||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (September 2015)|
Al Jourgensen at São Paulo, Brazil during 2015.
|Birth name||Alejandro Ramírez Casas|
|Also known as||The Alien, Alien Jourgensen, Hypo Luxa, Dog, Alien Dog Star, Buck Satan, Uncle Al, Enchanted Al|
October 9, 1958 |
Alejandro Ramírez "Al" Jourgensen (born October 9, 1958), is a Cuban-American musician and music producer, best known as the founder and frontman of the industrial metal band Ministry. He is sometimes credited as Alain Jourgensen, Alien Jourgensen, Uncle Al, Hypo Luxa (his alias as a producer), Dog, Alien Dog Star and Buck Satan. He is a member and/or founder of several industrial rock bands, performing as a singer, guitarist or keyboard player.
Alejandro Ramírez Casas was born in Havana to Cuban parents in 1958. Soon after, he relocated to the United States to live with his mother and his Norwegian stepfather, who changed the family's name to "Jourgensen." Jourgensen's stepfather was a stock car driver, as well as a mechanic for Formula One driver Dan Gurney. Jourgensen was raised in Chicago, Illinois and Breckenridge, Colorado, and was a fan of artists such as Liberace, The Beatles, Black Sabbath, Hawkwind, Pink Floyd, Can, Kraftwerk, The Rolling Stones, Led Zeppelin, Kitty Wells, Buck Owens, George Jones, Charlie Parker, Charles Mingus, and Miles Davis.
Jourgensen eventually attended the University of Illinois - Chicago, after briefly enrolling at both the University of Northern Colorado and the University of Colorado. He worked as a radio DJ after college, until he decided to pursue a career as a professional musician.
Jourgensen formed Ministry in 1981 after he left the band Special Affect, which was a new wave/synthpop band (notably including Frankie Nardiello, founding member (as Groovie Mann) of My Life With The Thrill Kill Kult and drummer Harry Rushakoff of Concrete Blonde). Early singles by Ministry and Jourgensen's other projects were released on Wax Trax! Records. He also produced Skinny Puppy's Rabies album. During that time, Jourgensen befriended Nivek Ogre, who later toured with Ministry.
The band broke into the mainstream with 1992's Psalm 69: The Way to Succeed and the Way to Suck Eggs album. One of its tracks, "N.W.O.", was nominated for a 1993 Grammy Award for Best Metal Performance, losing to Nine Inch Nails' "Wish". However, its next album, Filth Pig (1995), divided their fanbase, leading to a commercial decline that became evident when Warner Bros. Records dropped Ministry from the record label in 2001.
Ministry's next albums, Rio Grande Blood (2006) and The Last Sucker (2007,) as well as the 2006 Revolting Cocks album Cocked and Loaded, were released on Jourgensen's new record label, 13th Planet Records. He formed this label after falling out with the mainstream agendas of major industry labels.
Well, first of all, I hung up on him. I thought it was a crank call. His secretary was calling and I was like, 'Yeah, right.' Click. And then he called back personally and then talked to me, and I was just freaked out. I mean, who wouldn't be freaked out? Here's this eccentric American God living in the countryside of England, and he's calling me up in Austin, Texas, and saying he wants me to do the music for his film and he wants me to be in his film and he's famous and all that. I didn't even believe it.
Ministry continued its involvement with the film project after Kubrick's death, and Jourgensen revealed that after initial tension, he and Steven Spielberg enjoyed a friendly relationship, with two compositions appearing on the soundtrack: "What About Us" and "Dead Practice".
A number of his songs also appear in other films, such as Wicked Lake (2008)—produced by Fever Dreams and ZP Studios—for which he composed the entire soundtrack that was released on his own 13th Planet record label—he also makes a small appearance in the film as an art school teacher.
In a November 2008 issue of Hustler Magazine, Jourgensen announced that Ministry was officially finished, as the band "[took] up so much time" and releasing new albums was difficult. He also explained that he was responsible for six other bands and could complete seven albums within a year when he was not working on new Ministry material. However, despite Jourgensen's insistence that Ministry would never return, a reunion was announced on August 7, 2011. A new album, entitled Relapse, was released on March 26, 2012.
Revolting Cocks, also known as RevCo, is an American industrial rock band that began as a musical side-project for Richard 23 of Front 242, Luc Van Acker, and Jourgensen. The band took their name after being involved in a fight in a Chicago bar in 1983: Jourgensen, Richard 23 and Van Acker, celebrating the formation of their new band with a few drinks, ended the evening in a brawl, with bar stools thrown through the windows. As he ejected the trio, the owner, a man Jourgensen recalls was named Dess, shouted, "I'm calling the police! You guys are a bunch of revolting cocks!" The trio decided to use the name for their band.
The band have changed lineups several times. RevCo currently features Jourgensen (guitars, keyboards, programming, background vocals, producer), Josh Bradford (vocals, background vocals), Sin Quirin (guitars, bass, keyboards) and Clayton Worbeck (keyboards, programming, mixing, bass). Their seventh album Sex-O Olympic-O, which was produced by Jourgensen at his studio, was released on his 13th Planet label in March 2009—the follow-up album Got Cock? was released in March 2010 on the same label.
Other bands and projects
During the late 1980s, Jourgensen started short-lived a side project named 1000 Homo DJs, under the pseudonym Buck Satan. 1000 Homo DJs released two singles, including a cover of Black Sabbath's "Supernaut." Also in 1989, Jourgensen was involved in Acid Horse, a collaboration between the members of Ministry and Cabaret Voltaire. In 2015, Jourgensen announced that he started "a speed metal project" named Surgical Meth Machine with engineer and longtime collaborator Sam D’Ambruoso.
