|Nickname(s): The Refuge to the Valley|
Location of Alamo, Texas
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||May 12, 1924|
|• Total||7.1 sq mi (18.4 km2)|
|• Land||7.1 sq mi (18.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||98 ft (30 m)|
|• Estimate (2016)||26,845|
|• Density||2,705/sq mi (1,044.5/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1329296|
Alamo, located in the Rio Grande Valley in what is nicknamed the "Land of Two Summers", is a city in the irrigated area of southern Hidalgo County, Texas, United States. Known as "The Refuge to the Valley", it is located in an area of abundant vegetable farming and citrus groves, and it is a noted winter resort/retirement town near the Mexico-U.S. border. Alamo is one of the Rio Grande Valley's gateways to Mexico, via U.S. Route 281 and Nuevo Progreso, Tamaulipas, as well as a gateway to the Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge. Alamo's population was 18,353 at the 2010 census and an estimated 19,220 in 2016.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 14,760 people, 4,621 households, and 3,826 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,580.8 people per square mile (996.3/km²). There were 6,208 housing units at an average density of 1,085.5 per square mile (419.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.61% White (including Latinos who were born before the 60s and were considered whites by law), 0.21% African American, 0.43% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 13.73% from other races, and 1.94% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 78.10% of the population.
There were 4,621 households out of which 36.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 66.2% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.2% were non-families. 15.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.19 and the average family size was 3.57.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.0% under the age of 18, 9.8% from 18 to 24, 22.9% from 25 to 44, 17.5% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,928, and the median income for a family was $24,827. Males had a median income of $17,476 versus $14,683 for females. The per capita income for the city was $10,564. About 24.9% of families and 32.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 48.0% of those under age 18 and 12.9% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Primary and secondary schools
Most of Alamo's population resides within the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District (PSJAISD), although a portion does reside in the Donna Independent School District (DISD) boundaries.
Elementary schools in the Pharr-San Juan-Alamo District located in Alamo include Zeferino Farias Elementary, Agusto Guerra Elementary, Santos Livas (previously North Alamo) Elementary, Marcia R. Garza Elementary, and John McKeever Elementary. Middle schools: Alamo Middle School and Audie Murphy Middle all serve Alamo. Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Memorial High School is the zoned high school of PSJAISD Alamo.
In addition, all Alamo residents are allowed to apply to magnet schools operated by the South Texas Independent School District.
Valley Christian Heritage School is in Alamo.
Idea Public School District enrolls local students in any of a variety of area campuses in located in Alamo, San Juan, Pharr, Donna, and Edinburg.
Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library is located in Alamo. The library is named after United States Army Sergeant Fernando "Nando" De La Rosa, who died during a roadside bomb explosion on October 27, 2009 in the Arghandab River Valley in Afghanistan.
- "State and County Quick Facts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2015.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Alamo city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved February 21, 2018.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Tarpley, Fred (5 July 2010). 1001 Texas Place Names. University of Texas Press. p. 5. ISBN 978-0-292-78693-6.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Post Office Location - ALAMO." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Hidalgo County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on January 2, 2017.
- "PSJA Elementary School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
- "PSJA Middle School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
- "PSJA High School Zones." Pharr-San Juan-Alamo Independent School District. 2015. Retrieved on January 3, 2017.
- "2013-2014 District and Campus Boundaries." Donna Independent School District. Retrieved on July 9, 2017. Pages: 3 (high school), 4 (middle school), and 5 (elementary school)
- "Home." Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.
- "Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa." Sergeant Fernando de la Rosa Memorial Library. Retrieved on May 9, 2010.