|Valero Alamo Bowl|
|Location||San Antonio, Texas|
|Conference tie-ins||Big 12 (1995–present)
Pac-12 (1993–1994; 2010–present)
|Previous conference tie-ins||Southwest (1993–1994)
Big Ten (1995–2009)
|Payout||US$3,825,000 (As of 2015[update])|
Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998)
Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001)
Alamo Bowl Presented By MasterCard (2002)
MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2003–2005)
Alamo Bowl (2006)
|January 2016 matchup|
|Oregon vs. TCU (TCU 47–41)|
|December 2016 matchup|
|Colorado vs. Oklahoma State (December 29, 2016)|
The Alamo Bowl is a NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision college football bowl game played annually since 1993 in the Alamodome in San Antonio, Texas. The current champions are the TCU Horned Frogs. Since 2010 it matches the second choice team from the Pac-12 Conference and the third choice team from the Big 12 Conference.
Traditionally, the Alamo Bowl has been played in December. The game following the 2009 season marked the first time the game was played in January, making it be played in 2010. The game following the 2010 season returned to December.
The game was previously known as the Builders Square Alamo Bowl (1993–1998), the Sylvania Alamo Bowl (1999–2001) and the MasterCard Alamo Bowl (2002–2005). The logo of the event has evolved to reflect the changes in sponsorship. On May 24, 2007 the Alamo Bowl announced a partnership with San Antonio-based Valero Energy Corporation, and thus the bowl's full name was changed to the Valero Alamo Bowl.
The game originally gave an automatic invite to a team from the now-defunct Southwest Conference (SWC). However, in 1993, only two of the eight SWC teams finished with the necessary 6 wins against Division I-A teams to become bowl-eligible (and those two teams were already committed to other bowls). The Alamo Bowl invited the Iowa Hawkeyes instead. The SWC was able to provide teams for the next two seasons (Baylor Bears in 1994 and Texas A&M Aggies in 1995) before the conference disbanded.
During the 1996 Alamo Bowl, the Iowa Hawkeyes wore plain black helmets (removing their tigerhawk logo and gold stripe) in honor of linebacker Mark Mitchell's mother, who died in a car accident while traveling to San Antonio for the game.
The 2002 Alamo Bowl played between the Colorado Buffaloes and Wisconsin Badgers was the first Alamo Bowl to go into overtime, with the unranked Badgers defeating the No. 14 ranked Buffaloes after kicking a field goal to win 31–28, completing a perfect non-conference schedule at 6-0 (the Badgers finished with a 2-6 record in the Big Ten). The 2008 Alamo Bowl between the Missouri Tigers and Northwestern Wildcats also went into overtime, with the Tigers defeating the Wildcats 30–23.
The 2005 Alamo Bowl ended in what is described as one of the most controversial plays in bowl game history, a multi-lateral play in which almost the entire Nebraska Cornhuskers team and coaching staff and half of the Michigan Wolverines sideline entered onto the field, and the Cornhuskers gave their coach the Gatorade Dunk before the play was blown dead, bringing up memories of 1982's "The Play", 2000's "Music City Miracle", and 2002's "Bluegrass Miracle".
The 2007 Alamo Bowl between the Penn State Nittany Lions and the Texas A&M Aggies was attended by 66,166, which set an Alamodome facility-record crowd for a sporting event, breaking the previous game between the Iowa Hawkeyes and Texas Longhorns. The Nittany Lions won the game 24–17.
The Alamo Bowl has sold out seven of its sixteen games (1995, 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2007, and 2011).
On August 28, 2009, the Alamo Bowl organizers announced they had reached an agreement with the then Pac-10 Conference to replace the Big Ten Conference in the Alamo Bowl. Under the terms of the agreement, the now Pac-12 Conference's (Pac-12) second-choice team earns a bid to the Alamo Bowl. The agreement took effect beginning with the 2010 college football season. The Pac-12's second-choice team was previously contracted to play in the Holiday Bowl against the third choice from the Big 12. The Big 12's third choice also moved to the Alamo Bowl, and the Holiday Bowl now takes the third-place team from the Pac-12 and the fifth choice from the Big 12.
In the 2011 Alamo Bowl the Baylor Bears and Washington Huskies combined to score 123 points, breaking the record for the most points scored in a bowl game in college football history. Baylor won the game 67-56. The 2011 game was also the first Alamo Bowl to feature the season's Heisman Trophy winner, Baylor's Robert Griffin III.
