Alajuela (canton)

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Santamaria, Juan -monumento Alajuela 04.jpg
Official seal of Alajuela
Location of Alajuela Canton in Alajuela Province
Location of Alajuela Canton in Alajuela Province
Country Costa Rica
Province Alajuela
 • Total 388.43 km2 (149.97 sq mi)
Population (June 2013)
 • Total 285,259
 • Density 730/km2 (1,900/sq mi)

Alajuela is the name of the first canton in the province of Alajuela in Costa Rica. The canton covers an area of 388.43 square kilometres (149.97 sq mi),[1] and has a population of 285,259 (estimate as of 2013).[2] Its capital is the provincial capital city of Alajuela.

Northward from the city of Alajuela, the canton continues along the border with the province of Heredia to its east, encompassing a strip of the Cordillera Central (Central Mountain Range) between Poas Volcano and Barva Volcano. On the Caribbean side of the mountains, the canton takes in a portion of the Sarapiquí area. The Río Poás (Poas River) forms the major portion of the canton's western border, finally giving way to the Río Poasito as the territory ascends into the Cordillera Central.

Southwest of the city of Alajuela, the canton of Alajuela ends at the confluence of the Río Grande (Great River) and the Río Virilla (Virilla River).


The canton of Alajuela is subdivided into 14 districts (distritos):[3]

  1. Alajuela
  2. San José
  3. Carrizal
  4. San Antonio
  5. Guácima
  6. San Isidro
  7. Sabanilla
  8. San Rafael
  9. Desamparados
  10. Turrúcares
  11. Tambor
  12. Garita
  13. Sarapiquí


Alajuela was first mentioned as a canton in a decree dated December 7, 1848. It is a major area for the production of coffee, strawberries and ornamental plants.


  1. ^ Instituto Geográfico Nacional (IGN), 2001
  2. ^ Estadísticas Vitales 2013 Archived 2015-04-02 at the Wayback Machine. - INEC
  3. ^ "División Territorial Administrativa de Costa Rica" (PDF) (in Spanish). Instituto de Fomento y Asesoria Municipal (IFAM). 5 May 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 August 2015. 

Coordinates: 10°09′54″N 84°15′59″W / 10.16500°N 84.26639°W / 10.16500; -84.26639