Alan Soper

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Alan Soper
Dr Alan Soper FRS.jpg
Alan Soper at the Royal Society admissions day in London, July 2014
Born
Alan Kenneth Soper

(1951-06-15) 15 June 1951 (age 68)[1]
Romford, Essex
Alma materUniversity of Leicester (BSc, PhD)
Awards
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
ThesisThe Structure of Aqueous Solutions (1977)
Doctoral advisorJohn Enderby[4]
Websiteisis.stfc.ac.uk/People/alan_soper5044.html

Alan Kenneth Soper (born 1951)[1] FRS[5] is an STFC Senior Fellow at the ISIS neutron source based at the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory in Oxfordshire.[6][7]

Education[edit]

Soper was educated at the Campion School, Hornchurch[1] and the University of Leicester where he was awarded a Bachelor of Science degree[when?] followed by a PhD in 1977 for research into the structure of aqueous solutions conducted at the Institut Laue–Langevin in Grenoble supervised by John Enderby.[4]

Career[edit]

Before moving to RAL in 1997, Soper was a postdoctoral researcher and assistant professor in the Physics Department at the University of Guelph, Ontario in Canada and a staff member at the Los Alamos National Laboratory at Los Alamos, New Mexico in the United States.[1]

Research[edit]

Soper's research investigates molecular-level structures in structurally disordered systems.[8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][10][18][19][20] Soper was chair of the prestigious Gordon Research Conference on Water and Aqueous Solutions in 2008 and is the co-designer of the Near and InterMediate Range Order Diffractometer (NIMROD) instrument[21][22][23][24] on the ISIS neutron source.

Soper is a world expert in the structure of water and water-based solutions at the molecular level. Using experimental techniques such as neutron and X-ray diffraction, combined with computer simulation and structure refinement, Soper investigates the organisation and behaviour of water molecules, including their interaction with other molecules and surfaces. His work has relevance given the importance of water in the biochemical processes of living organisms.[5]

He has characterised the structure of water under extreme conditions – as found miles down at the bottom of the ocean – and in heavily confined water such as occurs in nanoscopic mineral cavities. He has observed that this water is likely to be under significant tension – about −1000 atmospheres.[5]

Awards and honours[edit]

Soper was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 2014.[5] His nomination reads:

Soper was made an ISIS neutron source senior research fellow in 2009.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "SOPER, Dr Alan Kenneth". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com. 2016 (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b "Dr Alan Soper FRS". London: The Royal Society. Archived from the original on 16 September 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. ^ ISIS water legend, Materials Today 2009-08-22
  4. ^ a b Soper, Alan Kenneth (1977). The Structure of Aqueous Solutions. ethos.bl.uk (PhD thesis). University of Leicester. hdl:2381/32283. OCLC 500569358.
  5. ^ a b c d Anon (2014). "Dr Alan Soper FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

