|First appearance||Radio: On the Hour
Television: The Day Today
|Created by||Steve Coogan
|Portrayed by||Steve Coogan|
|Occupation||Radio and television presenter|
|Significant other(s)||Sonja (separated)|
|Relatives||Dorothy Partridge (mother)
John Partridge (grandfather)
Alan Gordon Partridge is a fictional character portrayed by English actor and comedian Steve Coogan. Partridge is a tactless and inept television and radio presenter, a parody of British media personalities and rightwing Middle England values.
Partridge was created by Coogan and Armando Iannucci for the 1991 BBC Radio 4 comedy programme On The Hour, a spoof of British current affairs broadcasting, as the show's sports presenter. He moved to television as presenter of the spoof chat show Knowing Me, Knowing You in 1994, and starred in a two-series sitcom, I'm Alan Partridge, in 1997 and 2003. In 2011, a bestselling fictional autobiography, I, Partridge: We Need to Talk About Alan, was published. A feature-length film, Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa, was released in August 2013.
The Guardian described Partridge as "one of the greatest and most beloved comic creations of the last few decades". According to Den of Geek, the character has so influenced British culture that "Partridgisms" have become part of everyday vernacular.
Alan Partridge was created for the 1991 BBC Radio 4 comedy programme On The Hour, a spoof of British current affairs broadcasting, as the show's hapless sports presenter. The character is performed by Steve Coogan and was created by Coogan and writer Armando Iannucci. The show's other writers Patrick Marber, Richard Herring and Stewart Lee wrote much of Partridge's original material, although Herring credits the creation mostly to Coogan and Iannucci. According to Iannucci, he asked Coogan to do a voice for a "generic sports reporter": "Someone said, 'He’s an Alan!' and someone else said, 'He’s a Partridge!' Within minutes we knew where he lived, we’d worked out his backstory, what his aspirations were." Coogan had performed a similar character for a BBC college radio station at university.
Following On the Hour, Partridge presented six episodes of a spoof Radio 4 chat show, Knowing Me, Knowing You with Alan Partridge, first broadcast on 1 December 1992. In 1993, On The Hour transferred to television as The Day Today. In 1994, Alan presented a television version of Knowing Me, Knowing You and a Christmas special, Knowing Me, Knowing Yule, in December 1995.
In 1997, Coogan starred as Partridge in a sitcom, I'm Alan Partridge, written by Coogan, Iannucci and Peter Baynham. The sitcom follows Partridge's life in a roadside hotel after having been left by his wife and dropped from the BBC. It was followed by a second series in 2002. Iannucci said the writers used the sitcom as "a kind of social X-ray of male middle-aged Middle England." In March 2003, the BBC broadcast a mockumentary, Anglian Lives: Alan Partridge, about Partridge's life and career.
After I'm Alan Partridge, Iannucci said he had felt the character was "kind of dead". However, in 2010, Partridge returned in a series of YouTube shorts, Mid Morning Matters with Alan Partridge. The shorts were written by brothers Neil and Rob Gibbons, who submitted scripts to Coogan's production company. According to Neil Gibbons, Coogan "invited us in, our sensibilities chimed, and before we knew it, Mid Morning Matters was up and running. We wrote it as if it was our baby, and though there was a sense that we were standing on the shoulders of giants, I think we were like two pairs of fresh eyes, and Steve seemed to fall in love with the character all over again." Coogan said they chose the web format because "it was a bit underground, a low-key environment in which to test the character out again. And the response was so good, we realised there was more fuel in the tank." The shorts were later broadcast by Sky Atlantic.
In 2011, a mock autobiography, I, Partridge: We Need to Talk About Alan, written by Coogan, Iannucci and the Gibbons brothers, was published in the UK. An audiobook version recorded by Coogan as Partridge was released on CD and downloadable audio formats. Coogan appeared as Partridge to promote the book on The Jonathan Ross Show show on 1 October 2011. The book received positive reviews and became a bestseller. A second autobiography is due in 2016.
