Alan West, Baron West of Spithead

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The Lord West of Spithead

1SL Alan West (cropped).jpg
West in September 2013
Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Security and Counter-Terrorism
In office
28 June 2007 – 11 May 2010
Prime MinisterGordon Brown
Preceded byTony McNulty
Succeeded byThe Baroness Neville-Jones
First Sea Lord
Chief of Naval Staff
In office
September 2002 – February 2006
Prime MinisterTony Blair
Preceded bySir Nigel Essenhigh
Succeeded bySir Jonathon Band
Chancellor of Solent University
In office
28 June 2006 – 1 October 2018
DeputyProfessor Graham Baldwin
Succeeded byTheo Paphitis
Member of the House of Lords
Lord Temporal
Assumed office
9 July 2007
Life Peerage
Personal details
Born (1948-04-21) 21 April 1948 (age 71)
London, United Kingdom
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)
Rosemary Anne Linington Childs (m. 1973)
Military service
AllegianceUnited Kingdom
Branch/serviceRoyal Navy
Years of service1965–2006
RankAdmiral
CommandsFirst Sea Lord
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
Chief of Defence Intelligence
Commander United Kingdom Task Group
Director of Naval Staff Duties
HMS Bristol
HMS Ardent
HMS Yarnton
Battles/warsFalklands War
Iraq War
AwardsKnight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Cross

Alan William John West, Baron West of Spithead, GCB, DSC, PC (born 21 April 1948) is a retired admiral of the Royal Navy and formerly, from June 2007 to May 2010, a Labour Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office with responsibility for security and a security advisor to Prime Minister Gordon Brown. Prior to his ministerial appointment, he was First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff from 2002 to 2006.

Early career in the Royal Navy[edit]

West was born on 21 April 1948 in Lambeth, London, and was educated at Windsor Grammar School (now known as The Windsor Boys' School) and Clydebank High School.[1] He joined Britannia Royal Naval College in 1965 and served in HMS Albion during her standby duty for the Nigerian Civil War and circumnavigated the globe in HMS Whitby, taking part in the Beira Patrol. He was confirmed as a sub-lieutenant on 1 September 1969,[2] and promoted to lieutenant on 1 May 1970.[3] After his command of the Ton-class minesweeper HMS Yarnton in Hong Kong in 1973, he qualified as a principal warfare officer in 1975 and then served as operations officer in the frigate HMS Juno in 1976 and then the frigate HMS Ambuscade in 1977.[1] Promoted to lieutenant commander on 1 April 1978,[4] he attended the Royal Navy Staff College that year and then qualified as an advanced warfare officer before being posted to the destroyer HMS Norfolk in 1979.[1]

In 1980 he was promoted to commander and took command of the frigate HMS Ardent,[1] and deployed to the Indian Ocean taking part in the first Armilla Patrol. In 1982 he laid a wreath off Norway, on the spot inside the Arctic Circle where the previous Ardent had been sunk in 1940 by the German battleships Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. Shortly after, the ship deployed to the South Atlantic for the Falklands War,[5] where she was sunk in Falkland Sound on 21 May during the successful retaking of the islands.[6] West was the last to leave the sinking ship and was subsequently awarded the Distinguished Service Cross for his leadership.[7] West led the victory parade through the City of London on return from the Falkland Islands. He remains the President of the HMS Ardent Association.[8]

In 1986, while working on the Naval Staff at the Ministry of Defence, West left documents detailing large cuts to the Navy on a canal towpath. These documents were recovered and then published by a journalist from The Mail on Sunday. At a subsequent court martial West pleaded guilty to charges of negligence and breaching security.[9] He explained that they had fallen from his coat pocket whilst walking a friend's dog. West was issued with a severe reprimand, the second lightest sentence available. The reprimand was time expired before he became eligible for promotion to flag rank.[10]

Senior Royal Navy career[edit]

The Former First Sea Lord in his capacity as Chancellor of Southampton Solent University with graduating British Merchant Navy officers in 2011

Promoted to captain in 1987, he was given command of HMS Bristol[1] and the Dartmouth training squadron in March of that year and led the study into employment of women at sea before spending three years as head of naval intelligence[1] rewriting the NATO intelligence manual after the collapse of the Soviet Union. In 1992 he attended the Royal College of Defence Studies,[1] where he produced a Seaford House Paper on why the UK needed a ‘Grand Strategy’. He attended the Higher Command and Staff Course at the Staff College, Camberley in 1993 before being promoted to commodore and becoming Director of Naval Staff Duties at the Ministry of Defence later that year.[1]

