power and criticizes Saudi and Trump's policy toward Iran. He also praised Lebanese organization Hezbollah and the Palestinian group Hamas. However, Qatar denied such reports and said QNA was allegedly hacked and they are still investigating the issue.  
In January 2009 Al Jazeera aired a documentary on toxic waste dumped in Somalia. A Somali journalist who studied the contents of the two-part Al Jazeera documentary, The Toxic Truth, has concluded that Al Jazeera failed to rigorously research the story because one of the letters used to substantiate arms smuggling was issued on 15 April 1992, from the Ministry of Defence of People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, almost two years after South Yemen and North Yemen united to form the Republic of Yemen in May 1990. Another criticism of the documentary was that Al Jazeera did not allow Ali Mahdi Muhammad, former interim president of Somalia, to exercise his right of reply for being accused of authorising Italy based companies to build dumping grounds in Somalia.
Reporter Tayseer Allouni was arrested in Spain on 5 September 2003, on a charge of having provided support for members of al-Qaeda. Judge Baltasar Garzón, who had issued the arrest warrant, ordered Allouni held without bail. Al Jazeera wrote to then Spanish Prime Minister Jose Maria Aznar and protested: "On several occasions Western journalists met secretly with secret organizations and they were not subjected to any legal action because they were doing their job, so why is Allouni being excluded?" Allouni was released on bail several weeks later over health concerns, but prohibited from leaving the country.
On 19 September, a Spanish court issued an arrest warrant for Allouni before the expected verdict. Allouni had asked the court for permission to visit his family in Syria to attend the funeral of his mother but authorities denied his request and instead ordered him back to jail.
Although he pleaded not guilty of all the charges against him, Allouni was sentenced on 26 September 2005 to seven years in prison for being a financial courier for al-Qaeda. Allouni insisted he merely interviewed Osama bin Laden after the 11 September attack on the United States. Al Jazeera has continuously supported Allouni and maintain that he is innocent.
Al Jazeera has been criticized over unfair coverage of the Syrian civil war. The channel's reporting has been described as largely supportive of the rebels, while demonizing the Syrian government.
The Lebanese newspaper As-Safir cited outtakes of interviews showing that the channel's staff coached Syrian eyewitnesses and fabricated reports of oppression by Syria's government. It refers to leaked internal e-mails suggest that Al Jazeera has become subordinated to the Qatari emir's assertive foreign policy, which supports Syria's rebels and advocates military intervention in the country.
In March 2012, Al Jazeera correspondents Ali Hashim and two others resigned from their jobs because of objections over the reporting on the conflict. They reported that Al Jazeera paid $50,000 for smuggling phones and satellite communication tools to Syria's rebels. Hashim concluded, “The channel was taking a certain stance. It was meddling with each and every detail of reports on the Syrian revolution."
Ahmad Ibrahim, who is in charge of the Al Jazeera's coverage on Syria, is the brother of a leading member of the rebels' "Syrian National Council". Al Jazeera reportedly put pressure on its journalists to use the term "martyr" for slain Syrian rebels, but not pro-government forces.
In January 2013 a former News Editor at Al Jazeera, who was from Syria, and had been at Al Jazeera for "nearly a decade" was fired without cause given, but in an interview stated their belief that it was linked to his/her resistance of ongoing strong pressure to conform to biased coverage of the Syrian civil war. The former Editor stated that the Muslim Brotherhood was "controlling the Syrian file at Al-Jazeera" with both organizations biasing news coverage in favour of the Brotherhood ousting the Syrian government of Assad by force and warning the then-editor "the majority [in Syria] is with the Muslim Brotherhood and [taking power] is within our grasp" so "thank your god if you get a pardon when we become the government." The source named the names of several other former employees who resigned in protest, including director of the Berlin bureau Aktham Sleiman, a Syrian, "who was, at the beginning, with the [Syrian] opposition" but resisted what the interviewee terms the "lies and despicable [political and ethnic] sectarianism" and concluded that "Al-Jazeera has lied and is still lying" about Syria and in favour of armed overthrow and of the Muslim Brotherhood.
UK officials, like their US counterparts, strongly protested against Al Jazeera's coverage of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. Al Jazeera stated that the coalition leaders were taking exception because its reporting made it more difficult for both countries to manage the way the war was being reported.
In 2017, several pro-Israel British activists and a former Israeli Embassy employee filed complaints with the UK media regulator Ofcom alleging that Al Jazeera's four-part documentary series The Lobby was anti-Semitic, bias, unfair editing, and infringement of privacy. The Lobby documentary utilized hidden cameras and undercover journalism to investigate alleged efforts by Israeli diplomats and local pro-Israel advocacy groups to influence British foreign policy in Israel's favor. On 9 October 2017, Ofcom issued a 60-page ruling rejecting all the complaints. The ruling was welcomed by an Al Jazeera source as a vindication of the network's journalism.
