Al Rayyan

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This article is about the municipality in Qatar. For the name, see Rayan. For the Lebanese football club, see Al Rayyan Beirut. For the Saudi village, see Ar Rayyan, Saudi Arabia.
Al-Rayyan
الريان
Municipality
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Coordinates (Al-Rayyan): 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37Coordinates: 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37
Country  Qatar
Capital Al-Rayyan
Area
 • Total 5,814 km2 (2,245 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 468,695
 • Density 81/km2 (210/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code QA-RA
Website Al Rayyan

Al-Rayyan (Arabic: الريان‎) is the largest municipality in the state of Qatar. Al Rayyan means 'the source of irrigation' and as per Islam it also means 'a door in heaven' or 'one of the Gates of Paradise'. Its largest settlement is the town of the same name.

Al-Rayyan is bordered by the following municipalities:

History[edit]

Agriculture near Al Rayyan.

Al Rayyan Municipality was created as an independent municipal administration, under the Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning by virtue of law No.19/1972 issued in 1979, stating, in its first article, the creation of municipalities in Qatar under the Ministry of Municipal Affairs. In its second article, the law stated that each of these municipalities shall have a council headed by one person and comprising at least four members nominated by decree.

Among the most important regions and districts of Al Rayyan Municipality: Al-Wajba, al-Shakab, al-Rayyan, Maeedher, al-Ghorafa, Ein Khaled, Marrikh, al-Shahaniya, al-Khurayb, al-Nasraniya, al-Outouriya, al-Jamilya, aldoha

Since 2004, Al Jumaliyah municipality was merged with Al Rayyan municipality; Jarayan al Batnah was split between municipality Al Rayyan and municipality Al Wakrah.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1986[2][3] 91,996 —    
1997[2][3] 169,774 +84.5%
2004[2][3] 272,860 +60.7%
c-census; e-estimate

The following table is a breakdown of registered live births by nationality and sex for Al Rayyan. Places of birth are based on the home municipality of the mother at birth.[4][5]

Registered live births by nationality and sex
Year Qatari Non-Qatari Total
M F Total M F Total M F Total
2001 1409 1377 2786 926 931 1857 2335 2308 4643
2002 1472 1357 2829 942 932 1874 2414 2289 4703
2003 1468 1421 2889 945 876 1821 2413 2297 4710
2004 1681 1567 3248 1063 1006 2069 2744 2573 5317
2005 1662 1616 3278 1233 1135 2368 2895 2751 5646
2006 1738 1654 3392 1290 1216 2506 3028 2870 5898
2007 1865 1838 3703 1457 1357 2814 3322 3195 6517
2008 1975 1990 3965 1735 1635 3370 3710 3625 7335
2009 1774 1629 3403 1948 1777 3725 3722 3406 7128

Administration[edit]

Al Rayyan Municipality was established in 1972.[6] The following administrative zones are found in Al Rayyan Municipality:[1]

Zone Area (km²) Population (2010)
Al Gharrafa
Gharrafat Al Rayyan
Izghawa
Bani Hajer
Al Seej
Rawdat Egdaim
Al Themaid
80.6 46,976
Al Luqta
Lebday
Old Al Rayyan
Al Shagub
Fereej Al Zaeem
13.4 20,416
New Al Rayyan
Al Wajbah
Muaither
103.3 76,291
Fereej Al Amir
Luaib
Muraikh
Baaya
Mehairja
Fereej Al Soudan
18.1 23,591
Fereej Al Soudan
Al Waab
Al Aziziya
New Fereej Al Ghanim
Fereej Al Murra
Fereej Al Manaseer
Bu Sidra
Muaither
Al Sailiya
Al Mearad
89.9 138,573
Fereej Al Asiri
New Fereej Al Khulaifat
Bu Samra
Al Mamoura
Bu Hamour
Mesaimeer
Ain Khaled
64.9 85,906
Al Utouriya 648.5 1,060
Al Jemailiya 626.2 1,706
Al-Shahaniya 287.2 35,393
Mebaireek 198.6 11,333
Rawdat Rashed 454.1 6,046
Al Karaana 551.7 1,567
Umm Bab 495.2 6,194
Al Nasraniya 423.2 1,043
Dukhan 365.0 11,520
Abu Samra 824.9 1,065
Sawda Natheel 569.8 15
Municipality 5814.7 468,695

Landmarks and historic sites[edit]

  1. There are several types of ancient castles.
  2. Tower Park and Aspire.
  3. Number of universities, colleges and institutes of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development (Qatar Foundation).
  4. Number of sports clubs (Al Rayyan - Gharafa - Muaither - Sailiya)
  5. Many public gardens and parks.
  6. Racing and Equestrian Club.
  7. Circuit racing.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Census 2010". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  2. ^ a b c "Population from 1986–2009". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c "Population and social statistics". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  4. ^ "Population statistics". Qatar Information Exchange. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  5. ^ "Qatar Statistics Authority website". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  6. ^ "Al Rayyan Municipality". Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning. Retrieved 28 June 2015.