Al Noor Mosque, Christchurch

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Al Noor Mosque
مسجد النور‎‎
Christchurch Mosque, New Zealand.jpg
Al Noor Mosque in 2019
Religion
AffiliationSunni
Location
LocationChristchurch, Canterbury, New Zealand
Al Noor Mosque, Christchurch is located in Christchurch, New Zealand
Al Noor Mosque, Christchurch
Location in Christchurch
Geographic coordinates43°31′58.6″S 172°36′42.2″E / 43.532944°S 172.611722°E / -43.532944; 172.611722Coordinates: 43°31′58.6″S 172°36′42.2″E / 43.532944°S 172.611722°E / -43.532944; 172.611722

The Al Noor Mosque (Arabic: مسجد النور‎‎, Masjid al-Noor) is a Sunni mosque in the Christchurch suburb of Riccarton in New Zealand. It was the primary target of the Christchurch mosque shootings of 15 March 2019.

History[edit]

The Al Noor Mosque was built in 1984–1985 by the Muslim Association of Canterbury, an organization founded in 1977 that also manages the mosque building.[1][2] The Saudi Arabian government donated NZ$460,000 towards its construction.[3]

In 2003, the Christchurch Muslim community organised a "National Māori Muslim Day" at the mosque.[4] By 2015, the mosque had 550 members.[3]

Terror attacks[edit]

Al Noor Mosque after the terror attacks, with flowers placed along the top of the fence.

On 15 March 2019, the site was a target in the Christchurch mosque shootings.[5] Of the 51 people fatally shot overall in the attack, 44 victims died in Al Noor.[6][7][8] The mosque reopened on 23 March.[9]

Controversies[edit]

In 2003, controversy arose within the local Muslim community over the mosque's management. The arrival of new members of Arab and Somali origin sparked tension with the earlier members of South Asian origin, who have a different culture and have a different interpretation of Islam.[10]

In 2014, an Australian convert was alleged by his mother and stepfather that he was introduced to radical Islam at Al Noor before going to Yemen to join al-Qaeda, an allegation denied by Hisham el-Zeiny, the mosque's imam.[11][12][13][14][15] The president of the Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand, Anwar Ghani, said that mosque officials had told a Salafi follower not to promote his views there.[14] El-Zeiny said that many Muslims were angry about US drone strikes in Yemen and that the mosque's leadership was "spending most of [its] time trying to lessen the effect."[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kolig, Erich (2009). New Zealand's Muslims and Multiculturalism. Brill. p. 33. ISBN 978-90-474-4070-3. The Canterbury Muslim Association (MAC) was established in Christchurch in 1977 … and was able to build a mosque … in 1985. In recent years, for a while, it was seriously disrupted by internal wrangling over the management of the mosque and centre.
  2. ^ "Media Must Play a Positive Role in Bringing Communities Together: Imam Gamal of Masjid Al Noor, Christchurch". Migrant Times. Christchurch, NZ. 4 September 2016. Archived from the original on 18 March 2019. This mosque – Masjid Al Noor – is managed by MAC.
  3. ^ a b Matthewson, Nicole (3 December 2015). "Fighting, Killing 'Not the Muslim Way'". The Press. Christchurch, NZ. Retrieved 20 March 2019. Jackson, of the National Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies … said … ‘Just because they were attending a mosque at the time, doesn't mean the mosque was connected.’ … Morris, a specialist in world religions, said … ‘It creates an opportunity for these issues to be raised and addressed.’
  4. ^ Drury, Abdullah (2016). "Islam's History and Integration in the New Zealand Society: A Convert's View". In Kolig, Erich; Voyce, Malcolm (eds.). Muslim Integration: Pluralism and Multiculturalism in New Zealand and Australia. Lexington Books. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-4985-4354-5.
  5. ^ Liotta, Edoardo; Borrowdale, James (15 March 2019). "Terrorism in Christchurch: One of New Zealand's 'Darkest Days'". Vice. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  6. ^ Dudding, Adam; Hartevelt, John (15 March 2019). "The End of Our Innocence". Stuff.co.nz. Archived from the original on 20 March 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2019. By now, 41 people were dead or dying, and a similar number had been injured.… Hundreds of mourners gathered at the Deans Avenue mosque.
  7. ^ Perry, Nick; Williams, Juliet (17 March 2019). "Mourners Pay Tribute to New Zealand Victims, Await Burials". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 17 March 2019.
  8. ^ Bayer, Kurt; Leasl, Anna (24 August 2020). "Christchurch mosque terror attack sentencing: Gunman Brenton Tarrant planned to attack three mosques". New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 24 August 2020.
  9. ^ Davison, Isaac (23 March 2019). "Al Noor and Linwood mosques re-open a week after massacre". NZ Herald. news.com.au. Retrieved 13 November 2019.
  10. ^ Kolig, Erich (2009). New Zealand's Muslims and Multiculturalism. Brill. pp. 225, 227. ISBN 978-90-474-4070-3. ‘Fundamentalists’ and ‘Moderates’ Fighting over the Christchurch Mosque and Halal Meat… In 2003, an argument over the control of the Al-Noor mosque in Christchurch led to warnings in the popular press of alleged links to terrorism and Islamic extremism among some factions within the Muslim community.
  11. ^ a b Schwartz, Dominique (4 June 2014). "Australian Killed in Yemen Drone Strike Not Radicalised in New Zealand, Says Muslim Preacher". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). Sydney. A Muslim preacher in New Zealand has denied suggestions an Australian man killed in Yemen was radicalised at a Christchurch mosque.… Havard’s mother Bronwyn Dowrick and step-father Neill Dowrick told 7.30 their troubled son … had encountered radical Islam after moving to New Zealand.
  12. ^ Wall, Tony; Ensor, Blair; Vance, Andrea (27 July 2014). "A Kiwi Lad's Death by Drone". Sunday Star-Times. Auckland. Archived from the original on 27 July 2014. [Daryl] Jones was killed alongside Australian Christopher Havard, whose parents said he was introduced to radical Islam at the Al-Noor mosque in Christchurch. Mosque leaders confirmed Havard stayed there and studied in 2011, but denied radical teaching took place.
  13. ^ "Christchurch Mosque Linked to al-Qaida Suspect". Newshub. Auckland. 4 June 2014. His parents … say their son told them he was first taught radical Islam at the Al Noor mosque…. ‘[He was] no different than other people,’ says mosque president Mohamed Jama. ‘He was a normal man.’
  14. ^ a b Ensor, Blair; Wall, Tony; Vance, Andrea (28 July 2014). "Suspected Terrorist's Brother Rebuked". The Press. Christchurch, NZ. Nathan Jones … objected to what the speaker was telling the congregation and heckled him, Federation of Islamic Associations of New Zealand president Dr Anwar Ghani told Fairfax Media.… ‘[Jones was] told that … if you have those views [then] keep it to yourself – we don’t want to hear it here.
  15. ^ Zeiny, Hisham el (4 June 2014). "Chrischurch [sic] Imam Responds". Checkpoint (Interview). Riccarton, NZ: Radio New Zealand. [Respondent]: ‘I’ve never seen or heard from any radical people here at the mosque.’

External links[edit]