Alabama's 2nd congressional district

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Coordinates: 31°38′38.5″N 86°2′41.72″W / 31.644028°N 86.0449222°W / 31.644028; -86.0449222

Alabama's 2nd congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Martha Roby
RMontgomery
Area10,608 sq mi (27,470 km2)
Distribution
  • 54.71[1]% urban
  • 45.29% rural
Population (2016)681,621[2]
Median income$46,579[3]
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+16[4]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district is a United States congressional district in Alabama that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. It includes most of the Montgomery metropolitan area, and stretches into the Wiregrass Region in the southeastern portion of the state. The district encompasses portions of Montgomery County and the entirety of Autauga, Barbour, Bullock, Butler, Coffee, Conecuh, Covington, Crenshaw, Dale, Elmore, Geneva, Henry, Houston and Pike counties. Other cities in the district include Andalusia, Dothan, Greenville, and Troy.

The district is represented by Republican Martha Roby, a former Montgomery city councilwoman, who defeated Bobby Bright, the Democratic incumbent, in the November 2010 election.

Character[edit]

There are several small-to-medium-sized cities spread throughout the district. Fort Rucker and Maxwell-Gunter Air Force Base are both within its bounds, as is Troy University.

White voters here were among the first in Alabama to shift from the Democratic Party; the old-line Southern Democrats in this area began splitting their tickets as early as the 1950s. Today, the district is one of the most Republican districts in both Alabama and the nation. It has only supported a Democrat for president once since 1956, when Jimmy Carter carried it in 1976. In 2008, the district elected a Democrat to Congress for the first time since 1964, but it reverted to its Republican ways in 2010. At the state and local level, however, conservative Democrats continued to hold most offices as late as 2002.

White voters gave John McCain, the Republican candidate, 63.42% of the vote in 2008; Barack Obama, the Democratic candidate, received 36.05%, attracting voters beyond the substantial (and expected) African-American minority.