Since 9/11 U.S. officials have claimed an anti-American bias to Al Jazeera's news coverage. The station first gained widespread attention in the West following the September 11, 2001 attacks, when it broadcast videos in which Osama bin Laden and Sulaiman Abu Ghaith defended and justified the attacks. This led to significant controversy and accusations by the United States government that Al Jazeera was engaging in propaganda on behalf of terrorists. Al Jazeera countered that it was merely making information available without comment, and several western television channels later followed suit in broadcasting portions of the tapes. At a press conference on 3 October 2001, Colin Powell tried to persuade the emir of Qatar to shut down Al Jazeera.
When Al Jazeera reported events featuring very graphic footage from inside Iraq, Al Jazeera was described as anti-American and as inciting violence because it reported on issues concerning national security.
In 2003 Washington bureau chief Hafez al-Mirazi resigned to protest the station's "Islamist drift".
On 24 March 2003, two Al Jazeera reporters covering the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) had their credentials revoked. The NYSE banned Al Jazeera (as well as several other news organizations whose identities were not revealed) from its trading floor indefinitely. NYSE spokesman Ray Pellechia said that it was due to "security reasons", and that the exchange had decided to give access only to networks that focus "on responsible business coverage". He denied the revocation had anything to do with the network's Iraq war coverage. However, Robert Zito, the exchange's executive vice president for communications, indicated that Al Jazeera's broadcast of US P.O.W.'s and dead American soldiers on 22 March 2003 led him to oust Al Jazeera. The move was quickly mirrored by NASDAQ stock market officials. The NYSE ban was rescinded a few months later.
In addition, Akamai Technologies, a U.S. company whose founder was killed in the 11 September World Trade Center attack, canceled a contract to provide web services for Al Jazeera's English language website.
On 12 October 2008, Al Jazeera broadcast interviews with people attending a Sarah Palin 2008 United States presidential election rally in St. Clairsville, Ohio, with interviewees making comments about Barack Obama such as "he regards white people as trash" and "I'm afraid if he wins, the blacks will take over". The report received over 2 million views on YouTube and elicited comment by Colin Powell: "Those kind of images going out on Al Jazeera are killing us." Following this the Washington Post ran an op-ed, claiming the news channel was deliberately encouraging "anti-American sentiment overseas", which was criticized by Al Jazeera as "a gratuitous and uninformed shot at Al Jazeera's motives", as the report was just one of "hundreds of hours of diverse coverage".
Some critics have alleged that Al Jazeera has censored criticism of the United States under U.S. pressure. Al Jazeera English's former director, Wadah Khanfar resigned in September 2011 following Wikileaks documents that asserted that he had close ties to the U.S. and agreed to remove content if the United States objected.
Some of Al Jazeera's competitors have claimed that Al Jazeera is pro-American. RT, a Russian network sometimes criticized for an alleged Anti-Western bias, asserted that the Wikileaks documents concerning Wadah Khanfar (see above) prove that Al Jazeera is pro-American. Voice of Russia made the same claim. Another rival, Iranian Press TV, has also published articles critical of Al Jazeera, claiming that Al Jazeera has a pro-American bias and serves Israeli interests. Their criticism of Al Jazeera came along with criticism of Qatar's government, and reports of rallies against the government.
On April 28, 2015, Matthew Luke, Al Jazeera America's former Supervisor of Media and Archive Management, filed a US$15 million lawsuit against his former employers over unfair dismissal. Luke alleged that he had been unfairly dismissed by the network after he had raised concerns with the human resource division that his boss, Osman Mahmud, the Senior Vice-President of Broadcast Operations and Technology, discriminated against female employees and made anti-Semitic remarks. In response, Ehab Al Shihabi, the head of Al Jazeera America, has announced that the network will contest the lawsuit in court. Mahmud has also denied Luke's charges and has alleged that Luke was a difficult employee. In an unrelated development, two female Al Jazeera America employees, Diana Lee, Executive Vice-President for Human Resources, and Dawn Bridges, Executive Vice President for Communications, had resigned that week.
On 4 May 2015, Marcy McGinnis, a senior Al Jazeera America's executive and former CBS news anchor, resigned from the company for undisclosed reasons amidst internal dissension with AJAM's management. On 5 May 2015, Al Jazeera Media Network demoted Al Shihabi to Chief Operations Officer (COO) of Al Jazeera America. He was demoted from CEO after a report from the New York Times of an altercation between him and host Ali Velshi where he attempted to fire and sue the channel's top host. He was replaced by Al Anstey, the former managing director of Al Jazeera English.
On January 13, 2016, Al Jazeera America CEO Al Anstey announced the U.S. broadcaster would cease operations in April 2016, stating “decision by Al Jazeera America’s board is driven by the fact that our business model is simply not sustainable in light of the economic challenges in the U.S. media marketplace.” 
Death of Tareq Ayyoub
On 8 April 2003, Al Jazeera's office in Baghdad was hit by a missile fired from by an American ground-attack aircraft, killing reporter Tareq Ayyoub and wounding another. Al Jazeera reported that it had mailed coordinates for their office to the U.S. State Department six weeks earlier, and that these should have clearly identified their location. Dima Tareq Tahboub, the widow of Tareq Ayyoub, continues as of 2003[update] to denounce her husband's death and has written for The Guardian and participated in a documentary broadcast on Al Jazeera English.
