Alaksandu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Alaksandu, (Hittite: 𒀀𒆷𒀝𒊭𒀭𒁺𒍑 Alâkšândûš) alternatively called Alakasandu or Alaksandus was a king of Wilusa who sealed a treaty with Hittite king Muwatalli II ca. 1280 BC. This treaty implies that Alaksandu had previously secured a treaty with Muwatalli's father, Mursili II, as well. His name appears to be of Ancient Greek origin (see Ἀλέξανδρος).

Biography[edit]

Alaksandu was a successor of one Kukkunni, although it is not known if he was his immediate successor. Muwatalli recalls the friendship of Kukkunni with his own grandfather, Suppiluliuma I, and further evokes over three centuries of friendship between the Hittites and Wilusa dating back to the reign of Hattusili I.

Muwatalli in his letter downplays the importance of royal ancestry, suggesting that Alaksandu had come to power by other means than regular succession, so that Alaksandu is not necessarily a blood-relation of Kukkunni's. This has been taken as a hint that he may have been an early Greek ruler called Alexander, and he has been associated with Homer's Alexandros of Ilios, who is better known by his nickname Paris of Troy. However this is uncertain, since Alaksandu lived at least half a century before the historical period sometimes associated with the Trojan War,[1] although the name Alaksandus, which does not conform to the Anatolian onomastic tradition, must be a transcription of the Greek name Alexandros;[2] this would be the most early evidence of this name, still current in present-day Western culture. One of three gods guaranteeing the terms of the treaty on the side of Alaksandu is the "Stormgod of the Army", Apaliunas (DA-ap-pa-li-u-na-aš), who is usually equated to Apollo. Apollo is portrayed in the Iliad as the foremost champion of the Trojans and the one who helped Paris kill Achilles. Another deity in the letter was a local goddess of springs named Kaskalkur.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Said, Suzanne; Webb, Ruth (2011). Homer and the Odyssey. Oxford University Press. p. 77.
  2. ^ Güterbock, Hans G. (1986). John Lawrence Angel; Machteld Johanna Mellink (eds.). Troy in Hittite Texts?. Troy and the Trojan War: a symposium held at Bryn Mawr College, October 1984. Bryn Mawr Archaeological Monographs. p. 42. ISBN 978-0-929524-59-7.

References[edit]