Al Rayyan (city)

Coordinates: 25°15′N 51°24′E / 25.250°N 51.400°E / 25.250; 51.400
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Top to Bottom, Left to Right: Oxygen Park in Old Al Rayyan, A bus stop in Al Gharrafa near the Sidra Medical and Research Center, Overhead view of Villagio Mall and Aspire Park in Baaya, View of Wadi Al Gaiya Street in Mehairja from the Aspire Zone parking lot
Al-Rayyan is located in Qatar
Al Rayyan City
Coordinates: 25°15′N 51°24′E / 25.250°N 51.400°E / 25.250; 51.400
MunicipalityAl Rayyan
ZoneZone 52 (Old Al Rayyan) / Zone 53 (New Al Rayyan)
District no.61 (Old Al Rayyan) / 65 (New Al Rayyan)
 • Total11.9 km2 (4.6 sq mi)
Elevation31 m (102 ft)

Al-Rayyan (Arabic: الريان) is a city in the municipality of its namesake, Al Rayyan, Qatar.[3] The city and its suburbs comprise the largest population center in Qatar outside of Doha proper, immediately to its east.[4] Consisting of all of the districts in the municipality's easternmost section, its western boundary is roughly where the Al Majd Highway runs through the municipality.[5] It is considered a part of the metropolitan Doha area.[6] The city was one of the venues for the 2022 FIFA World Cup.[7]


The city's name derives from the Arabic word "ray", which translates to "irrigation". It was given this name due to its low elevation, allowing it to act as a flood plain during the rainy season and provide a prolonged supply of water to the numerous wild plants and crops that grew in the area.[8]


An aerial photograph of Al Rayyan taken by the Royal Air Force during a reconnaissance on 9 May 1934.

Before the massive expansion of Al Rayyan City, the two main areas in Al Rayyan were Old Al Rayyan and New Al Rayyan. Old Al Rayyan consisted of many traditional villages, while New Al Rayyan contained many large villas occupied by members of Qatar's ruling family.[9] As Al Rayyan City grew, all of the municipality's eastern settlements were incorporated as districts in the city.[5]



Two main areas define the city's historical center: Old Al Rayyan (Arabic: الريان القديم; translit. Al Rayyan Al Qadeem') in the northern section, and New Al Rayyan (Arabic: الريان الجديد; translit. Al Rayyan Al Jadeed) in the south. As for the city proper, several districts of Al Rayyan City are designated by the Ministry of Municipality and Environment, including:[8]

Local government[edit]

When free elections of the Central Municipal Council first took place in Qatar during 1999,[10] Al Rayyan City was divided into two constituencies: no. 18, which had New Al Rayyan as its seat, and no. 19, which had Old Al Rayyan as its seat.[11] These two constituencies would remain independent of each other for the next three consecutive elections until the fifth municipal elections in 2015, when they were merged under constituency no. 14, with New Al Rayyan as the seat. Also included in its constituency is Al Luqta, Lebday, and Al Shagub.[12]

In the inaugural municipal elections in 1999, voter turnout was 78.3% in constituency no. 18 where Mohammed Hamoud Al Shafi was elected, receiving 37.9%, or 256 votes. In constituency no. 19, Mohammed Saleh Al-Marri won, receiving 66%, or 264 votes. Voter turnout was low, at 37.7%[11] At the next elections, held in 2002, Al Shafi retained his seat in constituency no. 19 while Faraj Saeed Al Aweer was elected in no. 18.[13] In the next election in 2007, Al Shafi once again retained his post in constituency no. 19 whereas Hamad Hamad Al Haoul won the elections in no. 18.[14] The 2011 elections saw both Al Shafi and Haoul retain their seats in their respective constituencies.[15] For the 2015 elections, after the two constituencies were merged into one, long-time representative of constituency no. 19 Mohammed Hamoud Al Shafi emerged as the election winner.[12]


City proper[edit]

Khalifa International Stadium, one of the first large-scale stadiums in Qatar, was built in Al Rayyan City in 1976. It was later incorporated in the Aspire Zone.[16] The Aspire Zone is located in the Al Waab district and accommodates Aspire Academy. Also found within the Al Waab area are Villaggio Mall and Doha Zoo.[17]

Education City, Qatar Science & Technology Park and other Qatar Foundation facilities are located in the Al Gharrafa, Gharrafat Al Rayyan and Al Shagub districts of Al Rayyan.[18][17]

Old Al Rayyan[edit]

The Municipal Headquarters is based out of the Old Al Rayyan district, as is the Al Rayyan Security Department and the Al Rayyan Pediatric Emergency Center.[8] On 4 October, 1982, the Al Rayyan Public Library was officially inaugurated in Old Al Rayyan by the Minister of Education, Mohammed bin Hamad bin Abdullah Al Thani.[19]

New Al Rayyan[edit]

In the New Al Rayyan district, the Qatar Equestrian Federation (QEF) maintains its stables and outdoor arena.[20] Founded in 1975 and boasting a spectator capacity of 1,500, the QEF arena is considered to be the country's main horse racing venue.[21] The New Al Rayyan Park was opened in 2004 in a residential zone on Al Atouriya Street. Covering an area of 8,827 m², facilities in the park include a children's play area and a cafeteria while plants featured include date palms and plants from the genera melia and jatropha.[22]


Education City Stadium, a 2022 FIFA World Cup venue, has been built in the city. It has a seating capacity of 40,000 spectators and has built in solar panels on its roof.[7][23] It hosted 8 games of the 2022 FIFA World Cup[24] and was opened on 15 June 2020.[25]

Ahmad bin Ali Stadium and Khalifa International Stadium have been rebuilt in the city to the 2022 FIFA World Cup. Their capacity during the tournament were 45,032 and 45,857 spectators. Ahmad bin Ali Stadium hosted 7 games of the 2022 FIFA World Cup and Khalifa International Stadium hosted 8 games.