Al Jazeera bombing memo
On 22 November 2005, the UK tabloid The Daily Mirror published a story claiming that it had obtained a leaked memo from 10 Downing Street saying that former U.S. President George W. Bush had considered bombing Al Jazeera's Doha headquarters in April 2004, when United States Marines were conducting a contentious assault on Fallujah.
Al Jazeera was accused of defending Omar Abdel-Rahman over the 1993 World Trade Center bombing by Oren Kessler. Arab and westerners received different messages from news organizations in the Gulf states. It was claimed that he "defended human rights"and "rejected tyranny" according to Aljazeera as they praised him.[unreliable source?]
Detention of Sami Al Hajj
Al Jazeera cameraman Sami Al Hajj, a Sudanese national, was detained while in transit to Afghanistan in December 2001, and up until May 2008 was held, without charge, as an enemy combatant in Camp Delta at Guantánamo Bay. The reasons for his detention remain unknown, although the U.S.' official statement on all detainees is that they are security threats. Reporters Without Borders have repeatedly expressed concern over Al Hajj's detention, mentioned Al Hajj in their Annual Worldwide Press Freedom Index, and launched a petition for his release.
On 23 November 2005, Sami Al Hajj's lawyer Clive Stafford-Smith reported that, during (125 of 130) interviews, U.S. officials had questioned al-Hajj as to whether Al Jazeera was a front for al-Qaeda. Al-Hajj has since expressed plans to launch legal action against former U.S. President George W. Bush for his treatment while in Guantanamo. According to Stafford-Smith, these accusations include having been beaten and sexually assaulted during his incarceration.
Sami Al Hajj was released on May 1, 2008 from Guantanamo Bay and flown to Sudan. He arrived in the Sudanese capital Khartoum on a US military plane in the early hours of Friday, May 2. Al Jazeera showed footage of him being carried into the hospital on a stretcher, looking frail but smiling and surrounded by well-wishers.
Reactions to The Dark Side: Secrets of the Sports Dopers documentary
On December 27, 2015, Al Jazeera English and Al Jazeera America released a report conducted by the Al Jazeera Investigative Unit called "The Dark Side: Secrets of the Sports Dopers" which investigated professional athletes' potential use of Performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs) naming Peyton Manning and other prominent athletes, as having received drugs from Charles Sly, a pharmacist who had worked at the Guyer Anti-Aging Clinic in Indianapolis during the fall of 2011.
The Huffington Post leaked the reports a day before Al Jazeera's publication. Then, Manning told ESPN's Lisa Salters about the reports, even though the documentary wasn't even published yet, on an interview on the morning of the 27th for ESPN Sunday NFL Countdown calling them "completely fabricated" and "garbage", and he also expressed his anger about his wife, Ashley, mentioned in the documentary. Salters pointed other cases have been seen in which athletes deny first and then eventually admit allegations and Manning answered he can't speak for others. Nevertheless, Manning also stated he had visited the Guyer Institute 35 times during 2011 and that he had received both medication and treatment from Guyer during this time.
Sly recanted his story and requested the report not to be aired via a YouTube video following the release of the report. Sly later said he had never seen the Mannings and told ESPN's Chris Mortensen that he is not a pharmacist and was not at the Guyer Institute in 2011, as Al Jazeera claimed, but state licensing records indicate that someone named "Charles David Sly" was licensed as a pharmacy intern in Indiana from April 2010 to May 2013 and that his license expired May 1, 2013.
As part of the backlash, on January 5, 2016 it was announced that Ryan Howard and Ryan Zimmerman had filed a lawsuit suing Al Jazeera for defamation following the publication's release of the documentary which linked them.
The Lobby documentary series
On January 20, 2017, the Jewish-American magazine Tablet journalist Armin Rosen published an article asserting that a pro-Palestinian filmmaker and undercover Al Jazeera reporter named James Anthony Kleinfeld had infiltrated several pro-Israel advocacy organizations in Washington, D.C. including Stand With Us, The Israel Project, the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, the Israel on Campus Coalition, and the Zionist Organization of America's (ZOA) Fuel For Truth. The article speculated that Kleinfeld was the same individual who infiltrated pro-Israel organizations and circles in the United Kingdom, which had been the subject of an Al Jazeera documentary released that month. While operating as an undercover journalist, Kleinfield had reportedly obtained work at several pro-Israel organizations, interviewed dozens of Jewish pro-Israel activists, won access to donors, hosted officials from the Israeli embassy at his home, and filmed dozens of hours of video. The reporter left Washington suddenly in January 2017 around the time that Al Jazeera had broadcast a four-part documentary series called The Lobby, which used undercover journalism to infiltrate several pro-Israel advocacy groups in the United Kingdom.
