This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Senator, Brussels Parliament|
19 June 1958|
Mouvement réformateur (liberal)
Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
|Alma mater||University of Liège , Paris Institute of Political Studies (France)|
Alain Destexhe (born 19 June 1958) is a Belgian liberal politician. He was a senator from 1995 to 2011, and remains a member of the Brussels Regional Parliament. Destexhe is a member of the liberal Reformist Movement and represents Belgium in the World Economic Forum. He was awarded the Prize of Liberty by Nova Civitas in 2006. He was Secretary-General of Médecins Sans Frontières from 1991 to 1995, and President of the International Crisis Group from 1997 to October 1999.
After his medical studies, he became volunteer for Médecins Sans Frontières (1985-1988).
He took part to different missions in the ground, notably :
- in a Salvadorean refugee camp (Mesa Grande) in Honduras;
- in Guinea, following the death of the dictator Ahmed Sékou Touré;
- in Guatemala, on the boundary between government and guerrilla. His entire shift was expelled by the military regime;
- in Sudan, with Tigre's refugees who fled their country in order to escape starvation in Ethiopia in 1995;
- in Djibouti.
In 1993, he was appointed for two years as the first General Secretary of the international network of Médecins Sans Frontières. He will be then confronted with many international crises: Bosnia, Iraq (1st Gulf War), Rwanda (genocide, 1994), Somalia (famine).
From 1997 to 1999, Destexhe was President of the International Crisis Group (ICG).
Destexhe was elected a Senator in the 1995 elections, and re-elected in 1999. He was re-elected for the new Mouvement Réformateur in 2003 and 2007 due to support from the Francophone electoral college, but failed to win re-election in 2010. He was also elected to the Parliament of the Brussels-Capital Region in 2004, and re-elected.
After the 2014 elections, Destexhe was reelected in the Senate. He also serves as Vice-President of the Belgian delegation in the Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU). In 2014 he was appointed as a rapporteur on the destruction and degradation of our tangible and intangible heritage.
In addition to his role in the Senate, Destexhe has been serving as member of the Belgian delegation to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe since 2014. As member of the Reformist Movement, he is vice-chairman of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe group. Since 2016, he has been serving as chairman of the Assembly’s Committee on Legal Affairs and Human Rights as well as of its Sub-Committee on Conflicts between Council of Europe Member States. He is also a member of the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee), the Committee on Political Affairs and Democracy and the Sub-Committee on External Relations. Since 2017, he has been the Assembly’s rapporteur on Azerbaijan. Prior to that, he authored a report on recommendations for the Council of Europe’s co-operation with the International Criminal Court in 2016. Desthexhe is also currently a Board Member of The Parliamentary Network on the World Bank & International Monetary Fund.
Destexhe has published a number of books, including one, translated into English, dealing with the Rwandan Genocide. His book deals mainly with historical antecedents leading up to the mass killings in 1994 and who was to blame. Afterwards, his analyses of that era have been used in many parliamentary enquiries and investigation commissions. A 2004 exchange between Destexhe and Canadian general Roméo Dallaire, the military leader of the UN peacekeeping force in Rwanda, can be see in the CBC documentary Shake Hands with the Devil: The Journey of Roméo Dallaire. Destexhe stated that Dallaire failed to protect his troops and cost the lives of ten Belgian Blue Helmet soldiers in UN service.
- Qui a tue nos paras? (1996)
- Rwanda and Genocide in the Twentieth Century (1995), New York University Press and Pluto Press (originally Rwanda, essai sur le genocide, 1994)
- L'humanitaire impossible, ou, Deux siecles d'ambiguite (1993)
- Amerique centrale: Enjeux politiques (Questions au XXe siecle) (1989)
- senate.be, Alain Destexhe - MR
- ICG, Fifteen Years on the Front Lines, 1995-2010 Archived 13 March 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 June 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013.
- "Belgische Senaat" (in Dutch). Belgian Senate. Retrieved 10 June 2009.
- AWEPA, Governing Council, The Association of European Parliamentarians with Africa main page Archived 24 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
- Rapporteur calls for an inquiry into the circumstances of the death of Mehman Galandarov Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, press release of May 5, 2017.
- SOC Statement on the situation of PACE’s President Socialist Group, April 28, 2017.