Alabama's 7th congressional district

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Coordinates: 32°33′5.2″N 87°52′17.04″W / 32.551444°N 87.8714000°W / 32.551444; -87.8714000

Alabama's 7th congressional district
Alabama US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif
Alabama's 7th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Current Representative Terri Sewell (DSelma)
Area 8,780 sq mi (22,700 km2)
Distribution
  • 72.16[1]% urban
  • 27.84% rural
Population (2016) 665,630[2]
Median income $34,664
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVI D+20[3]

Alabama's 7th congressional district is a United States congressional district in Alabama that elects a representative to the United States House of Representatives. The district encompasses Choctaw, Dallas, Greene, Hale, Lowndes, Marengo, Pickens, Perry, Sumter and Wilcox counties, and portions of Clarke, Jefferson, Montgomery and Tuscaloosa counties. The district encompasses portions of the Birmingham, Montgomery and Tuscaloosa/Northport urban areas. The largest city entirely within the district is Selma.

The district has been majority nonwhite, with a majority of African-American residents, since the redistricting following the 1990 census. It is represented by Democrat Terri Sewell, who succeeded Artur Davis in 2010.

Character[edit]

Alabama's 7th Congressional District was first defined in 1843; it has continued since then with the exception of the years 1867–1873 during the Reconstruction era. The geographic area represented by this district has changed over time, depending upon the number of U.S. Representatives apportioned to Alabama. Around the turn of the 20th century, the district included the city of Gadsden. Over time, the district was redefined to include the area around Tuscaloosa. The last two representatives for the district before its reconfiguration as a majority-minority area were Richard Shelby (now Alabama's senior senator) and Claude Harris, both Tuscaloosa residents.

The shape of the current district was largely established in 1992, when it was reconstituted as a majority-minority district under provisions of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, as amended in 1982 to encourage greater representation for minorities in Congress.[4] Half of the western Alabama portion of the district was moved to the 4th district, and a large portion of Tuscaloosa County was moved into the 6th district, which had primarily been based around Birmingham. To counter the loss in population and to create the majority minority, many counties from the Black Belt region, a rural expanse in Alabama with a high proportion of African-American residents descended from workers on cotton plantations, were added to the district, as was an arm extending from Tuscaloosa roughly along the Interstate 20/59 corridor into Jefferson County to take in most of the black precincts of Birmingham. Most of Birmingham's white residents remained in the 6th District. The three representatives elected from the district following reconfiguration—Earl F. Hilliard, Artur Davis and Terri Sewell—have all been residents of Birmingham.

Mostly minor changes in the following two redistrictings have not substantially changed the shape of the district. But, western portions of Montgomery County have been restored to this district, including large swaths of inner-city Montgomery in the redistricting following the 2010 census. This area had earlier been removed after the 2000 census. The district contains urbanized areas of Birmingham, Montgomery and Tuscaloosa, and ten of the fourteen rural counties in the Black Belt. Three of the state's largest colleges are located in the district: Alabama State University in Montgomery, the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, and the University of Alabama at Birmingham.

Democrats have represented the 7th district in all but 6 years since 1843.

Recent election results from statewide races[edit]

A majority of voters in the district are African Americans who support the Democratic Party and its candidates.

Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 66–33%
2004 President Kerry 64–35%
2008 President Obama 72–27%
2012 President Obama 72–27%
2016 President Clinton 70–29%

List of representatives[edit]

Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Electoral history Location
District created March 4, 1843.
28th
29th
No image.svg Felix G. McConnell Democratic March 4, 1843 –
September 10, 1846
Died. [Data unknown/missing.]
29th Vacant September 10, 1846 –
December 7, 1846
29th
30th
31st
No image.svg Franklin W. Bowdon Democratic December 7, 1846 –
March 3, 1851
[Data unknown/missing.]
32nd No image.svg Alexander White Whig March 4, 1851 –
March 3, 1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
33rd James Ferguson Dowdell.jpg James F. Dowdell Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
Redistricted to the 3rd congressional district. [Data unknown/missing.]
34th No image.svg Sampson W. Harris Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
Redistricted from the 3rd congressional district.
35th
36th
Jabez Lamar Monroe Curry.jpg Jabez L. M. Curry Democratic March 4, 1857 –
January 21, 1861
Withdrew.
36th
37th
Vacant January 21, 1861 –
March 4, 1863
Members withdrew during the American Civil War.
District eliminated in 1863.
District re-established in 1877.
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
William H. Forney.jpg William H. Forney Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1893
Redistricted from the At-large district. [Data unknown/missing.]
53rd No image.svg William H. Denson Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
54th
55th
No image.svg Milford W. Howard Populist March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
No image.svg John L. Burnett Democratic March 4, 1899 –
May 13, 1919
Died. [Data unknown/missing.]
66th Vacant May 13, 1919 –
September 30, 1919
[Data unknown/missing.]
66th
67th
Lilius Bratton Rainey circa 1920.jpg Lilius Bratton Rainey Democratic September 30, 1919 –
March 3, 1923
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
No image.svg Miles C. Allgood Democratic March 4, 1923 –
March 3, 1933
Redistricted to the 5th congressional district. [Data unknown/missing.]
73rd
74th
75th
76th
William Brockman Bankhead (Young).jpg William B. Bankhead Democratic March 4, 1933 –
September 15, 1940
Redistricted from the 10th congressional district.