On October 11, 2017, Al Jazeera publicly admitted that it had installed an undercover journalist inside several Washington–based pro-Israel organizations in 2016 and that it was planning to air a documentary film based on the reporter's work. This announcement followed a ruling by the British media regulator Ofcom that rejected complaints against the January documentary series The Lobby; which had led to the resignation of an Israeli diplomat and drawn accusations of anti-antisemitism from UK pro-Israel advocacy groups and representatives of the local Jewish community. Clayton Swisher, Al Jazeera's director of investigative reporting, also acknowledged that the network had stationed an undercover journalist in both the UK and US at the same time.
On 8 February, it was reported that Qatari leaders had reassured the leaders of Jewish American organizations that Al Jazeera would not be airing its companion documentary series on the Israel lobby in the United States. According to Haaretz, the Qatari government had reportedly hired Republican Senator Ted Cruz's former aide Nicolas Muzin to open communications channels with Jewish American organizations. Earlier, the network had sent letters to several American pro-Israel organizations informing them that their employees would appear in the documentary. These letters generated speculation that the Qatari government had reneged on its earlier promise to block Al Jazeera from screening the controversial documentary, which like the earlier British series had utilized clandestine footage and recordings of pro-Israel activists.
Al Jazeera's decision not to screen the documentary drew criticism from Clayton Swisher, who defending the network's investigation unit's use of undercover journalism and accusing the network of capitulation to outside pressure. Swisher also took a sabbatical from Al Jazeera to express his disagreement with the network's handling of the situation. In March 2018, a bipartisan group of US lawmakers including Democratic Congressman Josh Gottheimer, Republican Congressman Lee Zeldin, and Ted Cruz penned a letter urging United States Attorney General Jeff Sessions to investigate whether Al Jazeera should register as a foreign agent under the Foreign Agents Registration Act. They also urged the Justice Department to investigate reports that the network had infiltrated non-profit organizations and accused Al Jazeera of broadcasting anti-Semitic, anti-Israel, and anti-American content.
On April 10, 2018, the Zionist Organization of America's president Morton Klein claimed credit for lobbying the Qatari government not to screen Al Jazeera's companion documentary series focusing on American pro-Israel lobby.
- Shawn Powers. "The Geopolitics of the News: The Case of the Al Jazeera Network". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- SPIEGEL ONLINE, Hamburg, Germany (15 February 2013). "Al Jazeera Criticized for Lack of Independence after Arab Spring". SPIEGEL ONLINE. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- CLIFFORD D. MAY; Scripps Howard News Service (9 January 2013). "The case against Al Jazeera America - Clifford D. May - Newsday". Newsday. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "HARPER: Al-Jazeera due some criticism". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Charles Rollet (10 July 2013). "Experts criticize 'irresponsible' Al Jazeera investigation of anti-Morsi activists' ties to U.S. - The Daily Caller". The Daily Caller. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Al Jazeera plans U.S. expansion amid criticism". USA TODAY. 3 January 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Sherry Ricchiardi (March–April 2011). "The Al Jazeera Effect". American Journalism Review. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Goldberg, Jeffrey (23 February 2011). "Sheikh Qaradawi Seeks Total War". The Atlantic. Retrieved 18 August 2013.
- Stern, Yoav (2008-08-06). "Al-Jazeera Apologizes for 'Unethical' Coverage of Kuntar Release". Haaretz. Retrieved 2017-12-04.
- "Fox hosts slam 'anti-Semitic, anti-American' al-Jazeera amid Egypt protests". 2 February 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2012.
- Bell, Larry (8 Jan 2012). "Al Gore's Oil-Fueled Al-Jazeera Deal Follows A String Of Green Energy Fiascos". Forbes. Retrieved January 10, 2013.
- Nox Solutions (14 February 2011). "The O'Reilly Factor - Monday, February 14, 2011". BillOReilly.com. Bill O'Reilly. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
- "Al Jazeera English deletes anti-Semitic tweet on Trump and the Paris climate agreement". 31 May 2017.
- Bernstein, Joseph. "The Surprisingly Mainstream History Of The Internet's Favorite Anti-Semitic Image". BuzzFeed.
- "Al Jazeera Tweets—Then Deletes—Anti-Semitic Climate Change Cartoon - Washington Free Beacon". 31 May 2017.
- "Al Jazeera Sorry For 'Mistakenly' Tweeting Anti-Semitic Meme".
- Al Jazeera turning into private media organisation Gulf News
- Al-Jazeera's political independence questioned amid Qatar intervention, The Guardian
- Deconstructing Al Jazeera and its paymasters Let us build pakistan
- Al-Jazeera Gets Rap as Qatar Mouthpiece Bloomberg
- Qatari-owned Al Jazeera America makes its debut Reuters
- Robert, Booth (6 December 2010). "WikiLeaks cables claim al-Jazeera changed coverage to suit Qatari foreign policy". Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 20 December 2010. Retrieved 21 December 2010.
