Alampur, Madhya Pradesh
|• Total||12.11 km2 (4.68 sq mi)|
|Elevation||159 m (522 ft)|
|• Density||1,800/km2 (4,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|ISO 3166 code||IN-MP|
Alampur is a town and a nagar panchayat in Bhind district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. It is a historical town. Alampur is known for its history, for the chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar which is in Alampur.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Demographics
- 3 Origin of the name
- 4 History
- 5 People and culture
- 6 Administration
- 7 Education
- 8 Agriculture and business
- 9 Banks
- 10 Excursions
- 11 References
As of 2001[update] India census, Alampur had a population of 9,350. Males constitute 54% of the population and females 46%. Alampur has an average literacy rate of 61%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 64%, and female literacy is 36%. In Alampur, 16% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Origin of the name
Alampur was built on the name of Alam Shah Pavar who came here as the governor of province. No one knows about the origin of the Alampur Fortress but we can make supposition according to its architecture that this must be built around 14-15th century.
Alampur was a small isolated pargana belonging to Indore State but situated in the Bundelkhand Agency, Central India, with an area of 37 square miles, lying round the town of Alampur. The pargana was formed in 1766 when Malhar Rao Holkar, the founder of the house of Indore, died suddenly at the village of Alampur. To provide for the up-keep of his last resting place, 27 villages were obtained from the neighbouring chiefs of Gwalior, Datia, Jalaun, and Jhansi, and their revenues devoted to this purpose. The Rajput chiefs, from whom the villages were probably taken by force, were long opposed to the erection of the dead Maharaja's cenotaph, and destroyed it several times; finally, however, with the support of Sindhia the work was finished. The pargana was managed directly from Indore, and yielded a revenue of Rs. 59,000. The population in 1901 was 16,711, compared with 17,038 in 1891. There were 26 villages in the pargana. The largest is Alampur, also called Malharnagar, with a population (1901) of 2,843. A school, a dispensary, and a British post office were situated here.
Maharani Ahilya Bai Holkar built the chhatri of Malhar Rao Holkar at Alampur in Bhind district in 1766 A.D. It is marked by beautiful carvings. Built on the pattern of the chhatris of Holkar rulers at Indore, the chhatri is famous for its outstanding carving of floral and leaf patterns. The Maratha style chhatri represents a beautiful blend of shikhar dome and arch, on which Kalash has been made in a very attractive manner. The first storey of the chhatri is a pillared hall decorated with fascinating paintings. This canopy is located on the left side of the entrance of Alampur. In 1766, Malhar rao Holkar camped here during there battle with Jaat Rulers during which he died here and a Spectacular canopy was built here in his memory and it is currently known as Malhar Rao Holkar Chhatri. Chatri is built on a 6-foot-high scaffold with a sanctorum in the middle and encompass a path around it founded on the pillars. Nice carvings filled with colors are on the roof of the encompassing path and vines are carved on the walls of sanctorum inspired by Iranian Style. Carvings are also there on the balcony of the sanctorum (गर्भगृह) with sun on the middle of north, east and south while a tortoise on the west balcony. Sanctorium remain above the main peak which is oval in shape amra vase (आम्र कलश) at its top. Lot of other peaks are around the main peak. The sanctorum also has windows all around. The wall on the left side of canopy has statues of the ruling family with five panels of such. Some statues are also there on the walls of the canopy. At present a trust is looking after the Chhatri.
No one knows about the origin of the Alampur Fortress but we can make supposition according to its architecture that this must be built around 14-15th century.There are two entrance one at East and other one at North,however the door at the east was the main entrance of the fortress and it seems that Door at the north was built later.The ramparts of the fortress are damaged at present but it can be supposed that the Fortress was very strong in the past.Shala bhavan inside the fortress which looks similar to darbaar is having cracks at many places but can be reinforced again after little maintenance. Currently a trust office is running at the second Building which is in nice condition and possibly this was the residence of the governor of the province.A Shrine and a Shiv temple is situated just in front of this building. Every other building of this fortress got damaged and if no one pays concentration the remaining will also get damaged and we will loose one of our heritage again.
Other Historical Temples, Monuments and other places in Alampur
Harihareshwar (Badi Mata) temple, Batuk, Malharimarthand, Surya, Renuka, Ram Hanuman Temples, Shriram Temple, Laxmi Narayan Temple, Maruti Temple, Narsinh Temple, Khanderao Martand Temple, Memorial of Malhar Rao.
People and culture
Alampur is in Bhind District whose identity is of Guns and Dacoits, but Alampur is not area of dacoits. The people of Alampur are very gentle and educated. Alampur is a historical town and Maharani Ahilyabai Holkar built many temples in Alampur, the people are very religious. They celebrate all the festivals. Major festivals are Holi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas and Raksha bandhan. Alampur is also in Bundelkhand, so there is effect of Bundelkhand's culture in Alampur. There is a large number of Hindus in Alampur. Muslims, Christians and sikkha also live here.
Alampur is a developed town in the field of Education. According to the census of 2001, there are 5,700 literate people in Alampur. There are many colleges and schools. Some are following-
- Govt. Boys Higher Secondary School, Alampur.
- Govt. girls highschool.
- Aadarsh Public School Alampur
- Anandvardhan Sanskrit Vidyapeeth.
- Saraswati Higher Secondary school.
- Sharda Public School.
- G.P. highschool.
- S.S. vidyapeeth.
- Saraswati Shiksha Mandir.
- City Central High School.
- Rainbow High school.
- Raghuvar shiksha academy.
- Sanskar Velley public school.
- Little Flower Convent School.
- Sharda Public School.
- Dr.BR Ambedkar School.
- Sharda Public School.
- Anushka International School.
- The Orient ITI College.
- RITM computer college Alampur- the computer courses are-BBA, BCA, DCA, PGDCA.
- Govt. Degree College Alampur- the courses are- B.A., M.A., B.Sc. in each subject
Agriculture and business
In the field of Agriculture and Business, Alampur is more develop now. There is a Krisi Upaj Mandi,that is one among the 6 Krishi Upaj Mandies in Bhind district.
- Co-operative Bank
- Kisan Bachat Bank.
- Ratangarh Mata Temple - Ratangarh mata mandir is located about 21 km from Alampur,10 km from rampura village and 55 km from Datia, MP (India). This holy place is in dense forest and on bank of "Sindh" river, Every year thousands of devotee come to this temple to get blessing of Maa Ratangarh Wali and Kunwar Maharaj, every year on the day of bhai dooj (next day of diwali) hundreds of thousands devotees come here to get darshan of Mata and Kunwar Maharaj. This holy place can be reached from Gwalior and Datia easily.
- Shri Rawatpura sarkar Dham - The famous temple of Hindu Lord Hanuman is situated at Lahar tehsil of Bhind. Here the great Hanuman Bhakt Shri Shri 1008 Ravishankar Maharaj lives in his aashram. This place is known as Rawatpura Sarkar aashram. This place is very beautiful, natural, and peaceful. This place is under in lahar'tahseel and lahar is the too beautiful place which is related to mahabharta and related to pandav story this story is true and its get the othority of Hindu relisions.
- Vankhandeshwar temple - It is not too famous but it is well known in the surrounded areas. It is 1 km from Alampur. It is where Shivling appeared.
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - alampur
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.