Alamgir Mosque

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Alamgir Mosque, Varanasi
Beni Madhav ka Darera
Aurangzeb's Mosque
Alamgir Mosque by the Ganges ghats, Varanasi.jpg
Ecclesiastical or organizational statusFunctional
LocationVaranasi, India 25.31 N 83.01 E
StateUttar Pradesh
Alamgir Mosque is located in Uttar Pradesh
Alamgir Mosque
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Geographic coordinates25°18′40″N 83°00′36″E / 25.311°N 83.01°E / 25.311; 83.01Coordinates: 25°18′40″N 83°00′36″E / 25.311°N 83.01°E / 25.311; 83.01

The Alamgir Mosque, Varanasi, also known as Beni Madhav ka Darera and Aurangzeb's Mosque, is a mosque built in the 17th century by emperor Aurangzeb in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh.[1][full citation needed][2]


The mosque is located at a prominent site above the Panchganga Ghat. The ghat has broad steps that go down to the Ganges.[3]


Dedicated to Lord Vishnu, the Hindu temple, built by Beni Madhur Rao Scindia, a Maratha chieftain, was demolished when the emperor Aurangzeb had captured Banaras and razed the temple. Aurangzeb then built a mosque over the ruins of the temple in 1669[4] and named it as Alamagir Mosque in the name of his own honorific title "Alamgir", which he had adopted after becoming the emperor of the Mughal empire.[5][6] Non-Muslims are not allowed to enter the mosque.[7]


Aurangzeb Mosque or Alamgir Mosque

The mosque is architecturally a blend of Islamic and Hindu architecture.[5] The mosque has high domes and minarets.[8][6] Two of its minarets were damaged; one minaret collapsed killing a few people and the other was officially brought down owing to stability concerns.[6] The Panchaganga Ghat where the mosque is situated is where five streams are said to join. In October lamps are lighted on top of a bamboo staff as a mark of guidance to the ancestors.[8]

Interior view


  1. ^ Gupta 1987, p. 38.
  2. ^ Crowther, Raj & Wheeler 1984.
  3. ^ Hussain 1999, p. 70.
  4. ^ Dunlop, Sykes & Jackson 2001, p. 135.
  5. ^ a b Kumar 2003, p. 90.
  6. ^ a b c Betts & McCulloch 2013, p. 213.
  7. ^ Fodor's essential India : with Delhi, Rajasthan, Mumbai &Kerala. New York: Fodor's. 2015. ISBN 9781101878682.
  8. ^ a b Shetty 2014, p. 73.