  6. ^ Alan Soper's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  7. ^ List of publications from Microsoft Academic
  8. ^ Soper, A.; Ricci, M. (2000). "Structures of High-Density and Low-Density Water". Physical Review Letters. 84 (13): 2881. Bibcode:2000PhRvL..84.2881S. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.84.2881. PMID 11018966.
  9. ^ Hardacre, C.; Holbrey, J. D.; McMath, S. E. J.; Bowron, D. T.; Soper, A. K. (2003). "Structure of molten 1,3-dimethylimidazolium chloride using neutron diffraction". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 118: 273. Bibcode:2003JChPh.118..273H. doi:10.1063/1.1523917.
  10. ^ a b Sposito, G; Skipper, N. T.; Sutton, R; Park, S; Soper, A. K.; Greathouse, J. A. (1999). "Surface geochemistry of the clay minerals". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96 (7): 3358–64. Bibcode:1999PNAS...96.3358S. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.7.3358. PMC 34275. PMID 10097044.
  11. ^ Soper, A. K. (2008). "Structural transformations in amorphous ice and supercooled water and their relevance to the phase diagram of water" (PDF). Molecular Physics. 106 (16–18): 2053. Bibcode:2008MolPh.106.2053S. doi:10.1080/00268970802116146.
  12. ^ Soper, A. K. (2014). "Supercooled water: Continuous trends". Nature Materials. 13 (7): 671–3. Bibcode:2014NatMa..13..671S. doi:10.1038/nmat4019. PMID 24947780.
  13. ^ Soper, A. K. (2011). "Density minimum in supercooled confined water". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 108 (47): E1192, author reply E1193–4. Bibcode:2011PNAS..108E1192S. doi:10.1073/pnas.1112629108. PMC 3223440. PMID 22080613.
  14. ^ Clark, G. N.; Hura, G. L.; Teixeira, J; Soper, A. K.; Head-Gordon, T (2010). "Small-angle scattering and the structure of ambient liquid water". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (32): 14003–7. Bibcode:2010PNAS..10714003C. doi:10.1073/pnas.1006599107. PMC 2922569. PMID 20647388.
  15. ^ Soper, A. K.; Teixeira, J; Head-Gordon, T (2010). "Is ambient water inhomogeneous on the nanometer-length scale?". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 107 (12): E44, author reply E45. Bibcode:2010PNAS..107E..44S. doi:10.1073/pnas.0912158107. PMC 2851810. PMID 20220097.
  16. ^ Soper, A. K. (2002). "THERMODYNAMICS: Enhanced: Water and Ice". Science. 297 (5585): 1288–9. doi:10.1126/science.297.5585.1288. PMID 12193774.
  17. ^ Dixit, S; Crain, J; Poon, W. C.; Finney, J. L.; Soper, A. K. (2002). "Molecular segregation observed in a concentrated alcohol-water solution". Nature. 416 (6883): 829–32. Bibcode:2002Natur.416..829D. doi:10.1038/416829a. PMID 11976678.
  18. ^ Pertsemlidis, A; Soper, A. K.; Sorenson, J. M.; Head-Gordon, T (1999). "Evidence for microscopic, long-range hydration forces for a hydrophobic amino acid". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 96 (2): 481–6. Bibcode:1999PNAS...96..481P. doi:10.1073/pnas.96.2.481. PMC 15162. PMID 9892659.
  19. ^ Pertsemlidis, A; Saxena, A. M.; Soper, A. K.; Head-Gordon, T; Glaeser, R. M. (1996). "Direct evidence for modified solvent structure within the hydration shell of a hydrophobic amino acid". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 93 (20): 10769–74. Bibcode:1996PNAS...9310769P. doi:10.1073/pnas.93.20.10769. PMC 38230. PMID 8855255.
  20. ^ Leberman, R; Soper, A. K. (1995). "Effect of high salt concentrations on water structure". Nature. 378 (6555): 364–6. Bibcode:1995Natur.378..364L. doi:10.1038/378364a0. PMID 18286746.
  21. ^ Bowron, D. T.; Soper, A. K.; Jones, K.; Ansell, S.; Birch, S.; Norris, J.; Perrott, L.; Riedel, D.; Rhodes, N. J.; Wakefield, S. R.; Botti, A.; Ricci, M. -A.; Grazzi, F.; Zoppi, M. (2010). "NIMROD: The Near and Inter Mediate Range Order Diffractometer of the ISIS second target station". Review of Scientific Instruments. 81 (3): 033905. Bibcode:2010RScI...81c3905B. doi:10.1063/1.3331655. PMID 20370190.
  22. ^ Bowron, D. T.; Soper, A. K.; Jones, K.; Ansell, S.; Birch, S.; Norris, J.; Perrott, L.; Riedel, D.; Rhodes, N. J.; Wakefield, S. R.; Botti, A.; Ricci, M. -A.; Grazzi, F.; Zoppi, M. (2010). "NIMROD: The Near and Inter Mediate Range Order Diffractometer of the ISIS second target station". Review of Scientific Instruments. 81 (3): 033905. Bibcode:2010RScI...81c3905B. doi:10.1063/1.3331655. PMID 20370190.
  23. ^ Tudisca, V.; Bruni, F.; Scoppola, E.; Angelini, R.; Ruzicka, B.; Zulian, L.; Soper, A. K.; Ricci, M. A. (2014). "Neutron diffraction study of aqueous Laponite suspensions at the NIMROD diffractometer". Physical Review E. 90 (3). Bibcode:2014PhRvE..90c2301T. doi:10.1103/PhysRevE.90.032301.
  24. ^ ISIS NIMROD, Science and Technology Facilities Council
  25. ^ ISIS water legend, Materials Today 2009-08-22