Alachua County, Florida

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Alachua County
Alachua County Courthouse
Alachua County Courthouse
Flag of Alachua County
Official logo of Alachua County
Map of Florida highlighting Alachua County
Location within the U.S. state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 29°41′N 82°22′W / 29.68°N 82.37°W / 29.68; -82.37
Country United States
State Florida
FoundedDecember 29, 1824
Named forAlachua (Timucuan word for "sinkhole")
SeatGainesville
Largest cityGainesville
Area
 • Total969 sq mi (2,510 km2)
 • Land875 sq mi (2,270 km2)
 • Water94 sq mi (240 km2)  9.7%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2020)
278,468
 • Density301/sq mi (116/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.alachuacounty.us

Alachua County (/əˈlæuə/ (listen) ə-LATCH-oo-ə) is a county in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2020 census, the population was 278,468.[1] The county seat is Gainesville,[2] the home of the University of Florida since 1906, when the campus opened with 106 students.

Alachua County is part of the Gainesville Metropolitan Statistical Area. The county is known for its diverse culture, local music, and artisans. Much of its economy revolves around the university, which had nearly 55,000 students in the fall of 2016.

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The first people known to have entered the area of Alachua County were Paleo-Indians, who left artifacts in the Santa Fe River basin before 8000 BCE. Artifacts from the Archaic period (8000 - 2000 BCE) have been found at several sites in Alachua County. Permanent settlements appeared in what is now Alachua County around 100 CE, as people of the wide-ranging Deptford culture developed the local Cades Pond culture. The Cades Pond culture gave way to the Alachua culture around 600 CE.[3]

The Timucua-speaking Potano tribe lived in the Alachua culture area in the 16th century, when the Spanish entered Florida. The Potano were incorporated by the colonists in the Spanish mission system, but new infectious diseases, rebellion, and raids by tribes backed by the English led to severe population declines. What is now Alachua County had lost much of its indigenous population by the early 18th century.[4]

In the 17th century Francisco Menéndez Márquez, Royal Treasurer for Spanish Florida, established the La Chua ranch on the northern side of what is now known as Payne's Prairie, on a bluff overlooking the Alachua Sink.[5] Chua may have been the Timucua language word for sinkhole. Lieutenant Diego Peña reported in 1716 that he passed by springs named Aquilachua, Usichua, Usiparachua, and Afanochua while traveling through what is now Suwannee County. In the twentieth-century, anthropologist J. Clarence Simpson assumed the named springs were in fact sinkholes.[6] The Spanish later called the interior of Florida west of the St. Johns River Tierras de la Chua, which became "Alachua Country" in English.[7]

Around 1740 a band of Oconee people led by Ahaya, who was called "Cowkeeper" by the English, settled on what is now Payne's Prairie.[8] Ahaya's band became known as the Alachua Seminole. In 1774 botanist William Bartram visited Ahaya's town, Cuscowilla, near what Bartram called the Alachua Savanna. King Payne, who succeeded Ahaya as chief of the Alachua Seminole, established a new town known as Payne's Town.

In 1812, during the Patriot War of East Florida, an attempt by American adventurers to seize Spanish Florida, a force of more than 100 volunteers from Georgia led by Colonel Daniel Newnan ran into a band of Alachua Seminole led by King Payne near Newnans Lake. After several days of intermittent fighting, Colonel Newnan's force withdrew. King Payne was wounded in the fight and died two months later. The Alachua Seminole left Payne's Town and moved further west and south, but other bands of Seminole moved in. A second American expedition in 1813 of U. S. Army troops and militia from Tennessee, led by Lt. Colonel Thomas Adams Smith, found some Seminoles, killing about 20, and burned every Seminole village they could find in the area.[9][10]

In 1814 a group of more than 100 American settlers moved to a point believed to be near the abandoned Payne's Town (near present-day Micanopy) and declared the establishment of the District of Elotchaway of the Republic of East Florida. The settlement collapsed a few months later after its leader, Colonel Buckner Harris, was killed by Seminole; the settlers returned to Georgia.[11]

