U.S. Route 278 in Alabama

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U.S. Route 278 marker

U.S. Route 278
State Route 74
Route information
Maintained by ALDOT
Length199.182 mi[1] (320.552 km)
Major junctions
West end US 278 towards Amory, Mississippi
 
East end US 278 towards Atlanta, Georgia
Location
CountiesMarion, Winston, Cullman, Blount, Etowah, Calhoun, Cherokee, Cleburne
Highway system
  • Alabama Highways
SR 277SR 279
SR 73SR-74SR 75

U.S. Route 278 (US 278), mostly internally designated by the Alabama Department of Transportation as State Route 74 (SR 74), is a major east–west U.S. highway across the northern part of the U.S. state of Alabama. West of Hamilton, SR 74 continues west to end at US 78 (unsigned SR 4), while US 278 turns south along US 43/SR 17/SR 171 to Guin, where it turns west along SR 118 to the Mississippi state line.

Route description[edit]

For the most part, US 278 and SR 74 are routed parallel to US 78, along the north side of that highway. The only section of SR 74 that is signed as an independent route is along the former route of US 78 between the interchange with Interstate 22 (I-22) and downtown Hamilton, a distance of approximately 5 miles (8.0 km). East of Hamilton, SR 74 is partnered with US 278.

History[edit]

During the 1960s–1980s, there were some different variations of the routing of US 278 through the cities of Gadsden and Attalla, however construction of four-lane segments on the western side of Gadsden and in Attalla allowed the highway to be placed on its current route which has been in place since the mid-1980s.


U.S. Route 278 Business
LocationPiedmont

Until the mid-1980s, a US 278 Business (US 278 Bus.) existed in the city of Piedmont. US 278 is carried on a four-lane segment that bypasses the center of Piedmont. US 278 Bus. began where the four-lane segment began on the northeast side of Piedmont, then traveled southwest into the center of the city and intersected SR 9 and then traveled to the north, concurrent with SR 9 until it intersected the four-lane US 278 on the northern edge of the city.

Future[edit]

A four-laning project is ongoing east of Gadsden near the town of Hokes Bluff.

Major intersections[edit]

CountyLocationmi[1]kmDestinationsNotes
Lamar0.0000.000 US 278 west / SR 118 begins – TupeloContinuation into Mississippi; western end of SR 118 concurrency
Sulligent5.7419.239 SR 17 – Vernon, Hamilton
MarionGuin17.78528.622 SR 142 east
19.40831.234 SR 107 south – Fayette
19.69231.691 US 43 south / SR 118 west / SR 171 south (11th Avenue East) / SR 142 west (11th Avenue West) – WinfieldSouthern end of US 43 and SR 171 concurrencies; eastern end of SR 118 concurrency
Hamilton28.05445.149 I-22 / US 78 / SR 4 – Tupelo, Birmingham
32.81152.804 SR 17 south / SR 171 ends – VernonSouthern end of SR 17 concurrency; northern end of SR 171 concurrency
33.16353.371 US 43 north / SR 17 north (Military Street North) / SR 74 west (Bexar Avenue West) – HackleburgNorthern end of US 43 and SR 17 concurrencies; western end of SR 74 concurrency
43.48669.984 SR 253 – Hackleburg, Winfield
47.78176.896 SR 241 north to SR 129 – Phil Campbell
48.34277.799 SR 129 – Haleyville, Brilliant, Fayette
WinstonNatural Bridge56.40290.770 SR 13 south – TuscaloosaWestern end of SR 13 concurrency
56.85791.502 SR 5 south / SR 13 north – Russellville, JasperEastern end of SR 13 concurrency
Double Springs69.277111.491 SR 195 north – HaleyvilleWestern end of SR 195 concurrency
69.742112.239 SR 33 north / SR 195 south – Double Springs, MoultonEastern end of SR 195 concurrency
CullmanCullman105.738170.169 I-65 – Birmingham, Huntsville
107.674173.285 US 31 (SR 3 / 2nd Avenue SW) / SR 69Western end of SR 69 concurrency
110.736178.212 SR 69 north – Arab, GuntersvilleEastern end of SR 69 concurrency
111.173178.916 SR 157 north – Cullman, Moulton, FlorenceSouthern terminus of SR 157.
Holly Pond120.978194.695 SR 91 south – Hanceville, Garden CityNorthern terminus of SR 91
Blount126.822204.100 US 231 (SR 53) – Arab, Birmingham
Brooksville129.322208.124 SR 79 – Guntersville, Birmingham
Snead134.880217.068 SR 75 – Albertville, Oneonta
Etowah146.360235.544 SR 132 west – Altoona, OneontaEastern terminus of SR 132
148.539239.050 SR 179 northSouthern terminus of SR 169
Attalla152.840245.972 SR 77 – Albertville, Lincoln
153.338246.774 US 431 north (SR 1) – Albertville, Guntersville, HuntsvilleWestern end of US 431 concurrency
155.253249.855 US 11 south (SR 7 / 3rd Street SW)Western end of US 11 concurrency
155.585250.390 US 11 north (SR 7 / 3rd Street NW)Eastern end of US 11 concurrency
156.428251.746 I-59 – Birmingham, ChattanoogaI-59 exit 183
Gadsden159.707257.024 SR 211 north (Noccalula Road)Southern terminus of SR 211
161.182259.397 US 411 (SR 25 / Albert Rains Boulevard) – Centre, Rainbow City, AshvilleInterchange
161.469259.859 SR 291 south (Hood Avenue) to I-759Northern terminus of SR 291
163.243262.714 US 431 south (SR 1 / East Meighan Boulevard) – AnnistonEastern end of US 431 concurrency
CalhounPiedmont184.081296.250 SR 200 west (Tom Bible Memorial Highway) to SR 21 – Jacksonville, AnnistonEastern terminus of SR 200
184.605297.093 SR 9 south (N. Main Street)Western end of SR 9 concurrency
184.693297.235 SR 9 north – CentreEastern end of SR 9 concurrency
Cherokee
No major junctions
Cleburne199.182320.552 US 278 east / SR 6 east – AtlantaContinuation into Georgia
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Route map:

KML is from Wikidata
  1. ^ a b "Milepost Maps". Alabama Department of Transportation. Archived from the original on April 2, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2015.


U.S. Route 278
Previous state:
Mississippi
Alabama Next state:
Georgia