The district gives its congressmen very long tenures in Washington; only six people have represented it since 1923.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 65 - 33%
2012 President Romney 63 - 36%
2008 President McCain 63 - 36%
2004 President Bush 67 - 33%
2000 President Bush 61 - 38%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1823
John McKee.jpg
John McKee
Jackson Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th
19th
20th
Elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Retired.
1823–1833
"Middle district": Bibb, Blount, Franklin, Greene, Jefferson, Marengo, Marion, Morgan, Perry, Pickens, Saint Clair, Shelby, and Tuscaloosa counties
AL-2 18-22.png
Jacksonian March 4, 1825–
March 3, 1829
R E B Baylor.jpg
Robert E. B. Baylor
Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1831
21st Elected in 1829.
Lost re-election.
Samuel Wright Mardis Jacksonian March 4, 1831 –
March 3, 1833
22nd Elected in 1831.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
John McKinley.jpg
John McKinley
Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1835
23rd Elected in 1833.
Retired.
1833–1841
AL-2 23-26.png
Gov. Joshua L. Martin.jpg
Joshua L. Martin
Jacksonian March 4, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
24th
25th
Elected in 1835
Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
Re-elected in 1837.
[Data unknown/missing.]
David Hubbard Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th Elected in 1839.
Lost re-election.
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large. March 3, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th
James Edwin Belser Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
Retired.
1843–1855
AL-2 28-33.png
Henry Washington Hilliard Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1851
29th
30th
31st
Elected in 1845.
Re-elected in 1847.
Re-elected in 1849.
Retired.
James Abercrombie Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1855
32nd
33rd
Elected in 1851.
Re-elected in 1853.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Eli Sims Shorter Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1859
34th
35th
Elected in 1855.
Re-elected in 1857.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1855–1863
AL-2 34-36.png
James Lawrence Pugh.jpg
James L. Pugh
Democratic March 4, 1859 –
January 21, 1861
36th Elected in 1859.
Withdrew.
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
July 21, 1868
36th
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War and Reconstruction
Hon. Charles W. Buckley, Ala - NARA - 526839.jpg
Charles Waldron Buckley
Republican July 21, 1868 –
March 3, 1873
40th
41st
42nd
Elected to finish the partial term.
Re-elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1863–1877
AL-2 40-44.png
James Rapier.jpg
James T. Rapier
Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1875
43rd Elected in 1872.
[Data unknown/missing.]
JNWilliams.jpg
Jeremiah Norman Williams
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th Elected in 1874.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Hilary A. Herbert.jpg
Hilary A. Herbert
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1893
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
Elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Re-elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Re-elected in 1890.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1877–1893
AL-2 45-52.png
Jesse F. Stallings Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1901
53rd
54th
55th
56th
Elected in 1892.
Re-elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1893–1933
AL-2 53-72.png
Ariosto A. Wiley Democratic March 4, 1901 –
June 17, 1908
57th
58th
59th
60th
Elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Died.
Vacant June 17, 1908 –
November 3, 1908
60th
Oliver C. Wiley Democratic November 3, 1908 –
March 3, 1909
Elected to finish his brother's term.
[Data unknown/missing.]
S. Hubert Dent Jr. Democratic March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1921
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
[Data unknown/missing.]
John R. Tyson Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 27, 1923
67th
68th
Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Died.
Vacant March 27, 1923 –
August 14, 1923
68th
Listerhill.jpg
J. Lister Hill
Democratic August 14, 1923 –
March 3, 1938
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
Elected to finish Tyson's term.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
1933–1963
AL-2 73-87.png
Vacant January 11, 1938 –
June 14, 1938
75th
George M. Grant.jpg
George M. Grant
Democratic June 14, 1938 –
January 3, 1963
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Elected to finish Hill's term.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Redistricted to the At-large district
District inactive, all representatives elected at-large on a general ticket. January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
William Louis Dickinson.jpg
William Louis Dickinson
Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1993
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1965–1973
AL-2 89-92.png
1973–1993
AL-2 93-102.png
Terry Everett, official 109th Congress photo.jpg
Terry Everett
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2009
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1993–2003
AL-2 103-107.png
2003–2013
AL02 110.png
Bobby Bright official photo.JPG
Bobby Bright
Democratic January 3, 2009 –
January 3, 2011
111th Elected in 2008.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Martha roby 113 congressional portrait.jpg
Martha Roby
Republican January 3, 2011 –
present
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
2013–present
Alabama US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Terry Everett 151,830 68.20%
Democratic Charles Wood 64,958 29.18%
Libertarian Wallace B. McGahan 4,111 1.85%
Independent Others 1,737 0.78%
Majority 86,872 39.02%
Total votes 222,636 100%
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Alabama's 2nd Congressional District House Election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Terry Everett (Incumbent) 177,086 72%
Democratic Charles James 70,562 28%

2006[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Terry Everett (Incumbent) 124,302 69.47
Democratic Chuck James 54,450 30.43
Write-ins 167 0.09
Total votes 178,919 100.00
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Bobby Bright 144,368 50.23%
Republican Jay Love 142,578 49.61%
Independent Write-in candidates 448 0.16%
Total votes 287,394 100.00%
Democratic gain from Republican

2010[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby 111,332 51.1%
Democratic Bobby Bright (Incumbent) 106,465 48.9%
Total votes 217,797 100.0%
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby (Incumbent) 180,591 63.7
Democratic Therese Ford 103,092 36.2
n/a Write-ins 270 0.1
Total votes 283,953 100.0
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby (Incumbent) 113,103 67.3
Democratic Erick Wright 54,692 32.6
n/a Write-ins 157 0.1
Total votes 167,952 100.0
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby (Incumbent) 134,886 48.8
Democratic Nathan Mathis 112,089 40.5
n/a Write-ins 29,609 10.7
Total votes 276,584 100.0
Republican hold

2018[edit]

Alabama's 2nd congressional district election, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Martha Roby (Incumbent) 138,879 61.39%
Democratic Tabitha Isner 86,931 38.43%
Write-in 420 0.19%
Total votes 226,230 100%
Republican hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of April 2015, there are two former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alabama's 2nd congressional district that are currently living. The most recent representative to die was William Louis Dickinson (served 1965-1993) on March 31, 2008.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Terry Everett 1993–2009 (1937-02-15) February 15, 1937 (age 82)
Bobby Bright 2009–2011 (1952-07-21) July 21, 1952 (age 67)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=01&cd=02
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=01&cd=02
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.

External links[edit]