Born in Bebington, Maynard studied at the Universities of Newcastle upon Tyne and York. After a stint at the University of Exeter, he was appointed to the University of York in 1971. There, he became a professor in 1983, founded the Centre for Health Economics (CHE) the same year and created the York Health Policy Group in 1996. In 1995, he briefly served as the Chief Executive of the Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust. From 1997 to 2010, Maynard was Chairman of the York Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust. He was founding editor of the journal Health Economics and commentator for Pulse.
In 2000, Maynard was made Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences. He was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire in 2009 for his involvement in the National Health Service and also received honorary degrees from the University of Aberdeen in 2003 and the University of Northumbria in 2006. Along with his long-time colleague Anthony J. Culyer, he was the recipient of the 2015 William B. Graham Prize for Health Services Research.
- Cookson, Richard; Goddard, Maria; Sheldon, Trevor, eds. (2016). Maynard Matters: Critical Thinking on Health Policy. University of York, Centre for Health Economics.
- "Obituary: Professor Alan Maynard OBE". University of York, Centre for Health Economics. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- Laycock, Mike. "Tributes after death of former hospital trust chairman Alan Maynard". The Press. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- Cookson, Richard; Goddard, Maria; Sheldon, Trevor (2016). "Introduction". In Cookson, Richard; Goddard, Maria; Sheldon, Trevor (eds.). Maynard Matters: Critical Thinking on Health Policy. University of York, Centre for Health Economics. pp. xix–xxv. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- for the trust's history, see fonds NHS/YHT - York Hospitals NHS Trust, Borthwick Institute for Archives
- Briggs, Andrew; Hutton, John; Jones, Andrew M.; Mullahy, John; Sharp, Frances; Stearns, Sally (2017). "Twenty-Five Years of Health Economics: A Tribute to Alan Maynard and Acknowledgement of the Work of the Editorial Board". Health Economics. 26 (1): 3–5. doi:10.1002/hec.3456.
- "Tributes paid to leading health economist Professor Alan Maynard". Pulse Today. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- Professor Alan Maynard OBE FMedSci, Academy of Medical Sciences
- "New Year Honours: Yorkshire's great and good receive recognition". The Yorkshire Post. Retrieved 2018-02-08.
- "Alan Maynard Emeritus Professor". The University of York. Archived from the original on 1 April 2016. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
- Economists Anthony Culyer and Alan Maynard Named Co-Recipients of the 2015 William B. Graham Prize For Health Services Research Archived 2015-05-18 at the Wayback Machine – press release