Alabama State Route 5
|Maintained by ALDOT|
|Length:||197.775 mi (318.288 km)|
|South end:||US 43 / SR 13 in Thomasville|
| SR 14 / SR 183 in Marion
US 82 near Centreville
I‑20 / I‑59 / US 11 / SR 7 in Birmingham
SR 69 / SR 118 in Jasper
|North end:||US 278 / SR 13 / SR 74 in Natural Bridge|
State Route 5 is a north–south state highway is the western part of the State of Alabama. While it once extended—prior to the renumbering of the highways of Alabama in 1957—from Mobile north to Tennessee, and was one of the major routes between Mobile and Birmingham, it has since been shortened to about half of its former length, and superseded by newer highways such as Interstate 65 and State Route 13.
In a way, SR-5 is two separate highways. The first leg of its route begins at the present southern terminus of SR-5 at its intersection with US-43 at Thomasville, Alabama. For the next 135 miles (217 km), proceeds northeasterly towards Birmingham, passing through the rural areas of the Black Belt. In northern Bibb County, SR-5 joins US-11, I-20, and I-59, and these continue their route to the northeast. SR-5 runs on the same pavement with US-11 for 30 miles (48 km) between Woodstock and Birmingham.
The second section of SR-5 begins near the historic Legion Field stadium in Birmingham, where US-11 and SR-5 intersect with US-78. At that point, the overlapping of SR-5 and US-11 ends, and the 13-mile (21 km)-long overlapping of SR-5 and US-78 begins. US-78 and SR-5 formerly ran concurrently from Birmingham to Jasper, passing through the Birmingham suburbs of Forestdale, Adamsville and Graysville. With the completion of much of Interstate 22 in northwestern Alabama, US-78 and SR-5 now split at Graysville, with US-78 now being routed on I-22. At Jasper, SR-5 forks away from the former routing of US-78, continuing through the rural areas of Walker County and Winston County. The northern terminus of SR-5 is at its junction with US-278 and SR-13 at Natural Bridge.
In the original numbering of state roads in the mid-1920s, the highway that would become SR-5 had several numbers. SR-6 was the highway from Mobile north via Thomasville to Selma. SR-35 split from SR-6 at Safford and ran northeast near Woodstock, where traffic could continue to Birmingham on SR-2 (US-11). SR-43 split from SR-8 (US-78) at Jasper, taking traffic from Montgomery via US-78 to Phil Campbell.
SR-43 also ran southwest from Jasper to SR-33 at the village of Bankston, though the exact route had not been defined by 1927. From there, travelers could continue north on part of SR-5 to Florence, and SR-50 to the State of Tennessee, where the road became Tennessee State Route 6 towards Lawrenceburg, Tenn., and Nashville, Tenn.
By late 1928, a large renumbering of highways had been carried out. The new SR-5 stretched from Mobile to Tennessee via Birmingham and Florence, and included several former routes: most of SR-6, all of SR-35, most of SR-43, part of SR-5, and all of SR-50. The remainders of SR-35 and SR-43 became parts of SR-22 and SR-18. The old SR-5 was split among several routes. The two halves of new SR-5 were linked between somewhere near Woodstock and Jasper by overlap with SR-7 (US-11) and SR-4 (US-78) via Birmingham. US-43 was added to the route south of Thomasville and north of Phil Campbell in 1933 or 1934. In between those two, SR-5 used a shorter route, mainly SR-13.
Except for minor relocations and widenings, SR-5 remained the same until the 1950s. Around 1950, a new highway, running southeast from SR-5 at Haleyville to local roads at Natural Bridge, was added to the state highway system as SR-195.
Maintenance by the Alabama Highway Department was extended southeast from Natural Bridge to SR-5 near Jasper by 1957. In that year, in the renumbering of the state highways of Alabama, substantial changes were made to the route of SR-5. Both portions of it that had been co-routes with US-43—south of Thomasville and north of Phil Campbell—became SR-13, which essentially became the unsigned partner to US-43 across the state. SR-13 used a shorter highway between Bankston and Haleyville, joining SR-5 at Natural Bridge and making the north end of SR-5 an overlap with SR-13. US-43 has never been moved to this route.