American settlement[edit]

Map of Alachua County, 1883

In 1817 F. M. Arredondo received the 20-mile square Arredondo Grant in the southern part of what is Alachua County. By the time Florida was formally transferred from Spain to the United States, people from the United States and from Europe were settling in the area. Wanton's Store, near the site of the abandoned King Payne's Town, attracted settlers, primarily from Europe, who founded Micanopy. The 1823 Treaty of Moultrie Creek required the Seminole to move a reservation south of what is now Ocala, and the flow of settlers into the area increased. Many occupied former Seminole towns, such as Hogtown.

Alachua County was created by the Florida territorial legislature in 1824. The new county stretched from the border with Georgia south to Charlotte Harbor. The original county seat was Wanton's (the name Micanopy had not been adopted). In 1828 the county seat was moved to Newnansville, near the current site of the city of Alachua.[11]

As the area's population increased, Alachua County's size was reduced to organize new counties. In 1832 the county's northern part, including Newnansville, was separated to create Columbia County, forcing the county seat to move to various temporary locations, then to Spring Grove, from 1836 to 1839. In 1834 Hillsborough County was created, which included the area around Tampa Bay down to Charlotte Harbor. In 1839 that part of Columbia County south of the Santa Fe River was returned to Alachua County, and Newnansville was restored as the county seat. Hernando County was created in 1843 from that part of Alachua County south of the Withlacoochee River; Marion County was created in 1844; and Levy County was created in 1846 from that part of Alachua County west of the Suwannee River. It would be another 80 years before Alachua County was again reduced in size.[11]

In 1853, the residents of Alachua County realized that the route of the planned Florida Railroad connecting Fernandina to Cedar Key would bypass Newnansville. A general meeting at Boulware Springs was called to consider moving the county seat to a new town on the expected route of the railroad. The motion to move the county seat was hotly contested by the residents of Newnansville, but Tillman Ingram, a plantation owner in Hogtown who owned a sawmill there, offered to build a courthouse in the new town for such a favorable price that the move was approved. The name "Gainesville" was then chosen for the new town. The county seat was moved to Gainesville in late 1856 upon completion of the new courthouse.[12]

Lynchings and disenfranchisement[edit]

During the post-Reconstruction period, White Democrats regained control of the state legislature and worked to restore White supremacy. Violence against Blacks, including lynchings, rose in the late 19th and early 20th centuries as Whites imposed Jim Crow and discriminatory laws, disenfranchising most blacks, which forced them out of the political system. Alachua County was the site of 21 documented lynchings between 1891 and 1926.[13] The first three documented lynchings, in Gainesville in 1891, involved two Black men and a White man, who were associated with the notorious Harmon Murray.[14] Ten lynchings took place in Newberry, six of them in a mass lynching there in 1916.[13] These lynchings were conducted outside the justice system, by mobs or small groups working alone. Nineteen of the victims were Black; two were White.[15] (A 2015 report by the Equal Justice Institute, based in Montgomery, Alabama, had identified 18 lynchings.[16] The Historical Commission documented three more, including two white men.)[15]

