Alamo, Texas

Coordinates: 26°11′6″N 98°7′4″W / 26.18500°N 98.11778°W / 26.18500; -98.11778
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Alamo, Texas
The Refuge to the Valley
Location of Alamo, Texas
Location of Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas is located in Texas
Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas is located in the United States
Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas is located in North America
Alamo, Texas
Alamo, Texas
Coordinates: 26°11′6″N 98°7′4″W / 26.18500°N 98.11778°W / 26.18500; -98.11778
Country United States of America
State Texas
IncorporatedMay 12, 1924[1]
 • Total7.51 sq mi (19.45 km2)
 • Land7.51 sq mi (19.45 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
98 ft (30 m)
 • Total18,353
 • Estimate 
 • Density2,650.78/sq mi (1,023.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code956
FIPS code48-01576[5]
GNIS feature ID1329296[6]

Alamo (/ˈæləm/ AL-ə-moh), located in the Rio Grande Valley in what is nicknamed the "Land of Two Summers", is a city in the irrigated area of southern Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. Known as the "Refuge to the Valley", it is located in an area of abundant vegetable farming and citrus groves, and is a noted winter resort/retirement town near the Mexico–U.S. border. Alamo is one of the Rio Grande Valley's gateways to Mexico, via U.S. Route 281 and Nuevo Progreso, Tamaulipas, as well as a gateway to the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Alamo's population was 18,353 at the 2010 census[5] and an estimated 19,910 in 2019.[7]


Alamo was laid out in 1909, and named after the Alamo Mission in San Antonio.[8] Alamo is the Spanish/Mexican word for Cottonwood tree.


Alamo is located in southern Hidalgo County at 26°11′6″N 98°7′4″W / 26.18500°N 98.11778°W / 26.18500; -98.11778 (26.185113, –98.117892).[9] It is bordered to the west by the city of San Juan and to the east by the city of Donna.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Alamo has a total area of 7.1 square miles (18.4 km2), all land.[5]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[10]

Alamo is part of the McAllen–Edinburg–Mission and Reynosa–McAllen metropolitan areas.

2020 census[edit]

Alamo racial composition[11]
(NH = Non-Hispanic)[a]
Race Number Percentage
White (NH) 2,302 11.81%
Black or African American (NH) 28 0.14%
Native American or Alaska Native (NH) 14 0.07%
Asian (NH) 27 0.14%
Pacific Islander (NH) 2 0.01%
Some Other Race (NH) 48 0.25%
Mixed/Multi-Racial (NH) 67 0.34%
Hispanic or Latino 17,005 87.24%
Total 19,493

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 19,493 people, 6,106 households, and 4,758 families residing in the city.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[14] of 2000, 14,760 people, 4,621 households, and 3,826 families resided in the city. The population density was 2,580.8 inhabitants per square mile (996.5/km2). The 6,208 housing units averaged 1,085.5 per square mile (419.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White (including Hispanics or Latinos), 0.21% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 13.73% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos people of any race were 78.10% of the population.

Of the 4,621 households, 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were not families. About 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.57.

In the city, the population was distributed as 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $23,928, and for a family was $24,827. Males had a median income of $17,476 versus $14,683 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,564. About 24.9% of families and 32.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The current City Officials are Mayor Diana Martinez, Mayor Pro-Tem Robert De La Garza, Commissioner Oscar Salinas (Place 1), Commissioner Pete Morales (Place 2) and Commissioner Maria Del Pilar Garza (Place 4).[15] The current Chief of Police is Richard Ozuna, a former Captain at the Hidalgo County Sheriff's Office.[16]

The United States Postal Service operates the Alamo Post Office.[17]


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Most of Alamo's population resides within the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District (PSJAISD), although a portion does reside in the Donna Independent School District boundaries.[18]

Elementary schools in the PSJAISD located in Alamo include Zeferino Farias Elementary, Agusto Guerra Elementary, Santos Livas (previously North Alamo) Elementary, Marcia R. Garza Elementary, and John McKeever Elementary.[19] Middle schools: Alamo Middle School and Audie Murphy Middle all serve Alamo.[20] Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Memorial High School is the zoned high school of PSJAISD Alamo.[21]

Captain D. Salinas II Elementary, Sauceda Middle School, and Donna High School serve the Donna ISD portion.[22]

In addition, all Alamo residents are allowed to apply to magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District.

Valley Christian Heritage School is in Alamo.

Idea Public School District enrolls local students in any of a variety of area campuses in located in Alamo, San Juan, Pharr, Donna, and Edinburg.

Public libraries[edit]

Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library is located in Alamo.[23] The library is named after United States Army Sergeant Fernando "Nando" De La Rosa, who died during a roadside bomb explosion on October 27, 2009, in the Arghandab River Valley in Afghanistan.[24]

Radio stations[edit]


  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 12, 2018. Retrieved July 12, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  3. ^ "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  5. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Alamo city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  8. ^ Tarpley, Fred (July 5, 2010). 1001 Texas Place Names. University of Texas Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-292-78693-6.
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". Retrieved May 21, 2022.
  12. ^[not specific enough to verify]
  13. ^ "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". Retrieved May 18, 2022.
  14. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  15. ^ "City of Alamo Officials." City of Alamo, Texas. Retrieved on January 2, 2020.
  16. ^ "Sullivan City police chief to take on top cop position in Alamo." KRGV. Retrieved on March 2, 2020.
  17. ^ "Post Office Location - ALAMO Archived 2010-05-04 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  18. ^ "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 2, 2017.
  19. ^ "PSJA Elementary School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
  20. ^ "PSJA Middle School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
  21. ^ "PSJA High School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
  22. ^ "2013-2014 District and Campus Boundaries Archived March 5, 2016, at the Wayback Machine." Donna Independent School District. Retrieved on July 9, 2017. Pages: 3 (high school), 4 (middle school), and 5 (elementary school)
  23. ^ "Home Archived 2009-06-12 at the Wayback Machine." Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  24. ^ "Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Archived 2011-09-03 at the Wayback Machine." Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
  1. ^ Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.[12][13]

External links[edit]