Alabama Senate

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Coordinates: 32°22′36″N 86°17′56″W / 32.37667°N 86.29889°W / 32.37667; -86.29889

Alabama State Senate
Alabama State Legislature
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Term limits
None
History
New session started
February 2, 2016
Leadership
Kay Ivey (R)
Since January 17, 2011
Del Marsh (R)
Since November 3, 2010
Majority Leader
Greg Reed (R)
Since November 4, 2014
Minority Leader
Quinton Ross (D)
Since November 4, 2014
Structure
Seats 35
Senate diagram 2014 State of Alabama.svg
Length of term
4 years
Authority Article IV, Alabama Constitution
Salary $42,830/yr [1]
Elections
Last election
November 4, 2014
(35 seats)
Next election
November 6, 2018
(35 seats)
Redistricting Legislative Control
Meeting place
State Senate Chamber
Alabama State Capitol
Montgomery, Alabama
Website
Alabama State Senate

The Alabama State Senate is the upper house of the Alabama Legislature, the state legislature of the U.S. state of Alabama. The body is composed of 35 members representing an equal amount of districts across the state, with each district containing at least 127,140 citizens. Similar to the lower house, the Alabama House of Representatives, the Senate serves both without term limits and with a four-year term

The Alabama State Senate meets at the State House in Montgomery.

Like other upper houses of state and territorial legislatures and the United States Senate, the Senate can confirm or reject gubernatorial appointments to the state cabinet, commissions and boards.

Assembly powers[edit]

While the House of Representatives has exclusive power to originate revenue bills, such legislation can be amended and/or substituted by the Senate. Moreover, because the Senate is considered to be the "deliberative body", rules concerning length of debate are more liberal than those of the House of Representatives.

Like the United States Senate, the Alabama Senate has sole power of Confirmation of certain appointees designated by the Constitution and by statute. The legislative antecedent of this role is a similar power that was vested in the Roman Senate during the Roman Republic.

Membership guidelines[edit]

The Alabama Senate is composed of 35 state senators, in keeping with Article IV, Section 50, of the Alabama Constitution, which limits the Alabama House of Representatives to 105 members, and the Senate to 35; together with Article IX, Sections 197 and 198, which requires that membership in the state senate consist of not less than one-fourth, nor more than one-third, of the total membership of the state House of Representatives. Additional representation is authorized in the event of the creation of new counties. Thus, the Alabama Senate is precisely one-third the size of the House of Representatives, and each state senator represents a district of approximately 125,000 Alabamians.

Under Article IV, Section 47 of the Constitution, Senators must be at least 25 years of age at the time of their election, must be citizens and residents of the state of Alabama for at least 3 years, and reside within their district for at least one year prior to election.

Senators, like members of the House of Representatives, are elected for four-year terms, and take office at midnight of the day of their election. Amendment 97 to the Constitution, provides that should a vacancy occur in either house of the Legislature, the governor is required to call a special election to fill the vacancy.

List of State Senators[edit]