In September 2017, the County Commission approved plans to place markers with the names of the victims in the county. (See linked article for names of these individuals.)[15] They are working with the Historical Commission and cities to discuss how best to achieve this.[13] A state historical marker on the Newberry Lynchings was dedicated in 2019.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 969 square miles (2,510 km2), of which 875 square miles (2,270 km2) is land and 94 square miles (240 km2) (9.7%) is water.[17]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18302,204
18402,2823.5%
18502,52410.6%
18608,232226.1%
187017,328110.5%
188016,462−5.0%
189022,93439.3%
190032,24540.6%
191034,3056.4%
192031,689−7.6%
193034,3658.4%
194038,60712.3%
195057,02647.7%
196074,07429.9%
1970104,76441.4%
1980151,34844.5%
1990181,59620.0%
2000217,95520.0%
2010247,33613.5%
2020278,46812.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[18]
1790-1960[19] 1900-1990[20]
1990-2000[21] 2010-2015[1]
Alachua County racial composition
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Pop 2010[24] Pop 2020[25] % 2010 % 2020
White (NH) 157,466 160,463 63.66% 57.62%
Black or African American (NH) 49,420 51,171 19.98% 18.38%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 603 562 0.24% 0.2%
Asian (NH) 13,098 17,891 5.3% 6.42%
Pacific Islander (NH) 122 101 0.05% 0.04%
Some Other Race (NH) 703 1,668 0.28% 0.6%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 5,172 12,998 2.09% 4.67%
Hispanic or Latino 20,752 33,614 8.39% 12.07%
Total 247,336 278,468 100.00% 100.00%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 278,468 people, 101,979 households, and 50,803 families residing in the county.

As of the 2010 United States Census,[26] there were 247,336 people, 100,516 households, and 53,500 families residing in the county. There were 112,766 housing units in the county, an occupancy rate of 89.1%; of the occupied units, 54,768 (54.5%) were owner-occupied and 45,748 (45.5%) were renter-occupied. The population density was 282.91/sq mi (109.24/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 172,156 (69.9%) White, 50,282 (20.3%) Black or African American, 906 (0.3%) Native American, 13,235 (5.4%) Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.7% from other races, and 2.6% from two or more races. 20,752 (8.4%) of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 100,516 households, 22.0% included children under the age of 18, 36.4% included a married husband and wife couple, 4.0% had a male head of house with no wife present, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.8% were non-families. 24.8% of all households included at least one child under the age of 18, and 19.6% included at least one member 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

The demographic spread showed 17.9% under the age of 18 and 10.8% who were 65 years of age or older; 48.4% of the population identified as male and 51.6% as female. The median age was 30.1 years.

The five year American Community Survey completed 2011 gave a median household income of $41,473 (inflation indexed to 2011 dollars) and a median family income of $63,435. Male full-time year round workers had a median income of $42,865, versus $36,351 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,172; 23.6% of the population was living below the poverty line.[27]

Languages[edit]

As of 2010, 86.43% of the population spoke English as their primary language, while Spanish was spoken by 6.38%, 1.18% spoke Chinese, 0.57% were speakers of Korean, and 0.52% spoke French as their native language.[28]

Alachua County Judicial Center in Gainesville

Education[edit]

The Alachua County School District and its 47 institutions serve the entire county. Alachua County is also home to the University of Florida and Santa Fe College.

Library[edit]

The Alachua County Library District is an independent special taxing district and the sole provider of public library service to approximately 250,000 citizens of Alachua County. This includes all of the incorporated municipalities in the county. It maintains a Headquarters Library and four other branches in Gainesville. These locations include the Millhopper Branch in northwest Gainesville, the Tower Road Branch in unincorporated Alachua county southwest of Gainesville, the Library Partnership Branch in northeast Gainesville, and the Cone Park Branch in east Gainesville. The district also operates branches in the Alachua County municipalities of Alachua, Archer, Hawthorne, High Springs, Micanopy, Newberry, and Waldo, as well as a branch at the Alachua County Jail. The district's two bookmobiles visit more than 25 locations in the county from two to five times a month.[29][30][31]

Library history[edit]

The Alachua County Library District traces its origins to 1905, when the Twentieth Century Club in Gainesville started a subscription library. The Gainesville Public Library, a subscription library operated by the Library Association, opened in 1906. The Twentieth Century Club donated the books from its subscription library, and the new library also received books from the library of the East Florida Seminary, which had been absorbed by the newly founded University of Florida.

The Gainesville Public Library became a free library in 1918, supported by funds from city taxes from all residents, but it was available only to whites. The building was constructed with the aid of a Carnegie library grant. The library became a department of the City of Gainesville in 1949. It was not until 1953 and opening of the Carver Branch Library that the city's African Americans had access to a library, as public facilities were still segregated. The Carver Branch closed in 1969, after the main library's desegregation.