- Booth, Robert (5 December 2010). "WikiLeaks cables claim al-Jazeera changed coverage to suit Qatari foreign policy". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- "US embassy cables: Qatar using al-Jazeera as bargaining tool, claims US". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "US embassy cables: Al-Jazeera 'proves useful tool for Qatari political masters'". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "WikiLeaks: al-Jazeera 'used as bargaining tool by Qatar'". Telegraph.co.uk. 6 December 2010. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "QATAR/US/WIKILEAKS - WikiLeaks: Qatar using Al-Jazeera as diplomatic tool in Mideast".
- "Al Jazeera reporter resigns over "biased" Syria coverage". Al Akhbar English. 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Al Jazeera Journalist Explains Resignation over Syria and Bahrain Coverage". Therealnews.com. 2012-03-20. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Shocker: Al Jazeera's ignorant anti-India narrative". 21 August 2012.
- "Suliman: ′Al Jazeera plays the piper, but Qatar calls the tune′ - World - DW.COM - 24.12.2012". DW.COM. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung GmbH (11 December 2012). "Ein Abschied von Al Dschazira: Vergiss, was du gesehen hast!". FAZ.NET. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Walid Phared (2014). The Lost Spring. U.S. Policy in the Mideast and Catastropes to Avoid. Palgrave MacMillan. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-137-27903-3.
- "Al Jazeera exodus: Channel losing staff over 'bias'". RT International. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Al Jazeera reporter resigns over "biased" Syria coverage". Al Akhbar English. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Mohamed Hassan Shaban (10 July 2013). "22 resign from Al-Jazeera Egypt in protest over bias". Asharq Al-Awsat. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Jessica Chasmar (9 July 2013). "'We aired lies': Al-Jazeera staff quit over biased Egypt coverage". The Washington Times. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- Robert F. Worth (10 July 2013). "Egypt Is Arena for Influence of Arab Rivals". The New York Times. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
- "Al-Jazeera Staffers Quit Over Alleged Bias In Egypt Coverage". NPR.org. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Mass resignations at Al Jazeera over "biased" Egypt coverage". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Paul Farhi (8 July 2013). "Mideast journalists allege bias in al-Jazeera's reports on Morsi, Muslim Brotherhood". Washington Post. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Qatar Promoting Press Freedom At Event Sponsored By Its Own State-Run Propaganda Arm". Qatar Crisis News. 21 September 2017. Retrieved 21 September 2017.
- "aljazeera.com". Aljazeera. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Foul play: how al-Jazeera's live World Cup football coverage got in a jam" The Guardian, 29 September 2010
- Ajami, Fouad (18 November 2001). "What the Muslim World Is Watching". The New York Times.
- Oren Kessler. "The Two Faces of Al Jazeera". Middle East Forum. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Al Jazeera coming to America: Controversial network ready to hit U.S. TV markets". The Washingtion Times. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "BBC NEWS – Middle East – Israel accuses al-Jazeera of bias". BBC News. 12 March 2008. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- DPA (12 March 2008). "Israel to boycott Al-Jazeera TV, claiming incitement to terror". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Friedman, Matti (13 March 2008). "Israel imposes sanctions on Al-Jazeera". The Boston Globe.
- "Israel boycotts Al-Jazeera". Archived from the original on 20 October 2014. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Yoav Stern (15 April 2008). "Following Israel boycott, Al-Jazeera agrees to discuss coverage of Mideast conflict". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Gov't. Sanctions on al-Jazeera in Israel – Inside Israel". CBN. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "Al-Jazeera closed in West Bank". BBC News. 15 July 2009. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- AP: Ban on Al-Jazeera operations in West Bank lifted
- Kessler, Oren (16 August 2011). "IDF is holding Al Jazeera Kabul bureau chief in W. Bank". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Al Jazeera journalist held in Israeli prison". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Al-Jazeera journalist detained by Israel (15 August 2011). "Al-Jazeera journalist detained by Israel". CPJ. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Al-Jazeera reporter released from Israeli prison". Yahoo News. 27 September 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Harriet Sherwood. "Al-Jazeera journalist 'admits' Hamas links after detention in Israel". the Guardian. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- The Associated Press (26 September 2011). "Al-Jazeera Israel reporter admits to contacting Hamas agent". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Al Jazeera journalist admits to being Hamas operative". The Jerusalem Post - JPost.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- "Samer Allawi, Al-Jazeera Reporter Held By Israel, To Be Released". The Huffington Post. 26 September 2011. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Jazeera says Israeli court frees journalist Archived 26 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Al-Jazeera says Israeli court frees journalist". Maan News Agency. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Martin, Ali (2018-05-26). "Details of plan to fix Sri Lanka-England Test revealed by al-Jazeera". the Guardian. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- "Exclusive: Cricket match-fixers caught in the act in Sri Lanka". www.aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2018-05-29.
- Books of our Time: Al-Jazeera at Google Video; TV programme feat. Lawrence Velvel, Dean of the Mass. School of Law, interviewing author Hugh Miles who reveals a lot about the channel (a, c: 48:30, b: 55:00) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 15 January 2008. Retrieved 2006-11-25.