On 25 June 2012, Partridge presented a one-hour Sky special, Alan Partridge: Welcome to the Places of My Life, taking the viewer on a tour of Norfolk. It was followed the next week by Open Books with Martin Bryce, a mock literary programme discussing Partridge's autobiography.
On 7 August 2013, a feature-length film, Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa, written by Coogan, Iannucci, Baynham and the Gibbons brother, was released in the UK. Partridge is enlisted as a crisis negotiator during a siege at his radio station. The film was directed by Declan Lowney and co-produced by StudioCanal and Coogan's production company Baby Cow, with support from BBC Films and the BFI Film Fund. It received positive reviews and opened at number one at the box office in the United Kingdom and Ireland.
Alan Partridge is an incompetent television and radio presenter. He is vain, selfish, petty and stupid, with an inflated sense of importance and celebrity. According to the Telegraph, Partidge is "utterly convinced of his own superiority, and bewildered by the world's inability to recognise it – qualities that placed him in the line of comedy lineage that runs directly from Hancock, Captain Mainwaring, and Basil Fawlty." He is tactless, and often offends his television and radio guests. He enjoys correcting others, and his relationships with women are dysfunctional. His need for public attention drives him to deceit, treachery and shameless self-promotion. He is given to bizarre and occasionally violent behaviour; in the Knowing Me, Knowing Yule Christmas special, he punches a BBC boss and a paralysed former golfer, and in an episode of I'm Alan Partridge he attacks a BBC boss with a cheese. Despite his ineptitude, Iannucci said Alan was "the perfect broadcaster for these times, when there are 24 hours to fill and dead time is a crime – he has a unique capacity to fill any vacuum with his own verbal vacuum."
Coogan described Partridge as a Little Englander, with a "myopic, slightly philistine mentality", and "on the wrong side of cool". According to Forbes, Partridge has "parochial bad taste"; he is a fan of the Daily Mail newspaper, James Bond and Lexus cars, and his music taste includes Wings and the Swedish pop group Abba, naming his son Fernando and his talk show Knowing Me, Knowing You after Abba songs. His catchphrase, "Aha!", also comes from Abba. The Independent described his voice as having "false urgency", "ringing declarations" and "nasal cadences forever veering between triumph and disaster". In earlier incarnations, Partridge's wardrobe includes a blazer, badge and tie, driving gloves, and "too-short" shorts, styles he described as "sports casual" and "imperial leisure". According to Iannucci, by the time of Alpha Papa Partridge's wardrobe had "evolved to the Top Gear Presenter Circa 2005 stage," with sports jackets and a "borderline-foppish" fringe.
According to Coogan, Partridge was originally a "one-note, sketchy character" and "freak show", but became "more and more refined as sort of a dysfunctional alter ego." Coogan began performing the character when he was 26 and used to wear ageing make-up, now unnecessary as both Coogan and Partridge are middle-aged. Partridge holds rightwing views; earlier versions of the character were more bigoted, but the writers later found there was more humour in having him attempt to be liberal. Coogan said: "He's aware of political correctness but he's playing catch-up. In the same way that the Daily Mail is a bit PC – it wouldn't be openly homophobic now – Alan is the same. He tries to be modern."
Baynham told the Guardian that "Despite the fact that people say he's awful, a lot of the time we were trying to build empathy: you're watching a man suffer but also at some level identifying with his pain." Felicity Montagu, who plays Partridge's assistant Lynn, said: "Deep down Alan is a good person. He behaves like a shit but he's quite vulnerable and lovable really."
Iannucci felt that Partridge stays optimistic because he never sees himself as others see him. Rob and Neil Gibbons felt that by the time of Mid Morning Matters, when Alan was working for an even smaller radio station, "he was more at peace with himself" and that his lack of self-awareness saved him from misery.