In 1958, the City of Gainesville and Alachua County agreed to jointly operate the library for the county. Branch libraries opened in High Springs, Hawthorne and Micanopy the next year, and a bookmobile was put into service. Alachua County joined with Bradford County to operate the Santa Fe Regional Library. After Bradford County withdrew from the Regional Library, the Alachua County Library District was formally established in 1986. The Millhopper and Tower Road branches opened in 1992, and the branches in Alachua, Archer, Newberry and Waldo were all opened by 1997. The Library Partnership Branch opened in 2009, and the Cone Park Branch in 2011. A new, permanent location for the Cone Park Branch Library opened near the Eastside Community Center in Gainesville on December 14, 2013.[32][33][34]

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Airports[edit]

Government[edit]

Voter registration[edit]

As of August 31, 2022, the county had a Democratic plurality, with large Republican and independent minorities.[35]

Name Number of voters %
Democratic 86,128 47.82
Republican 48,508 26.93
Independent 42,458 23.57
Minor parties 3,021 1.68
Total 180,115

Statewide elections[edit]

Like many other counties containing large state universities, Alachua County regularly supports the Democratic Party. It has voted for the Democratic candidate for president in the past eight elections. The county last supported a Republican presidential candidate in 1988, when it narrowly went for George H. W. Bush.

United States presidential election results for Alachua County, Florida[36]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 50,972 35.63% 89,704 62.71% 2,371 1.66%
2016 46,834 36.00% 75,820 58.28% 7,446 5.72%
2012 48,797 40.40% 69,699 57.71% 2,277 1.89%
2008 48,513 38.51% 75,565 59.99% 1,889 1.50%
2004 47,762 42.90% 62,504 56.14% 1,062 0.95%
2000 34,135 39.80% 47,380 55.25% 4,242 4.95%
1996 25,316 33.97% 40,161 53.90% 9,039 12.13%
1992 22,813 29.87% 37,888 49.61% 15,671 20.52%
1988 30,153 50.08% 29,396 48.82% 664 1.10%
1984 30,609 53.46% 26,584 46.43% 60 0.10%
1980 19,804 38.56% 26,849 52.27% 4,711 9.17%
1976 15,546 34.87% 27,895 62.58% 1,137 2.55%
1972 22,536 56.54% 17,245 43.26% 80 0.20%
1968 9,670 34.02% 10,060 35.39% 8,696 30.59%
1964 11,151 45.27% 13,483 54.73% 0 0.00%
1960 10,072 52.05% 9,279 47.95% 0 0.00%
1956 7,939 53.54% 6,889 46.46% 0 0.00%
1952 8,432 58.47% 5,990 41.53% 0 0.00%
1948 2,403 23.60% 3,745 36.78% 4,034 39.62%
1944 1,690 22.70% 5,755 77.30% 0 0.00%
1940 1,372 16.97% 6,714 83.03% 0 0.00%
1936 890 15.67% 4,788 84.33% 0 0.00%
1932 983 21.90% 3,506 78.10% 0 0.00%
1928 1,824 45.51% 1,965 49.03% 219 5.46%
1924 528 18.90% 1,995 71.40% 271 9.70%
1920 1,119 24.52% 3,310 72.52% 135 2.96%
1916 440 17.29% 2,030 79.76% 75 2.95%
1912 221 12.77% 1,304 75.33% 206 11.90%
1908 686 33.79% 1,239 61.03% 105 5.17%
1904 543 28.24% 1,277 66.41% 103 5.36%
1900 334 19.02% 1,346 76.65% 76 4.33%
1896 645 28.73% 1,545 68.82% 55 2.45%
1892 0 0.00% 1,447 84.27% 270 15.73%