- El-Nawawy and Iskandar. Al-Jazeera: How the free Arab News Network Scooped the World and Changed the Middle East. Westview. cf.Further reading
- Nicolas Eliades. "The Rise of Al Jazeera" (PDF). Peace & Conflict Monitor. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 October 2006.
- RSF strongly condemns ban on al-Jazeera Archived 28 November 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Bahrain bans Al Jazeera TV". BBC News. 10 May 2002. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Bahrain blocks Al Jazeera team". Al Jazeera. 19 May 2010. Retrieved 31 December 2011.
- Ahmed Al Samany (2 November 2011). "حقوقي بحريني: "استقبال "العسكري" للملك رسال سيئة.. والجزيرة تجاهلت أحداث البحرين"". Tahrir newspaper. Archived from the original on 5 September 2015. Retrieved 27 December 2011.
- "TBSjournal.com". TBSjournal.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Ismail Elmokadem (12 May 2009). "Egypt's wild pig chase". Egypt Independent. Egypt. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Google.com". Google. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "albawaba.com". albawaba.com. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Lebanon's news portal - iloubnan.info". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Shadid, Anthony; Kirkpatrick, David D. (30 January 2011). "Opposition Rallies to ElBaradei as Military Reinforces in Cairo". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 31 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
- El Deeb, Sarah; Al-Shalchi, Hadeel (1 February 2011). "Egypt Crowds Unmoved by Mubarak's Vow Not To Run". Associated Press (via ABC News). Retrieved 1 February 2011.
- "Egypt Pulls Plug on Al Jazeera over Brotherhood Bias". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Egypt crisis: Al-Jazeera journalists arrested in Cairo". BBC News. 30 December 2013.
- "Egypt's president says will not interfere in judicial rulings". Reuters. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Who are the al-Jazeera journalists tried in Egypt?". bbc.com. BBC. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- Patrick Kingsley (13 February 2015). "Al-Jazeera journalists leave Egyptian prison on bail". theguardian.com. Cairo: The Guardian. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Journalist Fahmy to sue Al-Jazeera for Egypt 'negligence'". bbc.com. Cairo: BBC. 11 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- Stephen Kalin; Yara Bayoumy; Michael Georgy & Larry King (11 May 2015). "Al Jazeera journalist sues employer for negligence - lawyer". uk.reuters.com. Cairo: Reuters. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Egypt blocks 21 websites, including Al Jazeera: state news agency". Reuteurs. 24 May 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2017.
- "CPJ News Alert – Missing journalist's wife demands more information". Cpj.org. 3 April 2003. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Rumsfeld blames Al Jazeera over Iraq". Aljazeera. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Militia dig in as fighting rages in holy city The Sydney Morning Herald; published 9 August 2004
- Rawya Rageh (8 August 2004). "Iraqi government shuts Al-Jazeera station". media-alliance.org. Associated Press. Archived from the original on 23 December 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Iraq extends al-Jazeera ban and raids offices by Luke Harding; The Guardian; published Monday 6 September 2004
- Al-Jazeera Under Fire: IFJ Condemns Iraqi Ban and Canada’s "Bizarre" Restrictions International Federation of Journalists; published 6 September 2004
- "Iraq bans al-Jazeera and nine other TV channels over 'sectarian bias'". the Guardian. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Iraq Sunni unrest prompts TV channel licence suspension". BBC News. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Iraq Suspends Al Jazeera, Others, Accusing Them Of Inciting Violence". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Leader: Was George Bush serious about attack on al-Jazeera? - The Guardian - Guardian Unlimited". Archived from the original on 1 January 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- by Brent Bozell at 12:30 ET during the Fox Online program (YouTube video) Archived November 25, 2015, at the Wayback Machine.
- "MEMRI: Al-Jazeera TV Throws a Birthday Party for Released Lebanese Terrorist Samir Al-Quntar". MEMRITV - The Middle East Media Research Institute. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Clip Transcript". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Honoring Samir Kuntar Al-Jazeera threw terrorist Samir Kuntar a party upon his release last week".
- DPA (2008-03-12). "Israel to boycott Al-Jazeera TV, claiming incitement to terror Israel News". Haaretz. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Israel to sanction Al-Jazeera after it holds party to honor released child-killer". Archived from the original on 2013-12-04.
- "VIDEO Al-Jazeera Admits to 'Unethical' Behavior Over Kuntar Party". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Al-Jazeera apologizes to Israel for celebrating murderer of Israeli children".
- Perspectives on war. By Hickey, Neil, Columbia Journalism Review, 1 March 2002
- "Following Israel boycott, Al-Jazeera agrees to discuss coverage of Mideast conflict". haaretz.com. 18 April 2008. Retrieved 28 May 2014.
- "Israel to Boycott Al-Jazeera TV, Claiming Incitement to Terror". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Israel boycotts Al-Jazeera Archived October 20, 2014, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Following Israel Boycott, Al-Jazeera Agrees to Discuss Coverage of Mideast Conflict". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "ARTICLE RETRACTED". al-Jazeera.com. 25 February 2015. Retrieved 27 February 2015.