In the city there is also Jassim bin Hamad Stadium with the 15,000 capacity. All four stadiums will be used for the 2023 AFC Asian Cup.


The underground Al Shaqab station currently serves the Green Line of the Doha Metro.[26] It is located on Huwar Street in Old Al Rayyan, near its border with Al Shagub.[27] The station was opened to the public on 10 December, 2019 along with the other Green Line stations.[28] The station currently has no metrolinks.[29] Facilities on the premises include restrooms and a prayer room.[27]

Another station which serves Al Rayyan and is also a part of the Green Line is the Al Rayyan Al Qadeem station. It is situated in the neighboring Lebday district near the border with Old Al Rayyan.[27]

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Al Rayyan is twinned with:


  1. ^ "District Area Map". Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. Retrieved 12 February 2019.
  2. ^ "New Al Rayyan, Zone 53, Qatar on the Elevation Map". Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  3. ^ "2015 Population census" (PDF). Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics. April 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 July 2016. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Qatar's growing economy continues to provide high standard of living". Oxford Business Group. 21 January 2018. Retrieved 14 July 2018.
  5. ^ a b "Al Rayyan Municipality: Vision and Development Strategy" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. December 2017. p. 7. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  6. ^ "Al Rayyan Municipality: Vision and Development Strategy" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. December 2017. p. 4. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  7. ^ a b Saraiva, Alexia (2 August 2018). "Get To Know The 8 2022 Qatar World Cup Stadiums". ArchDaily.
  8. ^ a b c "District map". The Centre for Geographic Information Systems of Qatar. Archived from the original on 24 November 2020. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  9. ^ Whelan, John (1983). Qatar, a MEED practical guide. London: Middle East Economic Digest. p. 160. ISBN 0950521191.
  10. ^ "Central Municipal Council". Government Communications Office of Qatar. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  11. ^ a b "إنتخابات الدورة الأولى" (in Arabic). Central Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "مقـار الدوائـر" (in Arabic). Ministry of Interior (Qatar). Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  13. ^ "الدورة الثانية" (in Arabic). Central Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  14. ^ "إنتخابات الدورة الثالثة" (in Arabic). Central Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 14 August 2018. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  15. ^ "رابعاً: إنتخابات الدورة الرابعة كشف بأسماء السادة المرشحين الفائزين في عضوية انتخابات المجلس البلدي المركزي (الدورة الرابعة - 2011م)" (in Arabic). Central Municipal Council. Archived from the original on 8 September 2019. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  16. ^ "Khalifa International Stadium". Supreme Committee for Delivery & Legacy. Archived from the original on 17 December 2019. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  17. ^ a b "Al Rayyan Municipality: Vision and Development Strategy" (PDF). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. December 2017. p. 15. Retrieved 22 May 2018.
  18. ^ "Visit NU-Q". Northwestern University in Qatar. Archived from the original on 24 May 2018. Retrieved 23 May 2018.
  19. ^ Dār al-kutub al-Qaṭarīyah fī 22'ām (in Arabic). Dār al-Kutub al-Qaṭarīyah. 1982. ممكتبة الريان العامة [...] العنوان : الريان القديم [...] الشيخ محمد بن حمد ال ثانى وزير التربية والتعليم بافتتاح المكتبة عصر يوم السبت ١٩٨٢/٤/١٠.
  20. ^ "Hathab returns to QEF for 8th leg of National Equestrian Tour". Qatar Tribune. 16 February 2018. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  21. ^ "QOC Venue Booklet" (PDF). Qatar Olympic Committee (QOC). 24 March 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 January 2019. Retrieved 27 January 2019.
  22. ^ "حديقة الريان الجديد" (in Arabic). Ministry of Municipality and Environment. 19 November 2014. Archived from the original on 1 December 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2019.
  23. ^ "World Cup 2022: Education City Stadium –". Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  24. ^ "Education City Stadium".
  25. ^ "Education City Stadium Qatar : 2022 FIFA World Cup Stadium". 2022-06-22. Retrieved 2023-03-08.
  26. ^ "QAR Metro". Archived from the original on 4 December 2019. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  27. ^ a b c "Plan My Journey Map". Qatar Rail. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  28. ^ "All Doha Metro lines open for public". The Peninsula. 10 December 2019. Retrieved 10 December 2019.
  29. ^ "Metrolink". Qatar Rail. Retrieved 16 December 2019.
  30. ^ "Belarus-Qatari relations in other fields". Embassy of the Republic of Belarus in Qatar. Retrieved 22 May 2018.