Previous gubernatorial election results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2018 35.79% 41,278 63.05% 72,711 1.04% 1,203
2014 39.79% 31,097 56.37% 44,052 3.84% 3,004
2010 38.03% 28,129 59.40% 43,933 2.57% 1,899
2006 42.74% 30,139 54.94% 38,741 2.32% 1,636
2002 41.38% 29,118 57.73% 40,621 0.90% 629
1998 44.79% 23,812 55.19% 29,343 0.03% 14
1994 38.16% 21,624 61.82% 35,030 0.01% 7

[37]

Law enforcement[edit]

The Alachua County Sheriff's Office is the chief law enforcement agency for unincorporated areas of Alachua County. As of 2021 the current sheriff is Clovis Watson Jr.[38] He was preceded by Sadie Darnell, the first female sheriff for the county and cousin to Tom Petty.[39][40]

In June 2007, 10 employees in the sheriff's office, including the jail's director, were either fired or resigned while being investigated.[41]

As of 2015 the sheriff's office had at least one Lenco BearCat armored vehicle and two helicopters provided by the federal government under various programs. The office received criticism after the BearCat was used in a routine traffic stop.[42]

On 9 August 2021, a prison inmate Erica Thompson, gave birth while being held in the county jail. Her baby died. Despite the mother's screams, jail staff did not provide or call for medical assistance. An investigation held that law enforcement did not violate any law or policy.[43]

Landfills[edit]

Alachua County is the site of five closed landfills—Southwest Landfill, Southeast Landfill, Northwest Landfill, Northeast Landfill, and Northeast Auxiliary Landfill.[44] Since 1999, all solid waste from Alachua County has been hauled to the New River Solid Waste Facility in Raiford, in neighboring Union County.[45]

Communities[edit]

# Incorporated Community Designation Population
2 Alachua City 9,561
6 Archer City 1,158
1 Gainesville City 128,460
5 Hawthorne City 1,471
3 High Springs City 5,672
9 La Crosse Town 372
8 Micanopy Town 622
4 Newberry City 6,249 [46]
7 Waldo City 1,024

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Historic communities[edit]

Alachua County had a number of populated places, usually with a post office, established in the 19th century or early 20th century, but which were abandoned or had a much reduced population by the middle of the 20th century. Notable historic communities include:

  • Hogtown was originally a Seminole village. It was abandoned after Gainesville was founded. The site of the former community was later annexed into the City of Gainesville.
  • Newnansville was the first county seat of Alachua County. It lost importance (and the county seat) after the railroads bypassed it, and was abandoned by the early 20th century.
  • Paradise was a suburb of Gainesville that was eventually annexed into the City of Gainesville.
  • Spring Grove was the second county seat of Alachua County, after Newnansville was included in the newly created Columbia County, until Newnansville was returned to Alachua County and restored as the county seat. It was abandoned sometime in the middle of the 19th century.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 13, 2022.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Milanich, Jerald T. (1994). Archaeology of Precolumbian Florida. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida. pp. 43, 62–64, 228, 335. ISBN 978-0-8130-1273-5.
  4. ^ Milanich, Jerald T. (1998). Florida Indians and the Invasion from Europe. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. pp. 90–91, 173–176, 185–187, 232–237. ISBN 978-0-8130-1636-8.
  5. ^ Hann, John H. (1996). A History of the Timucua Indians and Missions. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. pp. 193–194. ISBN 978-0-8130-1424-1.
  6. ^ Simpson, J. Clarence (1956). Florida Place-Names of Indian Derivation. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Geological Survey. pp. 20–21.
  7. ^ Monaco, Chris (Summer 2000). "Fort Mitchell and the Settlement of the Alachua Country". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 79 (1): 1–25. JSTOR 30149405.
  8. ^ Simpson, J. Clarence (1956). Mark F. Boyd (ed.). Florida Place-Names of Indian Derivation. Tallahassee, Florida: Florida Geological Survey. pp. 20–21.
  9. ^ Andersen, Lars (2001). Payne's Prairie: A History of the Great Savanna. Sarasota, Florida: Pineapple Press, Inc. pp. 47, 51–52, 59–66. ISBN 978-1-56164-225-0.
  10. ^ Patrick, Rembert W. (1954). Florida Fiasco: Rampant Rebels on the Georgia-Florida Border 1810–1815. Athens, Georgia: University of Georgia Press. pp. 230–234. LCCN 53-13265.
  11. ^ a b c LaCoe, Norm (1974). "The Alachua Frontier". In Opdyke, John B. (ed.). Alachua County: A Sesquicentennial Tibute. Gainesville, Florida: The Alachua County Historical Commission. pp. 7–15.
  12. ^ Hildreth, Charles H.; Cox, Merlin G. (1981). History of Gainesville. Gainesville, Florida: Alachua County Historical Society. pp. 2–3, 7–8.
  13. ^ a b c Nicole Dan, "Newberry Lynchings: Should They Be Memorialized?", WUFT-TV, 6 December 2017; accessed 20 March 2018
  14. ^ Chandler, Billy Jaynes (October 1994). "Harmon Murray: Black Desperado in Later Nineteenth-Century Florida". The Florida Historical Quarterly. 73 (2): 163–174. JSTOR 30146739.
  15. ^ a b c Dan, Nicole (September 27, 2017). "At Least 21 Lynched In Alachua County, Historical Commission Confirms". WUFT-TV. Retrieved January 9, 2018.
  16. ^ "Lynching in America/ Supplement: Lynchings by County, 3rd Edition, 2015, p.2" (PDF).[permanent dead link]
  17. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  18. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  19. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  20. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
  22. ^ http://www.census.gov[not specific enough to verify]
  23. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  24. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  25. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved May 26, 2022.
  26. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  27. ^ "2007-2011 American Community Survey". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
  28. ^ "Modern Language Association Data Center Results, Alachua County, Florida". Modern Language Association. Archived from the original on June 19, 2006. Retrieved August 1, 2013.
  29. ^ "Locations | Alachua County Library District". www.aclib.us. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  30. ^ "Alachua County Sheriff's Office". www.alachuasheriff.org. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  31. ^ "Bookmobile stops | Alachua County Library District". www.aclib.us. Archived from the original on December 5, 2015. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  32. ^ "Florida Library History Project".
  33. ^ "Alachua County Library District Heritage Collection". heritage.acld.lib.fl.us. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  34. ^ "Cone Park library hosting grand opening". Gainesville.com. Retrieved December 4, 2015.
  35. ^ "Voter Registration - By County and Party". dos.myflorida.com. Retrieved September 28, 2022.
  36. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections".
  37. ^ "Election Results".
  38. ^ "ALACHUA COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE". ALACHUA COUNTY SHERIFF'S OFFICE. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  39. ^ Swirko, Cindy (January 9, 2021). "Darnell hands in the badge after 42 years in law enforcement". Gainesville Sun. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  40. ^ "Gainesville mourns 'No. 1 son' Tom Petty, schedules memorial concert". Florida Politics. October 13, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  41. ^ "The Gainesville Sun, June 03, 2007 - At agency, 10 ousters since sheriff took job". Archived from the original on March 3, 2016. Retrieved December 24, 2021.
  42. ^ Sarkissian, Arek (May 22, 2015). "ASO deputies disciplined following traffic stop by armored vehicle". Gainesville Sun. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved May 30, 2015.
  43. ^ Swirko, Cindy (August 11, 2021). "A baby born in Alachua County Jail died. The mother said jail staff ignored her screams". Gainesville Sun. Retrieved December 21, 2021.
  44. ^ "Landfills". Alachua County, Florida. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  45. ^ "Brief History of the Environmental Park". Alachua County, Florida. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  46. ^ "Population Studies Program". Bureau of Economic and Business Research University of Florida.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[22][23]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°41′N 82°22′W / 29.683°N 82.367°W / 29.683; -82.367