- "Al Jazeera's absurd headline". Israel National News. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
- The Real News Network. "Kuwait shuts down Al Jazeera office". The Real News Network. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Secretary of Legal Affairs and Human Rights at General People's Congress Meets Delegation of Mediterranean Human Rights Lawyers Association". Danielnouri.org. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "The Institute for Gulf Affairs | The Institute for Gulf Affairs". Gulfinstitute.org. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- Baker, Aryn (24 May 2011). "A Champion of the Arab Spring, Why is al-Jazeera Shortchanging Bahrain?". Time.
- "Asia Times Online :: Middle East News, Iraq, Iran current affairs". Atimes.com. 2011-04-02. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- ""Airstrikes in Libya did not take place" – Russian military — RT News". Rt.com. 2011-03-01. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- ""Qatar to 'prosecute perpetrators' of QNA hacking". aljazeera.com. 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- ""Websites of Al Jazeera, Qatari newspapers blocked in Saudi Arabia and UAE"". english.alarabiya.net. 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- (in English) aljazeera.com
- "Somali Press Review". Archived from the original on 28 June 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Al-Jazeera Arrest CNN; published 5 September 2003
- Spanish judge orders Al-Jazeera reporter to jail by Mar Roman; Associated Press; published Thursday, 11 September 2003
- Aljazeera reporter placed in detention[permanent dead link] Al Jazeera; published Wednesday, 19 January 2005
- Special Reports – Taysir Alluni Al Jazeera
- "A fight for justice". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- e.g. Al Jazeera journalist re-arrested 10 days before trial verdict
- "Al-Jazeera Gets Rap as Qatar Mouthpiece". Bloomberg.
- "Ex-employee: Al Jazeera provided Syrian rebels with satphones — RT News". Rt.com. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- "Syria's Electronic Warriors Hit Al Jazeera". Al Akhbar English. 2012-02-24. Retrieved 2014-08-13.
- An exclusive interview with a news editor of Al-Jazeera Channel at AxisOfLogin
- An exclusive interview with a news editor of Al-Jazeera Channel at FilmBoxOffice
- Al-Jazeera: News channel in the news BBC News; published Saturday, 29 March 2003
- Dysch, Marcus (9 October 2017). "Ofcom rejects complaints against Al Jazeera over undercover documentary on 'the Israel lobby'". The Jewish Chronicle. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Ruddick, Graham (9 October 2017). "Ofcom clears al-Jazeera of antisemitism in exposé of Israeli official". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Chavez, Aida; Grim, Ryan (10 October 2017). "An Al Jazeera reporter went undercover with the pro-Israel lobby in Washington". The Intercept. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- The Christian Science Monitor (25 March 2003). "World and America watching different wars". The Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Colin Powell, news conference with Sheik Hamad bin Khalifa Thani, 3 October 2901, Washington, D.C.
- FAIR (December 2001). "Patriotism & Censorship:"Reining in" journalism".
- Vedantam, Shankar (31 January 2005). "Qatar Advances Plans To Privatize Al-Jazeera". Washington Post. Retrieved 23 April 2010.
- "Al Jazeera Kabul offices hit in U.S. raid". BBC News. 13 November 2001. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- Purnick, Joyce (27 March 2003). "Metro Matters; Censorship Is Patriotism To Big Board". The New York Times. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- "Al Jazeera banned from NYSE floor". Arab Press Freedom Watch. Archived from the original on 24 November 2005.
- Bhatnagar, Parija (25 March 2003). "Al Jazeera ousted from NYSE". CNN.
- "Al Jazeera banned from two Wall Street exchanges". Pbs.org. 26 March 2003. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "Al Jazeera Timeline". Journalism. 22 August 2006. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- "CRS Report for Congress" (PDF). United States Department of State. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 January 2010. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- "Al Jazeera Denied Akamai Services". Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Archived from the original on 7 November 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- Kauffman, Casey (13 October 2008). "Misconceptions of Obama fuel Republican campaign – 13 Oct 08". Al Jazeera.
- Tony Burman (24 October 2008). "Letter to The Washington Post".
- King, Colbert I. (18 October 2008). "A Rage No One Should Be Stoking". Washington Post.
- Jim Rutenberg (3 April 2003). "A NATION AT WAR: MIDEAST NEWS; Arab TV Curtails Coverage After Move by Iraq". New York Times. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Al Jazeera proves pro-American". Voice of Russia. 14 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Maggie Michael (20 September 2011). "Wadah Khanfar, Al Jazeera Chief, Resigns". Huffington Post. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Julia Loffe (September–October 2010). "What Is Russia Today?". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Foe to friend – changed US stance on Al Jazeera". RT. 22 September 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "'Al-Jazeera serves Israeli interests'". PressTV. 11 November 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- "Al-Jazeera slammed for biased coverage". PressTV. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
- Matthew Luke versus Al Jazeera America and Osman Mahmud (PDF) (Report). Deadline.com. NYSCEF Doc. No. 2. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
- Brian Flood (April 28, 2015). "Fired Al Jazeera America Employee Seeks $15 Million in Lawsuit". TVNewser. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Brian Flood (April 29, 2015). "Former Al Jazeera America employee claims he was fired after complaining about sexism, anti-Semitism". nydailynews.com. New York Daily News. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Kludt, Tom (30 April 2015). "Al Jazeera America exec tells staff that he will fight lawsuit". CNN Money. Retrieved 1 May 2015.