District Senator Political Party Hometown First elected Counties represented
1
Tim Melson (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Tim Melson
Republican Florence 2014 Lauderdale, Limestone, Madison
2
William L. Holtzclaw (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
William L. Holtzclaw
Republican Madison 2010 Limestone, Madison
3
Arthur Orr (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Arthur Orr
Republican Decatur 2006 Limestone, Madison, Morgan
4
Paul D. Bussman (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Paul D. Bussman
Republican Cullman 2010 Cullman, Lawrence, Marion, Winston
5
Greg J. Reed (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Gregory J. Reed
Republican Jasper 2010 Jefferson, Fayette, Tuscaloosa, Walker, Winston
6
Larry C. Stutts (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Larry C. Stutts
Republican Tuscumbia 2014 Colbert, Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence, Marion
7
Paul Sanford (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Paul Sanford
Republican Hunstville 2009 Madison
8
Steve Livingston (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Steve Livingston
Republican Gurley 2014 DeKalb, Jackson, Madison
9
Clay Scofield (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Clay Scofield
Republican Arab 2010 Blount, DeKalb, Madison, Marshall
10
Phillip W. Williams (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Phillip W. Williams
Republican Gadsden 2010 Cherokee, DeKalb, Etowah, St. Clair
11
James McClendon (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Jim McClendon
Republican Springville 2014 Shelby, St. Clair, Talladega
12
Adelbert C. "Del" Marsh (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Adelbert "Del" Marsh
Republican Anniston 1998 Calhoun, Clay, Talladega
13
Gerald O. Dial (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Jerry Dial
Republican Lineville 2010 Chambers, Cherokee, Clay, Cleburne, Lee, Randolph
14
Cam Ward (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Cam Ward
Republican Alabaster 2010 Bibb, Chilton, Hale, Jefferson, Shelby
15
Mark S. Blackwell (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Mark S. Blackwell
Republican Mountain Brook 2010 Jefferson, Shelby, Talladega
16
James Thomas Waggoner (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
James Thomas Waggoner
Republican Birmingham 1990 Jefferson, Shelby
17
Shay Shellnut (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Shay Shellnut
Republican Trussville 2014 Blount, Calhoun, Jefferson, St. Clair
18
Rodger M. Smitherman (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Rodger M. Smitherman
Democratic Birmingham 1994 Jefferson
19
Priscilla Dunn (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Priscilla Dunn
Democratic Bessemer 2009 Jefferson
20
Linda Coleman-Madison (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Linda Coleman-Madison
Democratic Birmingham 2006 Jefferson
21
Gerald H. Allen (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Gerald H. Allen
Republican Tuscaloosa 2010 Lamar, Pickens, Tuscaloosa
22
Greg Albritton (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Greg Albritton
Republican Range 2014 Baldwin, Choctaw, Clarke, Conecuh, Escambia, Mobile, Monroe, Washington
23
Hank Sanders (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Hank Sanders
Democratic Selma 1982 Butler, Clarke, Conecuh, Dallas, Lowndes, Marengo, Monroe, Perry, Washington, Wilcox
24
Bobby D. Singleton (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Bobby D. Singleton
Democratic Greensboro 2005 Choctaw, Clarke, Greene, Hale, Marengo, Perry, Pickens, Sumter, Tuscaloosa
25
Dick L. Brewbaker (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Dick L. Brewbaker
Republican Montgomery 2010 Crenshaw, Elmore, Montgomery
26
Quinton T. Ross Jr. (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Quinton T. Ross Jr.
Democratic Montgomery 2002 Montgomery
27
Tom Whatley (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Thomas Whatley
Republican Auburn 2010 Lee, Russell, Tallapoosa
28
William M. Beasley (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
William M. Beasley
Democratic Clayton 2010 Barbour, Bullock, Henry, Lee, Macon, Russell
29
Harri Anne Smith (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Harri Anne Smith
Independent (Caucuses Republican) Slocomb 1998 Dale, Geneva, Houston
30
Clyde Chambliss (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Clyde Chambliss
Republican Prattville 2014 Autauga, Chilton, Coosa, Elmore, Tallapoosa
31
Jimmy W. Holley (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Jimmy W. Holley
Republican Elba 1998 Coffee, Covington, Dale, Pike
32
Lee Pittman (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Lee "Trip" Pitman
Republican Fairhope 2007 Baldwin
33
Vivian D. Figures (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Vivian Davis Figures
Democratic Mobile 1997 Mobile
34
Rusty Glover (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Rusty Glover
Republican Semmes 2006 Mobile
35
Bill Hightower (2017 official portrait as Alabama State Senator).jpg
Bill Hightower
Republican Tillman's Corner 2013 Mobile

Composition[edit]

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Ind Democratic
January 11, 2017[2] 26 1 8
Latest voting share 74.3% 2.9% 22.9%

Leadership of the Senate[edit]

The Lieutenant Governor of Alabama serves as the President of the Senate, but only casts a vote if required to break a tie. In his or her absence, the President Pro Tempore presides over the Senate. The President Pro Tempore is elected by the full Senate by nominations taken from the floor, followed by a recorded vote. The President Pro Tempore is the chief leadership position in the Senate. The other Senate Majority and Minority leaders are elected by their respective party caucuses.

The President of the Senate is Alabama Lieutenant Governor Kay Ivey. The President Pro Tempore is Republican Del Marsh. The Majority Leader is Republican Greg Reed and the Minority Leader is Democrat Quinton Ross.

Committees[edit]

Current committees include:[3]

  • Agriculture, Conservation and Forestry
  • Banking and Insurance
  • Business and Labor
  • Children, Youth Affairs, and Human Resources
  • Commerce, Transportation, and Utilities
  • Confirmations
  • Constitution, Campaign Finance, Ethics, and Elections
  • Economic Expansion and Trade
  • Education
  • Energy and Natural Resources
  • Finance and Taxation Education
  • Finance and Taxation General Fund
  • Fiscal Responsibility and Accountability
  • Governmental Affairs
  • Health
  • Industrial Development and Recruitment
  • Judiciary
  • Local Legislation No. 1
  • Local Legislation No. 2
  • Local Legislation No. 3
  • Rules
  • Small Business and Economic Development
  • Tourism and Marketing
  • Veterans and Military Affairs

Senate seal[edit]

The Senate Seal features an open book and torch, accompanied by the Latin phrase Libertas Per Lege, meaning "Liberty Through Law". The official Seal of the Senate was adopted by Senate Resolution, August 19, 1965, and was created by a special committee consisting of then Senators John Tyson (Mobile), Vaughan Hill Robison (Montgomery), Bill Nichols (Talladega), Lieutenant Governor Jim Allen and Secretary of the Senate McDowell Lee.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]