Died.
[Data unknown/missing.]
76th Vacant September 15, 1940 –
November 5, 1940
76th No image.svg Zadoc L. Weatherford Democratic November 5, 1940 –
January 3, 1941
Elected to finish William Bankhead's term.

Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
77th No image.svg Walter W. Bankhead Democratic January 3, 1941 –
February 1, 1941
First elected in 1940.

Resigned.
[Data unknown/missing.]
77th Vacant February 1, 1941 –
June 24, 1941
77th
78th
79th
80th
No image.svg Carter Manasco Democratic June 24, 1941 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
Carl Elliott.jpg Carl Elliott Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1963
Redistricted to the At-large district. [Data unknown/missing.]
88th District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket. January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1965
[Data unknown/missing.]
89th James D. Martin.jpg James D. Martin Republican January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
[Data unknown/missing.]
90th
91st
92nd
Tombevill.jpg Tom Bevill Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 4th congressional district.
93rd
92nd
95th
Walter Flowers.jpg Walter Flowers Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1979
Redistricted from the 5th congressional district. [Data unknown/missing.]
96th
97th
98th
99th
Richard Shelby 97th Congress 1981.jpg Richard C. Shelby Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1987
Elected to U.S. Senate. [Data unknown/missing.]
100th
101st
102nd
Claude Harris, Jr.jpg Claude Harris, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1987 –
January 3, 1993
Retired. [Data unknown/missing.]
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Earl Hilliard.jpg Earl Hilliard Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
First elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Lost renomination.
[Data unknown/missing.]
108th
109th
110th
111th
Artur Davis.jpg Artur Davis Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
First elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired to run for Governor.
AL07 110.png 2003–2013
112th
113th
114th
115th
Terri Sewell official photo.jpg Terri Sewell Democratic January 3, 2011 –
present
First elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Alabama US Congressional District 7 (since 2013).tif 2013–Present

Recent election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2002
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Artur Davis 153,735 92.30%
Libertarian Lauren Orth McCay 12,100 7.31%
Write-in Write-ins 474 0.29%
Majority 141,635 84.9%
Total votes 166,309 100.00%
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2004
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Artur Davis* 183,408 75%
Republican Steve Cameron 61,019 25%
Write-in Write-ins 211 0.09%
Majority 122,389 50%
Total votes 244,638 100%
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Artur Davis* 133,870 99%
Write-in Write-ins 1,297 1%
Majority 132,573 98%
Total votes 135,167 100%
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Artur Davis* 228,518 99%
Write-in Write-ins 3,183 1%
Majority 225,335 98%
Total votes 231,701 100%
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Terri Sewell 136,223 72%
Republican Don Chamberlain 51,882 28%
Majority 84,341 44%
Total votes 188,105 100%
Democratic hold

2012[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Terri Sewell* 232,520 76%
Republican Don Chamberlain 73,835 24%
Majority 158,685 52%
Total votes 299,057 100%
Democratic hold

2014[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Terri Sewell* 133,687 98%
Write-in Write-ins 2,212 2%
Majority 131,475 96%
Total votes 135,899 100%
Democratic hold

2016[edit]

Alabama's 7th congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Terri Sewell* 229,330 98%
No party Write-ins 3,698 2%
Total votes 233,028 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

Living former Members[edit]

As of October 2017, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from this district who are living. The most recent former representative to die was James D. Martin on October 30, 2017

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Richard Shelby 1979–1987 (1934-05-06) May 6, 1934 (age 84)
Earl F. Hilliard 1993–2003 (1942-04-09) April 9, 1942 (age 76)
Artur Davis 2003–2011 (1967-10-09) October 9, 1967 (age 51)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  2. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  4. ^ Pear, Robert (August 3, 1992). "THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: Congressional Districts; Redistricting Expected to Bring Surge in Minority Lawmakers". The New York Times. Retrieved April 23, 2010.
U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Tennessee's 5th congressional district
Home district of the Speaker of the House
June 4, 1936 – September 15, 1940
Succeeded by
Texas's 4th congressional district