SR-271 begins at the intersection of the Troy Highway, which carries U.S. Route 82 (US-82) and US-231, and Taylor Road. The route heads north on Taylor Road, which is a divided, six-lane street. It passes through grassland dotted with residential neighborhoods until it intersects Vaughn Road. Between Vaughn Road and Interstate 85 (I-85), SR-271 serves as a major access road for the nearby housing developments and shopping centers. It intersects I-85 with a simple diamond interchange with an additional cloverleaf loop from northbound SR-271 to southbound I-85. North of I-85, Taylor Road becomes an undivided four-lane street. The SR-271 designation ends 0.5 miles (0.80 km) north of the I-85 interchange.