West became rear admiral on appointment as Naval Secretary in March 1994,[11] responsible for officer appointing and also naval manning and moved its organisation from London to Portsmouth. In February 1996 he became Commander United Kingdom Task Group[1] deploying to the Gulf for the first UK fighter patrols over Iraq (conducted by Sea Harrier FA2) and to the South China Sea to cover the withdrawal from Hong Kong (Operation OceanWave).[12]

In October 1997 he was promoted to vice admiral and Chief of Defence Intelligence.[1] He was responsible for the move of the Intelligence school from Ashford to Chicksands, and provision of intelligence to the Chiefs of Staff on operations in Sierra Leone, East Timor, Operation Desert Fox in Iraq, and the Kosovo War. West was created a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in the 2000 New Year Honours.[13] He became a full admiral in November 2000 when he took up the post of Commander-in-Chief Fleet, NATO Commander-in-Chief East Atlantic and NATO Commander Allied Naval Forces North.[1] West co-ordinated the naval response to the September 11 attacks in the North Arabian Sea and Afghanistan.[14]

First Sea Lord[edit]

Admiral Sir Alan West, then First Sea Lord, is pictured with the official chart of anchorages for the International Fleet Review

West was appointed as First Sea Lord and Chief of the Naval Staff in September 2002.[1] He was also a member of the Defence Council and Admiralty Board as well as First and Principal Naval Aide-de-Camp to the Queen.[1] In his role he had overall responsibility for fighting effectiveness and morale of the Naval Service (Royal Navy, Royal Marines, Royal Fleet Auxiliary and medical services) for the successful operations on the US right flank in the invasion of Iraq.[15]

During his time as First Sea Lord, West implemented the defence white paper entitled Delivering Security in a Changing World which proposed cutting three Type 23 frigates, three Type 42 destroyers, four nuclear submarines, six minehunters and reducing the planned purchase of Type 45 destroyers from twelve to eight.[16] In a message to the Royal Navy, West said "We must continue the shift in emphasis away from measuring strength in terms of hull numbers and towards the delivery of military effects... I am confident that these changes will leave the Navy better organised and equipped to face the challenges of the future."[17]

In 2004, he appeared on BBC Radio 4 and spoke about Trafalgar 200.[18] Trafalgar 200 was a celebration of the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Trafalgar. It saw an international fleet in the Solent led by Queen Elizabeth II and by the First Sea Lord. West led the demand by the Royal Navy for a major ceremony. He is credited with persuading the government to make the event include a large scale fleet review.[6] In 2005 he served as the chief mourner at a reenactment of Horatio Nelson's funeral.[19] In the 2004 New Year Honours, he was advanced to a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath.[20] He completed his term as First Sea Lord on 6 February 2006 and was succeeded by Admiral Sir Jonathon Band.[21]

Post-naval career[edit]

West was installed as the first Chancellor for Solent University (formerly Southampton Institute and Southampton Solent) on 28 June 2006,[22][23] appointed to the board of the Imperial War Museum on 6 July 2006[24] and made chairman of the advisory board of defence contractor QinetiQ in October 2006.[25] West will leave his role at Southampton Solent University in summer 2018 after the graduation ceremonies.[26]

In April 2010 West also became patron of the Docklands Sinfonia symphony orchestra.[27] In 2014 he presented the 15-part BBC Radio 4 series "Britain at Sea".[28] He has been, since at least November 2014, a member of the Henry Jackson Society's Political Council.[29] He is also a non-executive chairman of Spearfish Maritime Security.[30]

Political life[edit]

On 29 June 2007, West was appointed Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the British Home Office, with responsibility for security in the administration of Gordon Brown, and that same day Brown announced that West was to be created a life peer. On 9 July 2007, he was created Baron West of Spithead, of Seaview in the County of Isle of Wight,[31] and took his seat in the House of Lords. In November 2007 he told the BBC Radio 4 Today programme that he was not "totally convinced" of the need for 42-day detention (without trial) of terrorist suspects. But less than two hours later, following a meeting with the Prime Minister, he said he was "convinced" of the need for the new legislation. The incident was an embarrassment for the government, particularly as West was the minister charged with navigating the controversial legislation through the House of Lords.[32] During his time with the Home Office, he produced the United Kingdom's first ever National Security Strategy (as trailed in his Seaford House paper of 1992) and Cyber Security strategy as well as formulating a series of other new strategies: the counter-terrorist policy, cyber security, chemical, biological radiological and nuclear security, science and technology for countering international terrorism and guidance for local government in enhancing the security of crowded places.[23] In May 2010, Lord West departed the Home Office.[33]

Post-Home Office[edit]

In September 2011, he contributed to a book entitled What Next for Labour? Ideas for a New Generation; in his piece he highlights his view that defence spending under Tony Blair was insufficient.[34] In August 2014, West was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[35]

