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Alanís, Spain
Flag of Alanís, Spain
Official seal of Alanís, Spain
Alanís, Spain is located in Spain
Alanís, Spain
Alanís, Spain
Coordinates: 38°02′16.7″N 5°42′49″W / 38.037972°N 5.71361°W / 38.037972; -5.71361
Country Spain
Province Seville
Municipality Alanís
 • Total 280.19 km2 (108.18 sq mi)
Elevation 660 m (2,170 ft)
Population (2012)
 • Total 1,858
 • Density 6.6/km2 (17/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 41380
Website Official website

Alanís is a municipality in Seville. In 2005 it had a population of 1,937. It has an area of 280 square kilometers and a population density of 6.9 people per square kilometer. It is located at an altitude of 660 meters and is 106 kilometers from Seville.


The population has been steadily decreasing from 2,108 in 1996 to its current level.

Historical population of Alanís
Year 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1981 1991 2001 2011
Population 3622 3758 3834 4480 4924 4822 3945 2864 2278 2076 2030 1859


Alanís has several monuments.

Religious monuments[edit]

  • Ermita de San Juan. (S XIV), mudejar. Recently restored.
  • Ermita Nuestra Señora de las Angustias. Gothic. Remade in the 18th century.
  • Ermita de Ntro Padre Jesus de Nazareno. From the 16th century. Can be visited from 10 AM to 10 PM.
  • Iglesia Parroquial Ntra Sra de las Nieves. Important Gothic altarpiece.
  • Ermita de San Miguel de la Breña.

Other monuments[edit]

  • Castillo de Alanís, of Arabic origin.


Alania and Alanis as descendants of the Alans.[citation needed] The Alans (also called alauni or halani) were an ethnic group of Iranian origin included in the family of the Sarmatians, very warlike nomadic pastoralists from different backgrounds, who speak the Iranian language and shared with them the same culture in many ways. Flavius Josephus (37-94), writing in his Jewish War (Book 7, Chapter 8.4) how Alans (whom he calls The Scythian tribe medieval Alania arose in the 8th century a consolidated Alan kingdom, called in the chronicles of the time Alania, in the northern Caucasus Mountains, roughly in what today is Circassia and North Ossetia-Alania

The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus argued that "almost all the Alani are tall and handsome. Their hair is usually blond and his eyes terribly fierce. " It also considered that the Alans were the ancient masagetos "iuxtaque Massagetae Halani et Sargetae ',' per Alban et Massagetas, nunc appellamus quos Alans," "Halanos pervenit, veteres Massagetas."

The Massagetae (Massagetae, Μασσαγέται Greek) were a nomadic people who lived among the Sea of Aral and the Caspian Sea during antiquity. According to Herodotus, Cyrus II the Great of Persia was killed during a battle against the Massagetae, led by Queen Tomiris. The name means great Scythian masageta Ma equals large and equals sagetas Scythians. Descendants of the Scythians Scythians (Greek: Σκύθης, Σκύθοι) was the name given in antiquity to members of a people or group of peoples of Iranian origin characterized by a culture based on nomadic herding and breeding horses mounted. In classical antiquity, the Pontic Steppe Scythians dominated, which was named Escitia.1 His tongue would be the ancestor of modern Ossetian.

Terms in written sources

In ancient Chinese sources are called sai. In the Realms of India means were known by the name of shaka (the name is sometimes restricted to the northernmost of the tribes and other things). In Persian transliterated into Latin documents through the Greek are called Saces [sakes] and SacII [sakii] (Latin for the c is pronounced as k), also in Latin sármatae name is used (Sarmatian) and Greek scythae, although gave the name and the same would have been * alan-o * aryānah, this name has survived in modern Ossetian name Iron (otherwise it is considered that the current gentile people "Ossetian" is a variant of escita.2 In language Akkadian, the Scythians were the gugu (chiefs) of the land of Gugu Mat. In Sumerian language, the word gug means 'darkness' or 'darkness'. In Hebrew this word gug (or gog) means 'high' or 'ceiling' and figuratively 'superb'. In conclusion these meanings together are paraphrased as: the Scythians (Gog) coming from the dark land. In the Old Testament (the Bible) are described by various prophets: • Book of Ezekiel (in the literary Gog and Magog), Chapter 38, Book of Jeremiah • 4 and 5, Book of Zephaniah • 1 and 2.5 The Cherethites and Carians (Caria) potential allies of Gog. • Second Book of Maccabees 4, 47 In the New Testament, St. Paul named in the Epistle to the Colossians (3, 11). In the Book of Veles, where they were identified as Skiti.

A Scythian horseman from the Ili River region in Kazakhstan. His contemporaries considered them very savage and bloodthirsty because they took the blood of his first victim in a battle and dressed with human scalps and using human skulls (sometimes his own friends and family who were killed in a quarrel or duel) as vessels . Some Scythian tribes did not bury their dead and expected the vultures eat them and if this occurred was an omen for the tribe welfare. The eagle was an incarnation of the god of the wind for some of them, copied this belief from the Sumerians. Before a war also sent bad thoughts like arrows at enemies to kill them and if they did not die or get sick came to war. The tribes called "real Scythians" who settled in Ukraine sowed wheat to sell to the Greeks. In addition to the historical origins are attributed to some legends the origin of this people, from one that brings down the Olympian Zeus himself, to another that tells the dispute of three brothers with an ax, a plow, a yoke and a glass of fallen gold the sky. The Scythians had the belief that gold had been provided by the Arimaspians, one-eyed beings, who had stolen treasures of the nests of the taps. The Hebrews believed that the Cimmerians (who in the Bible are known as descendants of Gomer, the grandson of Noah, Japheth, his son) was the mother of the Scythian tribe horse breeders in the Book of Genesis 10, 2 - 3 are known in turn as descendants of Ashkenaz (or Ashkenazi), the first of the three sons of Gomer mentioned in the Bible in Genesis 10:3. Also Magog, the second of seven sons of Japheth mentioned in the Bible is considered a Scythian horse breeder and camels bactrianos. Three centuries later Josephus confirms this belief in his story of the Israelite people. In Sumerian writings mention them as descendants of Ziusudra: hero of the flood as a descendant of the gods Anunnaki Annunaki The term is the name of a group of Sumerian deities and related akadias Anunna (the "fifty great gods") and the Igigi (gods minors). Ziusudra (also Atrahasis or Utnapishtim to Babylonians to Akkadian), is a hero of Sumerian mythology, star of the flood myth, found in an earlier version on a tablet found in Nippur. Several historians commented on the impossibility of Darius I (Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty) to conquer the region occupied by the Scythians despite having already triumphed over Anatolia and other major territories he had conquered. His predecessor on the throne Cyrus the Great was killed by a Scythian tribe, the Massagetae, during one of his military campaigns.

To the Celts was a name which means beauty