| Part of a series on Shīʿī Islam
Alamut Geographic Region (Persian: الموت; Alamūt) is a region in Iran including western and eastern parts in the western edge of the Alborz (Elburz) range, between the dry and barren plain of Qazvin in the south and the densely forested slopes of the Mazandaran province in the north. Starting from Qazvin toward Alamut, passing through the first range of hills, curvatures, forms, scars, wrinkles are significant themes in nature's composition of this area. Two big citadels of Ismailis, Lambsar and Alamut castles, are in this area. Hassan-i Sabbah and his Hashshashin controlled the area for many years.
In 1090 CE, Hassan Sabbah, the leader of Ismailites in Iran, chose the Alamut region as his headquarters to campaign, preach and convert new followers. This proved to be a turning point for the destiny of Alamut Valley. The result of over two centuries of Ismailite stronghold, the region witnessed numerous castles throughout, of which at least 20 “castles“ dating back to this era have been identified. The most magnificent castle in the Alamut Valley is the Alamut Castle, which is built on top of a high rock reaching 2163 m above sea level near the Gazor Khan Village. The rock is 200 m high and covers an area of 20 hectares (49 acres); with its steep slope and deep and dangerous ravine, the rock is practically inaccessible and forms a part of the fort’s structure. Currently, only ruins of the fort and some towers are apparent, and it is only through archaeological excavation that the main portions can be discovered.
Lords of Alamut Castle who ruled the Nizārī Ismā'īlī state from Alamūt
|The President of Nizārī Ismā'īlī state||Period||Master of Alamūt|
|The First Da'i Hasan bin Sabbah||1090-1124||1. Effendi/Lord|
|The Second Da'i Kiya Buzurg-Ummid||1124-1138||2. Effendi/Lord|
|The Third Da'i Muḥammad ibn Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd||1138-1162||3. Effendi/Lord|
|23rd Imām Hasan ‘Alā Dhīkr‘īhī’s-Salām||1162-1166||4. Effendi/Lord|
|24th Imām Nūr al-Dīn Muhammad||1166-1210||5. Effendi/Lord|
|25th Imām Jalāl al-Dīn Hasan||1210-1221||6. Effendi/Lord|
|26th Imām ‘Alā’a-d-Dīn Muḥammad III||1221-1255||7. Effendi/Lord|
|27th Imām Rukn al-Din Khurshah||1255-1256||The state ended|
Alamut valley is a very diverse region situated in the north of Qazvin province. The region is an enclave in the form of a U-shaped valley in the central Alborz chains and opening up to the fertile Qazvin plains. The highest point in the valley is Sialan which is 4175 metres high and the lowest point Bazargah village only 650. Owing to this matter there is a huge difference in climate in different prts of the valley. high and picturesque mountains are perfect for Hiking.
There are two main asphalted road to go to Alamut valley. one to Razmian(western part)which is 45 kilometres and starts from Fayyaz Bakhsh street net to Shohada park and the other to Rajaee Dasht(55 km)and Moallem Kelaye(88 km)starting from Minudar Square. But in recent years the new road is opened from Tonkabon (Shahsavar) to east Alamut (Balan, Yoj, Maran, Piche Bon, Garmaroud Sina) and accessed new connection between Qazvin and Mazandaran which is closed because of snow for more than 6 months. The distance between Tonkabon to Garmaroud Sina is 85 km and it takes 2:30 hours.
Having ample rivers, the Alamut valley has released inhabitants from worries about shortage in provided water. The heavy seasonal rainfalls, and adequate snowfall in winter replenish the origins of abundant water resources. Innumerable large and small lakes such as Ovan and Alebon are counted as the region's water resources. Countless rivulets flow in the Alamut Valley, joining up to finally reach Sefīd-Rūd and end up in the Caspian Sea.
- Hassan-i Sabbah
- Kia Bozorg Omid
- Muḥammad ibn Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd
- (Turkish) El-Hâdî bin el-Nizâr
- (Turkish) El-Môhtadî bin el-Hâdî (Muḥammad I)
- (Turkish) El-Kahir bin el-Môhtadî bi-Kuvvet’ûl-Lâh / bi-Ahkâmî’l-Lâh (Hassan I)
- Hasan Alâ Zikrihi’s Selâm
- Nūr al-Dīn Muḥammad II
- Jalaluddin Hasan
- ‘Alā’ ad-Dīn Muḥammad III
- Ruknu-d-Dīn Khurshāh (The last ruler of the Alamut Castle)
- Ovan Lake
- Alamut River
- Alamut Castle
- Lambsar Castle
- Rudkhan Castle
- List of Ismaili castles
- Alamut-e Gharbi District
- Alamut-e Sharqi District
- Alamut-e Bala Rural District
- Alamut-e Pain Rural District
- (Turkish) Kıyâmet-i Kûbrâ
- Alamut, novel written by Vladimir Bartol in 1938
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