Jourgensen and Paul Barker of Ministry worked as a music production team under the names Hypo Luxa and Hermes Pan, producing their own work as well as other Wax Trax! Records acts. Jourgensen also produced music for Reverend Horton Heat, Skinny Puppy, Dessau, Skrew, Rigor Mortis, The Blackouts, and DethRok. Jourgensen's recording complex for the 13th Planet label was located within his former home in El Paso, Texas, U.S.
Jourgensen was married to Patty Marsh from 1984 to 2002 and has a daughter from the marriage, Adrienne, who was born on April 13, 1985. In July 2014, Jourgensen announced that he and his wife of 12 years, Angelina Lukacin, who cofounded the 13th Planet record label, were divorced.
In 1995, police raided Ministry's Texas headquarters and Jourgensen was arrested for possession of heroin. He received a five-year probation sentence. Jourgensen was dependent upon heroin for twenty years. Jourgensen's second wife, Angelina, helped him kick his heavy drug (heroin, methadone, crack, pills) habit, and as of 2013, he limited his intake to beer, wine and marijuana.
Jourgensen underwent two serious surgeries that became publicly known. He almost lost his arm and foot in two separate incidents—the first due to a spider bite, the second issue the result of a hypodermic needle wound.
with Revolting Cocks
|Date of Release||Title||Label|
|1986||Big Sexy Land||Wax Trax!|
|1988||You Goddamned Son of a Bitch - Live||Wax Trax!|
|1990||Beers, Steers, and Queers||Wax Trax!|
|1993||Linger Ficken' Good||Sire/Reprise/Warner Bros. Records|
|2006||Cocked and Loaded||13th Planet Records/Megaforce Records|
|2007||Cocktail Mixxx||13th Planet Records/Megaforce Records|
|2009||Sex-O Olympic-O||13th Planet Records/Megaforce Records|
|2009||Sex-O MiXXX-O||13th Planet Records/Megaforce Records|
|2010||Got Cock?||13th Planet Records/Megaforce Records|
|Date of Release||Title||Label|
|1989||The Power of Lard||Alternative Tentacles|
|1990||The Last Temptation of Reid||Alternative Tentacles|
|1997||Pure Chewing Satisfaction||Alternative Tentacles|
|2000||70's Rock Must Die||Alternative Tentacles|
with Buck Satan and the 666 Shooters
|Date of Release||Title||Label|
|2011||Bikers Welcome Ladies Drink Free||13th Planet Records|
- 'Ministry: the Lost Gospels According to Al Jourgensen
- Wiederhorn, Jon. "Ministry’s Last Stand Brings Al Jourgensen 'From Beer to Eternity'". Noisey Vice. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Kaufman, Spencer (January 19, 2014). "Ministry Mastermind Al Jourgensen to Enter Rehab for Alcohol Abuse". Loudwire. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- Dean, John. "Before They Were Metal". Noisey Vice. Retrieved August 4, 2015.
- [dead link]
- "The Wicked Soundtrack By Al Jourgensen (Based on the Film "Wicked Lake") Various Artists". iTunes Preview. Apple, Inc. 25 November 2008. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Wicked Lake (2008)". IMDb. IMDb.com, Inc. 1990–2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Hustler. November 2008.
- Greg Prato (25 March 2012). "Ministry 'Relapse' Once Again". Rolling Stone. Jann S. Wenner. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Al Jourgensen: Sex-O Olympic-O". SuicideGirls.com. 12 March 2009. Archived from the original on 16 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-12..
- CYRUS_CRASHTEST (12 March 2010). "CD Review: Revolting Cocks – ‘Got Cock?’". soundsphere. soundsphere magazine. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Raggett, Ned. "1000 Homo DJs - Supernaut". Allmusic. Retrieved November 4, 2013.
- True, Chris. "Acid Horse". Allmusic. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- Hartmann, Graham (February 26, 2015). "Ministry’s Al Jourgensen Announces Speed Metal Project Surgical Meth Machine Read More: Al Jourgensen Announces New Project Surgical Meth Machine". Loudwire. Retrieved August 3, 2015.
- "Reverend Horton Heat, The* – Liquor In The Front". Discogs. Discogs. 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Skinny Puppy – Rabies". Discogs. Discogs. 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Dessau – Dessau". Discogs. Discogs. 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- Dimitris Kontogeorgakos (14 February 2012). "RIGOR MORTIS Tap Al Jourgensen As Producer". Metal Kaoz. Metal Kaoz. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Blackouts, The – History In Reverse". Discogs. Discogs. 2013. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- jason (15 September 2008). "AL JOURGENSEN'S 13TH PLANET TO RELEASE "WICKED LAKE" SOUNDTRACK". The Gauntlet. The Gauntlet. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- danlowlite (9 October 2002). "Al Jourgensen". Everything2. Everything2 Media, LLC. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
- "Ministry Founder Jourgensen Undergoes Foot Surgery". Contactmusic.com. Contactmusic.com Ltd. 14 December 2009. Retrieved 17 June 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Al Jourgensen.|
- Al Jourgensen
- "Ministry's War on Bush". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2006-06-12.
- Roberts, Michael (2003-04-10). "So What? Ministry isn't on a major label anymore, but Al Jourgensen still loves his job". Dallas Observer.
- Al Jourgensen discography at Discogs