Alain de Boissieu
|Alain de Boissieu|
5 July 1914|
|Died||5 April 2006
|Occupation||Général of the French Army|
|Known for||Grand Chancelier of the Légion d'honneur (1975-81)|
Alain de Boissieu (French pronunciation: [alɛ̃ də bwasjø]; 5 July 1914, in Chartres, Eure-et-Loir – 5 April 2006, in Clamart) was a French general, Free French, Compagnon de la Libération, Army chief of staff (1971–1975) and son-in-law of general Charles de Gaulle.
Son of a French noble family with title coming from Forez and Lyon (de Boissieu), Alain de Boissieu was a pupil at École Spéciale Militaire de Saint-Cyr (French military academy) in 1936 and Saumur (French cavalry school) in 1938. He was a cavalry officer during World War II and, with horses and sabre, made a successful charge (one of the last in cavalry history) against German troops on 11 June 1940.
A prisoner of the Germans, he managed to escape to Russia in March 1941. But Joseph Stalin was, at this time, the ally of Hitler. So he was sent for a while to a Russian camp. Finally, after Germany attacked Russia mid-1941, he joined general Charles de Gaulle and the Free French Forces (FFL) in London.
As a Free French, Alain de Boissieu was a member of the military operations over Bayonne (Easter 1942) and Dieppe (Dieppe Raid, August 1942), in Madagascar and Djibouti with the FFL. He fought in the Battle of Normandy from 30 July 1944, as an officer of the famous 2nd Armored Division (French: 2ème division blindée) of general Philippe Leclerc, and was wounded on 12 August. He fought for the Liberation of Paris (25 August 1944).
In 1946, Alain de Boissieu married Élisabeth de Gaulle, the daughter of general Charles de Gaulle.
He fought in Algeria (1956). On 22 August 1962 he was in the same car as his father-in-law during the terrorist attack of Petit-Clamart planned by the Organisation armée secrète, when he saved the life of Charles de Gaulle.
As a general, he commanded the French military academy of Saint-Cyr, and of l'École militaire interarmes de Coëtquidan (1964).
He was army chief of staff (in French, "chef d'État-major de l'Armée de Terre") (1971–1975).
Alain de Boissieu became Grand Chancelier de l'ordre de la Légion d'Honneur and Chancelier de l'Ordre National du Mérite (1975–1981) and Chancelier de l'Ordre de la Libération (2002–2006). He resigned from the first two positions in May 1981 in order not to be obligated to swear allegiance to, and present the Grand Necklace of the Légion d'Honneur to, newly elected French President François Mitterrand, who had called his father-in-law, Charles de Gaulle, a "dictator" in the 1960s.
Books by Alain de Boissieu
- "Pour Combattre avec de Gaulle (1940-1945)", Paris, 1981.
- "Pour servir le Général (1946-1970)", Paris, 1982.
- Biography in L'Ordre de la Libération (in French)