In addition, SR-5 and SR-195 were swapped between Jasper and Haleyville, giving SR-5 a more direct route that had just been paved. This removed almost half of the original Alalama highway 5, leaving it a reflected C-shaped route, with both ends of connecting with US-43, and its eastmost point in Birmingham.
|Clarke||Thomasville||0.00||0.00||US 43 (SR-13) – Grove Hill, Linden, Alabama Southern College Thomasville Campus|
|Wilcox||||5.710||9.189||SR 25 north – Thomaston|
|Pine Hill||11.02||17.73||SR 10 – Butler, Camden|
|Kimbrough||14.05||22.61||SR 162 east – Camden|
||No major junctions|
|Wilcox||Catherine||28.10||45.22||SR 28 – Thomaston, Camden||interchange|
|Dallas||||35.51||57.15||SR 66 west – Thomaston|
|Safford||36.77||59.18||SR 22 east – Selma|
|||47.64||76.67||US 80 (SR-8)||interchange|
|Perry||||58.71||94.48||SR 183 south – Uniontown||Southern end of SR-183 concurrency|
|Marion||61.18||98.46||SR 289 north – Downtown Marion|
|62.94||101.29||SR 183 north – Sprott||Northern end of SR-183 concurrency|
|62.18||100.07||SR 14 (Martin Luther King Memorial Parkway) – Greensboro, Sprott, Downtown Marion|
|||69.86||112.43||SR 175 south – Sprott, Selma|
|Bibb||||80.83||130.08||SR 25 south – Greensboro||Southern end of SR-25 concurrency|
|Brent||83.85||134.94||SR 25 north (Main Street) – Brent, Centreville||Northern end of SR-25 concurrency; southern end of SR-25 Truck concurrency (it ends at this intersection)|
|CR 58 (University Way) – Tuscaloosa, Brent, Centreville||former US-82|
US 82 / SR 25 Truck north / SR 219 Truck south (SR-6) – Tuscaloosa, Montgomery, Montevallo
|interchange; southern end of SR-25 Truck concurrency; northern end of SR-219 Truck concurrency|
|||92.23||148.43||SR 219 south – Centreville||Northern end of SR-219 Truck concurrency (it ends at this intersection)|
|West Blocton||98||158||CR 24 – Vance, West Blocton, Historic Downtown, Cahaba River NWR|
|Woodstock||105.55||169.87||US 11 south (SR-7) – Tuscaloosa||Southern end of US-11 / SR-7 concurrency|
|Tuscaloosa||Caffee Junction||108.62||174.81||I‑20 west / I‑59 south – Tuscaloosa||Southern end of I-20/I-59 concurrency; SR-5 south follows exit 97|
|||111.77||179.88||Abernant, Bucksville (SR-216 west)||I-20/I-59 exit 100|
|Jefferson||Bessemer||113.89||183.29||Rock Mountain Lakes||I-20/I-59 exit 104|
|||117.68||189.39||I‑459 north – Gadsden, Montgomery, Atlanta||I-20/I-59 exit 106; I-459 exits 0A-B; trumpet interchange for now.|
|Bessemer||119.87||192.91||I‑20 east / I‑59 north / Powder Plant Road – Birmingham||Northern end of I-20/I-59 concurrency; SR-5 north follows exit 108|
|123.30||198.43||SR 150 east (14th Street) – Hoover|
|Birmingham||133.47||214.80||US 11 north / US 78 east (3rd Avenue West / SR-7 north)||Southern end of US-78 concurrency; northern end of US-11 / SR-7 concurrency|
|134.58||216.59||I‑20 / I‑59 to I‑65 – Tuscaloosa, Downtown Birmingham||I-20 / I-59 exit 123|
|Adamsville||141.43||227.61||CR 65 / to Hillcrest Road|
|Graysville||145.46||234.10||Graysville, Flat Top, West Jefferson||interchange|
|146.50||235.77||I‑22 – Jasper, Memphis, Graysville, Brookside||I-22 exit 85|
|Walker||Jasper||169.00||271.98||SR 69 north||Southern end of SR-69 concurrency|
|172.18||277.10||SR 69 south – Carbon Hill||Northern end of SR-69 concurrency; interchange|
|173.57||279.33||To SR 195 north / SR 257 – Double Springs|
|Winston||Natural Bridge||197.78||318.30||US 278 / SR 13 / SR 74 – Russellville, Hamilton, Double Springs, Haleyville|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Alabama Department of Transportation, County Milepost Maps, accessed September 2007
- State Farm, Road Map: United States, Rand McNally & Company, 1953: note how SR-5 is one of only a few highways that are not U.S. Highways shown on the map of Alabama. Archived 2009-10-24.
- Rand McNally Auto Road Atlas, 1926
- State Highway Department of Alabama, System of State Roads, revised January 1, 1927
- General Drafting Company, State Road Map of Alabama, Fall of 1928
- General Drafting Company, State Road Map of Alabama, 1933
- General Drafting Company, State Road Map of Alabama, November 1934
- Alabama State Highway Department, Alabama Highways, 1949
- Alabama State Highway Department, Alabama State Highway System, 1951
- Alabama State Highway Department, 1955-1956 Official Highway Map
- Alabama State Highway Department, Official 1957 Alabama Highway Map
- Media related to Alabama State Route 5 at Wikimedia Commons