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|Mayor of Baghdad|
2004 – 8 August 2005
|Preceded by||Sabir Abdul Aziz al-Douri|
|Succeeded by||Hussein al-Tahan|
|Born||1952 (age 64–65)
|Alma mater||University of Baghdad
University of Paris
Al-Tamimi was chosen to be Mayor of Baghdad on April 18, 2004, by Baghdad City Council members, with the approval of the U.S. and coalition forces. With a total of forty nine participants with voting authority being City Council members and District Council members, the City Council Selection Committee initially received 93 applications for the position of mayor in response to a highly publicized advertisement campaign in local Baghdad newspapers and other media outlets. From that group of applicants, twenty-eight were deemed to have fully satisfied the advertised criteria. Ultimately, the selection committee whittled down the number of applicants to eight, and submitted their names to the full council for consideration. The exceptionally well-qualified finalists included six PhDs, and seven with engineering backgrounds .. On May 29, 2004, he took office.
Al-Tamimi was removed from office on August 8, 2005, in dramatic fashion by an armed militia controlled by the provincial government. His replacement is a member of the Supreme Islamic Iraqi Council, which won control of Baghdad Governorate in the January 30, 2005 election. He was replaced by Hussein al-Tahhan, the governor of Baghdad Governorate. Saber al Essawi followed Hussein al-Tahhan as Mayor of Baghdad.
Al-Tamimi is a Muslim (yet politically secular). In 1972, al-Tamimi received his BSc in civil engineering, and, in 1979, his MSc in structural engineering, from Baghdad University. His PhD in structural engineering was received from the University Of Paris in 1985. He later wrote several books on the subject of engineering.
In 1987, al-Tamimi worked as a "director general" under Saddam Hussein's nuclear weapons program (which never succeeded in actually creating a nuclear bomb due to the interruption of the first Gulf War in 1990.)
In 1995, al-Tamimi fled from Iraq with his wife and son, and would not return despite the threats made by Hussein's secret police.He had been a professor of structural engineering at Baghdad University and then was forced to work for the Iraqi nuclear agency. But he wants it understood that he helped make buildings, not bombs.
al-Tamimi as Mayor
After the 2003 invasion of Iraq, the U.S. Coalition Provisional Authority, under Paul Bremer, sought the leadership potential of al-Tamimi as the new Mayor of Baghdad. He fulfilled the criteria for their ideal candidate: over 40, experience in engineering and urban planning, and sympathy for the "principles of democracy."
Al-Tamimi's first action, in coordination with U.S. Major General Peter W. Chiarelli, was to remove concrete barriers and blast walls that had inhibited the flow of traffic in Baghdad. Al-Tamimi has publicly stated his approval of the American removal of dictator Saddam Hussein, yet is critical of the American occupation. "I don’t want Americans in the Green Zone, or outside the Green Zone. I want them outside Baghdad in their camps."
After being elected, al-Tamimi threatened to hand in his resignation three times in protest against the under-funding of Baghdad's reconstruction. In January 2004, an Islamist Shiite provincial council was formed in Baghdad, which actively sought to replace al-Tamimi.
Resignation and removal from power
On June 21, 2005, al-Tamimi submitted his resignation from his mayoral post and was pensioned .
On August 8, 2005, al-Tamimi was forced from power by up to 120 gunmen, who replaced him with the governor of Baghdad province, Hussein al-Tahhan, an Islamist Shiite, backed by Governorate Council Chairman Mazin Makkiya. Al-Tamimi was unharmed, as he was not in the office at the time. Al-Tahhan, a member of the Badr Organization militia, denies that any force was required to enact the removal, which he claims is the right of the provincial council. Al-Tamimi: "I have already decided to withdraw. I am a man of work, not a man of conflict. I do not get involved in conflicts, I do not belong to any political party."
At the same time that al-Tahhan declares his own posting as Mayor, the Council Of Ministers intends to name "official" candidates for Mayor during their next session.
- ^ Hizzoner the Mayor, Newsweek, July 21, 2004
- ^ Online chat, IslamOnline, December 9, 2004
- ^ Baghdad mayor says gunmen ousted him from office, LeadingTheCharge.com, August 9, 2005
- ^ al-Tamimi interview, the day after his removal from Radio Free Europe, August 9, 2005
- ^ Kurdish Media News, July 14, 2005
- On-line Q & A with al-Tamimi in December 2004
- MSNBC profile (July 2004)
- News of ousting from Reuters, August 2005
- Interview with al-Tamimi, regarding the restoration of Baghdad from Radio Free Europe, April 22, 2005
- New York Times articles on the ousting
Sabir Abdul Aziz al-Douri
|Mayor of Baghdad, Iraq