- Steinberg, Brian (4 May 2015). "Marcy McGinnis, Senior Al Jazeera America Executive, Leaves Network". Variety.com. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Al Jazeera America appoints new CEO". POLITICO. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- Bond, Shannon (8 May 2015). "Al Jazeera America: Qatar's ambitions struggle on US screens". Financial Times. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Al Jazeera America to Shut Down by April". The New York Times. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Al Jazeera 'hit by missile'". BBC News. 8 April 2003. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- "U.S. Bombing Raid Kills Three Journalists in Baghdad". Fox News. 8 April 2003. Retrieved 12 April 2012.
- The war on Al Jazeera Comment by Dima Tareq Tahboub, the widow of Tareq Ayyoub, The Guardian, 4 October 2003
- Under Pressure, Qatar May Sell Jazeera Station, The New York Times, 30 January 2005
- "U.K. charges official over memo leak". MSNBC. 22 November 2005. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
- Kessler, Oren (18 February 2017). Twitter https://twitter.com/OrenKessler/status/833128302751653889. Missing or empty
- Twitter. Al Jazeera News. 18 February 2017 https://twitter.com/AJENews/status/833107606608691202. Missing or empty
- AbuKhalil, As'ad (February 20, 2017). "Tributes for `Umar `Abdul-Raman by Gulf regimes". The Angry Arab News Service/وكالة أنباء العربي الغاضب.
- "Reporters sans frontières - United States". Archived from the original on 5 March 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Reporters sans frontières - Annual Worldwide Press Freedom Index - 2006". Archived from the original on 6 March 2009. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Reporters sans frontières -". Archived from the original on March 9, 2008. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- More news is good news at New Age BD
- "BBC NEWS - Americas - Freed Guantanamo prisoner is home". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "The dark side: The secret world of sports doping". Al Jazeera English. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Documentary links Peyton Manning, other pro athletes to use of PEDs". ESPN.com. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Al Jazeera reporter stresses that no allegation is being made against Peyton Manning | ProFootballTalk". Pro Football Talk. Retrieved 2016-02-08.
- "Explosive Documentary Links Peyton Manning, Major Athletes To Doping Ring". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Transcript: Peyton Manning interviews with ESPN's Lisa Salters". Denverbroncos.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- Sports. "Charlie Sly recants statements about Peyton Manning". Business Insider. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- Cleary, Tom. "Charlie Sly: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Heavy.com. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Documentary links Peyton Manning, other pro athletes to use of PEDs". WABC-TV. 2013-05-01. Retrieved 2015-12-29.
- "Report: Peyton Manning turns to Ari Fleischer in wake of HGH doc". CBSSports.com. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
- "Brennan: What's latest on NFL investigation into Peyton Manning HGH allegations?".
- "Ryan Zimmerman, Ryan Howard suing Al Jazeera after steroid story". Yahoo Sports.
- Rosen, Armin (20 January 2017). "Pro-Israel Hoaxer Hits DC". Tablet. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "ZOA says it stopped 'anti-Semitic' Al Jazeera docuseries on US Jewish lobby". The Times of Israel. 10 April 2018. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Eisenbud, Daniel K. (10 October 2017). "Undercover Reporter in US Pro-Israel Groups". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Tibon, Amir (11 October 2017). "Al Jazeera Admits to Planting Undercover Reporter in U.S. pro-Israel Organizations". Haaretz. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- "Al Jazeera planted undercover reporter in US pro-Israel groups". The Times of Israel. Jewish Telegraphic Agency. 10 October 2017. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Tibon, Amir (8 February 2018). "Qatar Promised U.S. Jewish Leaders: Al Jazeera Documentary on D.C. 'Israel Lobby' Won't Air". Haaretz. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Surkes, Sue (8 February 2018). "American pro-Israel lobby girds for Al Jazeera exposé". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Swisher, Clayton (8 March 2018). "We Made A Documentary Exposing The 'Israel Lobby.' Why Hasn't It Run?". The Forward. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Allison, Bill (7 March 2018). "Lawmakers Push for U.S. Review of Al Jazeera as Foreign Agent". Bloomberg News. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Harb, Ali (9 March 2018). "Al Jazeera journalist calls out network over 'delays' in airing Israel lobby documentary". Middle East Eye. Retrieved 11 April 2018.
- Wilner, Michael (6 March 2018). "Congressmen ask Justice Department to weigh Al Jazeera as foreign agent". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 11 April 2018.