The Alamo Bowl has produced eight of the top 20 most-watched bowl games in ESPN history. In 2006, the Alamo Bowl featured the Texas Longhorns and the Iowa Hawkeyes in a game that earned a 6.0 rating, making it the most-watched college football game in ESPN history as more than 8.83 million viewers saw the telecast.
|Date||Winning team||Losing team||Attendance||Notes|
|December 31, 1993||California||37||Iowa||3||45,716||notes|
|December 31, 1994||#24 Washington State||10||Baylor||3||44,106||notes|
|December 28, 1995||#19 Texas A&M||22||#14 Michigan||20||64,597||notes|
|December 29, 1996||#21 Iowa||27||Texas Tech||0||55,677||notes|
|December 30, 1997||#16 Purdue||33||#24 Oklahoma State||20||55,552||notes|
|December 29, 1998||Purdue||37||#4 Kansas State||34||60,780||notes|
|December 28, 1999||#13 Penn State||24||#18 Texas A&M||0||65,380||notes|
|December 30, 2000||#8 Nebraska||66||#19 Northwestern||17||60,028||notes|
|December 29, 2001||Iowa||19||Texas Tech||16||65,232||notes|
|December 28, 2002||Wisconsin||31||#14 Colorado||28 (OT)||50,690||notes|
|December 29, 2003||#22 Nebraska||17||Michigan State||3||56,229||notes|
|December 29, 2004||#24 Ohio State||33||Oklahoma State||7||65,265||notes|
|December 28, 2005||Nebraska||32||#20 Michigan||28||62,016||notes|
|December 30, 2006||#18 Texas||26||Iowa||24||65,875||notes|
|December 29, 2007||Penn State||24||Texas A&M||17||66,166||notes|
|December 29, 2008||#25 Missouri||30||#22 Northwestern||23 (OT)||55,986||notes|
|January 2, 2010||Texas Tech||41||Michigan State||31||64,757||notes|
|December 29, 2010||#16 Oklahoma State||36||Arizona||10||57,593||notes|
|December 29, 2011||#15 Baylor||67||Washington||56||65,256||notes|
|December 29, 2012||#23 Texas||31||#13 Oregon State||27||65,277||notes|
|December 30, 2013||#10 Oregon||30||Texas||7||65,918||notes|
|January 2, 2015||#14 UCLA||40||#11 Kansas State||35||60,517||notes|
|January 2, 2016||#11 TCU||47||#15 Oregon||41 (3OT)||64,569||notes|
|December 29, 2016||#10 Colorado||TBD||#12 Oklahoma State||TBD||TBD||notes|
|December 31, 1993||Dave Barr||California||QB|
|December 31, 1994||Chad Davis||Washington State||QB|
|Ron Childs||Washington State||LB|
|December 28, 1995||Kyle Bryant||Texas A&M||K|
|Keith Mitchell||Texas A&M||LB|
|December 29, 1996||Sedrick Shaw||Iowa||RB|
|December 30, 1997||Billy Dicken||Purdue||QB|
|December 29, 1998||Drew Brees||Purdue||QB|
|December 28, 1999||Rashard Casey||Penn State||QB|
|LaVar Arrington||Penn State||LB|
|December 30, 2000||Dan Alexander||Nebraska||RB|
|Kyle Vanden Bosch||Nebraska||DL|
|December 29, 2001||Aaron Greving||Iowa||RB|
|December 29, 2002||Brooks Bollinger||Wisconsin||QB|
|December 29, 2003||Jammal Lord||Nebraska||QB|
|December 29, 2004||Ted Ginn Jr.||Ohio State||WR/PR/KR|
|Simon Fraser||Ohio State||DE|
|December 28, 2005||Cory Ross||Nebraska||RB|
|December 30, 2006||Colt McCoy||Texas||QB|
|December 29, 2007||Rodney Kinlaw||Penn State||RB|
|Sean Lee||Penn State||LB|
|December 29, 2008||Jeremy Maclin||Missouri||WR/PR/KR|
|January 2, 2010||Taylor Potts||Texas Tech||QB|
|Jamar Wall||Texas Tech||CB|
|December 29, 2010||Justin Blackmon||Oklahoma State||WR|
|Markelle Martin||Oklahoma State||S|
|December 29, 2011||Terrance Ganaway||Baylor||RB|
|December 29, 2012||Marquise Goodwin||Texas||WR|
|December 30, 2013||Marcus Mariota||Oregon||QB|
|January 2, 2015||Paul Perkins||UCLA||RB|
|Tyler Lockett||Kansas State||WR|
|January 2, 2016||Bram Kohlhausen||TCU||QB|
|T1||Oklahoma State||4||1–2 + TBA|
|T7||Colorado||2||0–1 + TBA|
Wins by conference
-  Archived April 26, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Alamo Bowl crowd sets Alamodome record". Bevo Beat (blog). December 30, 2006. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved 2006-12-30.
- 2006 Alamo Bowl Media Guide, pp. 1–22, (PDF), The San Antonio Bowl Association.
- "Valero Alamo Bowl, Pacific-10 Conference agree on deal starting in 2010 season". Sports.espn.go.com. 2009-08-28. Retrieved 2015-12-24.
- 2006 Alamo Bowl ranks as ESPN's most-watched bowl game, MackBrown-TexasFootball.com, January 3, 2007.
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