Al Rayyan

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Al-Rayyan
الريان
Municipality
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Map of Qatar with Al-Rayyan highlighted
Coordinates (Al-Rayyan): 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37Coordinates: 25°19′N 51°22′E / 25.32°N 51.37°E / 25.32; 51.37
Country  Qatar
Capital Al-Rayyan
Government
 • Mayor Rashid Hamad Al-Hajri
Area
 • Total 2,450 km2 (950 sq mi)
Population (2015)[1]
 • Total 605,712
 • Density 250/km2 (640/sq mi)
  entire municipality
Time zone AST (UTC+3)
ISO 3166 code QA-RA
Website Al Rayyan

Al-Rayyan (Arabic: الريان‎‎) also Ar Rayyan is the third-largest municipality in the state of Qatar. Al Rayyan means 'the source of irrigation' and as per Islam it also means 'a door in heaven' or 'one of the Gates of Paradise'. Its primary settlement is the town of the same name, which largely surrounds Doha city and functions as a suburb, with vast expanse of undeveloped lands administered by the municipality. Al-Rayyan is bordered by the following municipalities:

History[edit]

Agriculture near Al Rayyan.
Al Dossari Zoo in Al Rayyan.

Al Rayyan Municipality was created as an independent municipal administration by the Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning in 1972.[2]

Since 2004, Al Jumaliyah municipality was merged with Al Rayyan municipality; Jarayan al Batnah was split between municipality Al Rayyan and municipality Al Wakrah, Doha Industrial Area split off, Zone 58 of Doha is an enclave in Ar Rayyan.[3]

In 2014, the western city of Al-Shahaniya was dissociated from Al Rayyan Municipality to form its own municipality. Integrating approximately 35% of Al Rayyan's area into the new municipality, some of Al Rayyan's western localities such as Al Gharbiam, Al Utouriya, Al Jemailiya, Umm Bab, Rawdat Rashed, Al Nasraniya, Dukhan and Al Khurayb were also included in the new municipality.[4]

Infrastructure[edit]

As of 2015, there are 199 schools, 507 mosques, 26 health care facilities, and 51 community centers or malls operating within the municipality.[5]

A massive labor camp in the Umm Al Afai area with a capacity for 21,000 workers was announced in 2013. The project was reported to cost QAR 122 million.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1986[7][8] 91,996 —    
1997C[7][8] 169,774 +84.5%
2004C[7][8] 272,860 +60.7%
2010C[9] 392,661 +43.9%
2015C[1] 605,712 +54.3%
c-census; e-estimate

Note: 2010 adjusted figures here, 2015 preliminary figures

The following table is a breakdown of registered live births by nationality and sex for Al Rayyan. Places of birth are based on the home municipality of the mother at birth.[10][11]

Registered live births by nationality and sex
Year Qatari Non-Qatari Total
M F Total M F Total M F Total
2001 1409 1377 2786 926 931 1857 2335 2308 4643
2002 1472 1357 2829 942 932 1874 2414 2289 4703
2003 1468 1421 2889 945 876 1821 2413 2297 4710
2004 1681 1567 3248 1063 1006 2069 2744 2573 5317
2005 1662 1616 3278 1233 1135 2368 2895 2751 5646
2006 1738 1654 3392 1290 1216 2506 3028 2870 5898
2007 1865 1838 3703 1457 1357 2814 3322 3195 6517
2008 1975 1990 3965 1735 1635 3370 3710 3625 7335
2009 1774 1629 3403 1948 1777 3725 3722 3406 7128

Administration[edit]

Al Rayyan Municipality was established in 1972.[12] As of 2017, Rashid Hamad Al-Hajri is the mayor of Al Rayyan Municipality.[13]

Census zones[edit]

Al Gharafa interchange in Al Rayyan.
A camel farm in Bani Hajer.
Barwa City in Mesaimeer.

The following administrative zones are found in Al Rayyan Municipality as of 2015:[1]

Zone Area (km²) Population (2015)
Al Gharrafa
Gharrafat Al Rayyan
Izghawa
Bani Hajer
Al Seej
Rawdat Egdaim
Al Themaid
80.9 56,027
Al Luqta
Lebday
Old Al Rayyan
Al Shagub
Fereej Al Zaeem
13.4 18,433
New Al Rayyan
Al Wajbah
Muaither
110.9 77,875
Fereej Al Amir
Luaib
Muraikh
Baaya
Mehairja
Fereej Al Soudan
18.1 24,593
Fereej Al Soudan
Al Waab
Al Aziziya
New Fereej Al Ghanim
Fereej Al Murra
Fereej Al Manaseer
Bu Sidra
Muaither
Al Sailiya
Al Mearad
82.4 283,675
Fereej Al Asiri
New Fereej Al Khulaifat
Bu Samra
Al Mamoura
Abu Hamour
Mesaimeer
Ain Khaled
61.1 128,928
Mebaireek 160.5 12,483
Al Karaana 554.3 2,614
Abu Samra 801.7 984
Sawda Natheel 566.7 100
Municipality 2450 605,712

Landmarks and historic sites[edit]

Fountain at Aspire Park

There are a number of historic forts in the municipality, such as Al Wajbah Fort, which was the setting of a battle between the Ottomans and Qataris in the Battle of Al Wajbah in 1892.[2]

Education City, which houses most of Qatar's universities, is located in Al Rayyan,[14] as is several of Qatar Foundation's institutes.[2]

Several multi-sports clubs are based in the municipality: Al Rayyan SC, Al-Gharafa SC, Muaither SC, Mesaimeer SC and Al-Sailiya SC.[2]

Al Rayyan hosts a racing and equestrian club. Aspire Tower and Aspire Park are also nestled in the municipality.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2015 Population census" (PDF). Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. April 2015. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Al Rayyan Municipality". Ministry of Municipality and Environment. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  3. ^ "Municipalities of Qatar". Statoids. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Hisham Yassin (16 January 2014). "بلدية الشحانية تضم %35 من مساحة الريان الحالية" (in Arabic). Al Arab. Retrieved 7 August 2017. 
  5. ^ "The Simplified Census of Population, Housing & Establishments 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. April 2015. pp. 65–66. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  6. ^ "بروة تستعد لبناء "مدينة العمال" الثانية بكلفة 4 مليارات ريال" (in Arabic). Al Sharq. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c "Population from 1986–2009". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c "Population and social statistics". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2004. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2010". Qatar Statistics Authority. 2010. Archived from the original on 9 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  10. ^ "Population statistics". Qatar Information Exchange. Archived from the original on 1 July 2015. Retrieved 15 June 2015. 
  11. ^ "Qatar Statistics Authority website". Qatar Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  12. ^ "Al Rayyan Municipality". Ministry of Municipality and Urban Planning. Retrieved 28 June 2015. 
  13. ^ "تعيين 112 مديراً ورئيساً لقسم ومكتب في 8 بلديات" (in Arabic). Al Sharq. 21 April 2017. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 
  14. ^ "Universities in Qatar". Life in Qatar. Retrieved 8 August 2017. 

External links[edit]