Reception and influence
Vanity Fair described Alan Partridge as "a national treasure ... a part of British comedy heritage as John Cleese’s Basil Fawlty and Rowan Atkinson’s Mr. Bean." According to Variety, in Britain "Alan Partridge is a full-on phenomenon, a multiplatform fictional celebrity whose catchphrases, mangled metaphors and social ineptitude are the stuff of legend and good ratings." Indiewire wrote that "few Americans may know, but Partridge is a something of a comic icon across the pond ... Before there was Ron Burgundy for the Yanks, there was Alan Partridge for the Brits." The character is less well known outside the UK, but according to Anchorman director Adam McKay “every American comic knows who Steve is, whether it’s Stiller or Ferrell or Jack Black or me ... and everyone watching those [Partridge] DVDs had the same reaction. How did I not know about this guy?”
In 2012, the Guardian wrote: "By rights, Alan Partridge should have been dead as a character years ago, the last drops of humour long since wrung out ... but Steve Coogan keeps finding ways to make him feel fresh." In 2014, Guardian writer Stuart Heritage described Partridge as "one of the greatest and most beloved comic creations of the last few decades." Alexis Petridis wrote that "One of the reasons audiences find him funny is that they recognise at least a bit of themselves in him." Reviewing Alpha Papa in 2013, the Independent wrote that "Partridge is a disarming creation" and that despite his flaws "we always root for him." In 2015, the entertainment news site Mandatory described him as "a fascinatingly layered and fully realized creation of years of storytelling and a fundamentally contemptible prick — he feels like a living, breathing person, but a living, breathing person that you want to strangle."
According to Den of Geek, the character has so influenced British culture that "Partridgisms" have become part of everyday vernacular. "Monkey Tennis", one of Partridge's television proposals, has become shorthand for absurd television concepts. Another of his proposals, "Youth Hostelling with Chris Eubank", was used as the basis of a 2015 television advert with boxer Chris Eubank for the hostel booking site Hostelworld. An unofficial Twitter account, "Accidental Partridge", which collects quotes from real media figures reminiscent of Partridge's speech, had attracted 144,000 followers by May 2014. In July 2015, an art exhibition inspired by the character opened in Norwich.
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- "reviews: TELEVISION Knowing Me Knowing Yule... with Alan Partridge (BBC2) It's not easy being incompetent - Alan Partridge is to chat-show interviewing what Rudolf Nureyev was to spot welding. But maybe it's time to get real.". Retrieved 2015-06-21.
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- Patrick, Seb (2013-08-13). "'Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa' is the 'Top Daddy' of the UK Box Office | Anglophenia". BBC America. Retrieved 2014-02-17.
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- Allen, Shane; Coogan, Steve; Front, Rebecca; Iannucci, o; Key, Tim; Montagu, Felicity; Schneider, David. "Alan Partridge's top 10 hits - in video". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-19. Missing
|last3=in Authors list (help); Missing
|last5=in Authors list (help)
- Virtue, Graeme. "Alan Partridge: a look inside his mind". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
- "Steve Coogan On 23 Years Of Alan Partridge". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
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- Felperin, Leslie. "Film Review: 'Alan Partridge: Alpha Papa'". Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Drumm, Diana. "Review: Why 'Alan Partridge' Isn’t Just For Steve Coogan Fans". Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Crace, John. "TV review: Alan Partridge: Welcome to the Places of My Life; Veep; Walking and Talking". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Petridis, Alexis. "Alan Partridge's music taste: surprisingly great". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-10.
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- Fleckney, Paul (2015-05-29). "Quiz: Monkey Tennis, Britain's Hardest Grafters … which are real TV shows?". The Guardian (in en-GB). ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Plunkett, John. "'Is there a place for Monkey Tennis?'". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-06-21.
- Gill, AA (February 14, 2010). "Sir Christopher Meyer makes his move for more telly work". London: The Sunday Times.
- TV, Guardian. "Youth Hostelling With Chris Eubank: Alan Partridge's TV dream comes true". the Guardian. Retrieved 2015-08-21.
- "Accidental Partridge: TalkSport's Sam Matterface drops textbook Alan-ism on-air". Retrieved 2015-06-19.
- "Alan Partridge inspires city art exhibition - BBC News". Retrieved 2015-08-01.
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