He was born in London to an English father and an Icelandic mother, and his family lived in Northern Ireland, Germany and Singapore before arriving in Australia in 1966. He completed a BA at the Australian National University and a Diploma of Education at the then Canberra College of Advanced Education. Having worked as a nuclear physics technician and agricultural labourer, he began writing full-time in 1973, occasionally teaching and writing journalism.
Gould's first book of poems, Icelandic Solitaries, was published in 1978. Numerous volumes of poetry and fiction have followed, with his best known novel being To the Burning City (1991), about the relationship between two brothers, set in World War II. His work has been awarded the Kenneth Slessor Prize for Poetry (1981), the Foundation for Australian Literary Studies Best Book of the Year Award (1985), the National Book Council Banjo Award for Fiction (1992), the Royal Blind Society Audio Book of the Year Award (1999), the Philip Hodgins Memorial Award for contribution to Australian Literature (1999), and the Grace Leven Award For Poetry (2006 for The Past Completes Me - Selected Poems 1973-2003).
Later books include a novel, The Lakewoman, from Australian Scholarly Publishing, and a collection of poems, Folk Tunes, from Salt Publishing, both in 2009. The Lakewoman was shortlisted for the 2010 Prime Minister's Literary Awards. The Seaglass Spiral was published in 2012 by Finlay Lloyd, and in 2013 appeared a collection of poems and a comic opera libretto, Capital from Puncher & Wattmann, and a collection of essays, Joinery And Scrollwork: A Writer's Workbench from Quadrant Books.
- Gould, Alan (1975). The Skald mosaic : a sequence of poems. Canberra: Open Door Press.
- — (1978). Icelandic solitaries. St Lucia, Qld.: University of Queensland Press.
- — (1981). Astral sea.
- The Pausing of the Hours (1984)
- The Twofold Place (1986)
- Years Found in Likeness (1988)
- Formerlight (1992)
- Momentum (1992)
- Mermaid (1996)
- Dalliance and Scorn (1999)
- A Fold in the Light (2001)
- The Past Completes Me: Selected Poems 1973–2003 (2005) ISBN 0-7022-3516-4
- Folk Tunes (2009)
- Capital (2013)
- List of poems
|A Sixties poem||1996||Gould, Alan (Jul–Aug 1996). "A Sixties poem". Quadrant. 40 (7–8): 20.|
- The Man Who Stayed Below (1984)
- To the Burning City (1991)
- Close Ups (1994)
- The Tazyrik Year (1998)
- The Schoonermaster's Dance (2001) ISBN 0-7322-6654-8 Review
- The Lakewoman (2009)
- The Seaglass Spiral (2012)
- The Poet's Stairwell (2015)
- The Enduring Disguises: Three novellas (1988)
|The Webley||1995||Gould, Alan (Dec 1995). "The Webley". Quadrant. 39 (12): 72–74.|
- Three Streets in Search of an Author (1993)
- The Totem Ship (1996)
- Joinery And Scrollwork (2013)
- Gould, Alan (Jan–Feb 2016). "Short takes XIX (from a journal)". Quadrant. 60 (1–2): 120–122.
- "The Seaglass Spiral" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2007-08-30. (233 KiB) Synopsis & extract of upcoming novel
- A Birdseye View of the Norwegian Sea another extract from The Seaglass Spiral
- More Short Takes at Quadrant
- On poets being paid for their work Essay with Geoff Page at Thylazine
- ‘Ballade for Alan Gould’ Poem by Alan Wearne
- Marching in the Streets Gould on protesting against the Vietnam War (Video & transcript)
- Interview with Alan Gould at The Chimaera. Other poems by Alan Gould and appreciations of his work at the same site.