Oliveira in 2012
|Birth name||Alan Fonteles Cardoso Oliveira|
|Born||August 21, 1992|
Alan Fonteles Cardoso Oliveira (born August 21, 1992) is a Paralympian athlete from Brazil competing mainly in category T44 sprint events. Oliveira is a double-below-the-knee amputee, classifying him in the Paralympic T43 class; athletes in this class run in T44 event.
Oliveira was born in Marabá, in the state of Pará. He had both legs amputated at the age of 21 days, after an intestinal infection led to sepsis. By the age of eight, he was competing in athletics. Oliveira began running with wooden prostheses, and started competing in races in Brazil at age 13. He began running on carbon-fibre blades at the age of 15, shortly before competing in his first Paralympics in Beijing.
Competing at the 2008 Summer Paralympics in Beijing, Oliveira won a silver medal in the T42–T46 4 × 100 metres relay as part of the Brazilian team, after failing to win a medal in the T44 200m. At the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London he won gold in the T44 200m, ahead of Oscar Pistorius who was a favorite to win. Immediately after the race Pistorius caused controversy by criticising the blades Oliveira had used, claiming they were too long and artificially increased his stride length, giving him an unfair advantage. Pistorius' complaint was denied at that time by the International Paralympic Committee, which stated all athletes were measured prior to the race by a classifier and all blade lengths were approved for competition.
The IPC also confirmed that Pistorius had raised the issue of prosthetic lengths in personal contacts about six weeks prior to the race. SASCOC issued a statement declaring their full support and promising to assist in discussions with the IPC about the issue of blade lengths after the Games. The IPC expressed willingness to discuss the issue. Australian runner Jack Swift and USA runner Jerome Singleton, among other athletes, also expressed support for Pistorius' position regarding a possible competitive advantage.
In July 2013 at the Paralympic Anniversary Games in London Oliveira became world's fastest double amputee athlete when he completed the T43 100m race in a time of 10.57 beating his previous record of 10.77 which he had set in Berlin in June 2013.
At the 2016 Summer Paralympics, held in Rio de Janeiro in his home country of Brazil, Oliveira failed to reach the final of either the 100m or 200m races in the T43 class. He did however win a silver medal in the T42-T47 4x100m relay as part of the Brazil team.
- Costas, Camilla (3 September 2012), Alan Oliveira: Athlete at centre of Oscar Pistorius row, BBC, retrieved 4 September 2012
- "Paralympics 2012: Oscar Pistorius beaten by Alan Oliveira in 200m". Retrieved 2 September 2012.
- Kelso, Paul (4 September 2012). "Oscar Pistorius's tarnished gold medal win, says Alan Oliveira who had just three weeks on new blades before 200m". Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
- Kevin McCallum (4 September 2012), "IPC considers action against Oscar", Independent Online, archived from the original on 5 September 2012
- Leicester, John (5 September 2012), Column: History-maker Pistorius a hypocrite, too?, AP, retrieved 5 September 2012
- US sprinter backs Pistorius blade rule review, AFP, 5 September 2012, retrieved 5 September 2012
- Ingle, Sean (28 July 2013). "Paralympic heroes return to conquer as crowd revels in happy memories". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 30 July 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-09-23. Retrieved 2016-09-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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