Alan Barth (1906–1979) was a 20th-century American journalist and author, specializing in civil liberties, best known for his 30-year stint as an editorial writer at The Washington Post as well as his books, particularly The Loyalty of Free Men (1951).
He was born Alan Barth Lachheimer on October 21, 1906, in New York City to Jacob and Flora (Barth) Lauchheimer. He received his Ph.B. from Yale University in 1929 and was a Nieman fellow at Harvard University 1948-49.
In 1936, Barth worked on the Beaumont Enterprise in Beaumont, Texas, where he had grown up. In 1938, he went to Washington, DC, as a reporter for the McClure Newspaper Syndicate. In 1941 during World War II, he worked first in the Treasury and then the Office of War Information.
In 1943, Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter, a fellow New Dealer, recommended Barth to Eugene Meyer, publisher of The Washington Post publisher at that time. Meyer hired him as an editorial writer for a paper. In 1945, Barth denounced a threat by white drivers of buses in Washington, DC, who threatened to strike if the city started to hire black drivers: "To bar men from serving in these jobs because of their race or color is at once to hamper the war program and to subvert the principles for which the war is being waged." In the 1950s, he challenged the investigations of U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy. In 1950, he defended the performance Earl Browder (former head of the Communist Party of the USA, by McCarthy's Congressional investigating committee for "refusing to identify and stigmatize certain persons whose names were presented to him." By that time, the Post had come under fire as being "pro-Communist."
He retired in 1972.
Personal and death
Barth married Adrienne Mayer on July 1, 1939. They had two children.
He was an advocate for civil rights and for gun control.
Barth helped change the identity of the Washington Post from conservative to liberal and to an institution dedicated to civil liberties. David Halberstam described Barth as "more passionate than most intelligent men and more intelligent and reasoned than most passionate men."
His best-known book is probably the posthumously published The Rights of Free Men: An Essential Guide to Civil Liberties, a collection of his articles, editorials, speeches, and other material. In 1951, he was awarded the Hillman Prize for his book, The Loyalty of Free Men. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1952. The U.S. Government had it removed from its public bookshelves.
- The Rights of Free Men: An Essential Guide to Civil Liberties (1984)
- Prophets with Honor: Great Dissents and Great Dissenters in the Supreme Court (1974)
- Presidential Impeachment (1974)
- Government by investigation (1973)
- The Heritage of Liberty (1965)
- Law Enforcement versus the Law (1963)
- The Price of Liberty (1961)
- When Congress investigates (1955)
- The Loyalty of Free Men (1951) with foreword by Zechariah Chafee
- "F.D.R. as a politician" in Harper's (February 1945)
- "How good is an FBI report?" in Harper's (March 1954)
- "Why handle criminals with kid gloves?" in Harper's (September 1959)
- Hailey, Jean R. (21 November 1979). "Alan Barth, Retired Post Writer, Dies". Washington Post. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Pace, Eric (21 November 1979). "Alan Barth, Editorial Writer, Dies; Championed Civil Liberties Causes". The New York Times. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- "Alan Barth". Washington Post. 21 November 1979. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Halberstam, David (2012). The Powers That Be. Open Road Media. pp. 344–348. ISBN 9781453286098.
- Alan Barth, review of The Autobiography of a Curmudgeon by Harold L. Ickes in The New Republic, 1943, collected in The New Republic, Volume 108, p. 677
- "Who Said It First? Journalism is the 'first rough draft of history.'" by Jack Shafer, Slate (30 August 2010)
- "The Hillman Prize Previous Honorees". The Sydney Hillman Foundation. p. 12. Retrieved 2015-05-21.
- "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter B" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved May 17, 2011.
- Barth, Alan (February 1945). "F.D.R. as a politician". Harper's. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Barth, Alan (March 1954). "How good is an FBI report?". Harper's. Retrieved 3 October 2017.
- Barth, Alan (September 1959). "Why handle criminals with kid gloves?". Harper's. Retrieved 3 October 2017.