In 2014, he challenged Michael Gove to a boxing match after Gove's reported comments ahead of the centenary commemorations that left-wing academics were spreading unpatriotic myths about the First World War via programmes like Blackadder.[36]

In the wake of the June 2015 Sousse attack, he said Britain must step up the "propaganda war" against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). "They are running rings around us in terms of the social media they are putting out." He also suggested the West should consider working with Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, whom he qualified as a "loathsome man", while he called for Britain to consider joining the US in conducting air strikes against ISIL targets in Syria.[37]

In January 2016, following news emerging about serious power and propulsion problems with the Royal Navy Type 45 destroyer, West argued it was a "national disgrace" that the Navy only had 19 destroyers and frigates.[38] In August 2016, he described the issues facing the MoD post-Brexit as a "perfect storm", insisting that there were great difficulties for the British military as a result of Britain's exit from the European Union.[39]

In April 2018, he expressed doubts as to whether Assad's government perpetrated the alleged Douma chemical attack and dismissed the White Helmets as having "a history of doing propaganda for the opposition forces in Syria".[40]

Personal life[edit]

In 1973, West married Rosemary Anne Linington Childs; they have two sons and one daughter.[1] West said that during one overseas posting in a foreign country, the bugging of communications and accommodation was so widespread that Rosemary would say "Goodnight everybody" before turning off the light to sleep.[41]

West has admitted during security vetting to an extramarital affair,[42] and was forced to respond to rumours in 2007 about his friendship with Anni-Frid Lyngstad of ABBA with "I'm not having an affair with her".[42] Newspaper reports at the time said "He always had an eye for beautiful women"[42] and that he was "a bon viveur, fond of good wine, good food and good chat".[43]

Honours and awards[edit]


Order of the Bath UK ribbon.svg UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR.svg
South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR.svg Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png

Ribbon Description Notes
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.svg Order of the Bath (GCB)
  • Military Division
  • 2004 Knight Grand Cross [20]
  • 2000 Knight Commander [13]
UK Distinguished Service Cross BAR.svg Distinguished Service Cross (DSC)
South Atlantic Medal w rosette BAR.svg South Atlantic Medal
Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Golden Jubilee Medal
  • 2002
  • UK version of this medal
QEII Diamond Jubilee Medal ribbon.png Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal
  • 2012
  • UK version of this medal
Spange des König-Abdulaziz-Ordens.png Order of King Abdulaziz

Arms[edit]

Coat of arms of Alan West, Baron West of Spithead
Coronet
That of a Baron
Crest
Issuant from Naval Coronet Or a demi Chinese Dragon Azure supporting with the foreclaws an Anchor Or
Torse
Or and Azure
Escutcheon
Azure a Lymphad Or between the tops of four Towers issuant in saltire Argent
Supporters
On either side a Sea Lion Azure charged on the Chest with a Rose Or and resting upon a Naval Cannon the barrel to the centre also Or
Motto
Be Just And Kind
Orders
Order of the Bath
Other elements
Pendant of the Distinguished Service Cross[45]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Who's Who 2010, A & C Black, 2010, ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8
  2. ^ "No. 44987". The London Gazette (Supplement). 12 December 1969. p. 12549.
  3. ^ "No. 45092". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 May 1970. p. 5038.
  4. ^ "No. 47527". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 May 1978. p. 5464.
  5. ^ "No. 49194". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 December 1982. p. 16121.
  6. ^ a b "First Sea Lord Admiral Sir Alan West On Nelson And Trafalgar 2005". Culture 24. 21 December 2005. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  7. ^ "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12836.
  8. ^ "Admiral the Lord West of Spithead GCB DSC". HMS Ardent Association. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  9. ^ "Officer who lost plans made First Sea Lord". The Telegraph. 18 April 2002. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  10. ^ "Admiral Lord West's change of tack". The Telegraph. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  11. ^ "Senior Royal Navy Appointments" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  12. ^ "Naval deployment". UK Defence Forum. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  13. ^ a b "No. 55710". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1999. p. 2.
  14. ^ "Lord West". Home Office. Archived from the original on 27 July 2008. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Sir Alan West". London Speaker Bureau. Archived from the original on 17 September 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  16. ^ "Security: Future Capabilities HL Deb vol 664 cc227-45". UK Parliament. 21 July 2004.
  17. ^ "MESSAGE FROM THE CHIEF OF THE NAVAL STAFF". Royal Navy News Service. 21 July 2004. Archived from the original on 12 August 2004.
  18. ^ "Sir Alan West". BBC Radio 4 – Midweek. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  19. ^ "First Sea Lord is chief mourner at Nelson's funeral re-enactment on Friday 16 September". Government News. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  20. ^ a b "No. 57155". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 2003. p. 2.
  21. ^ "Senior Royal Navy appointment". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  22. ^ "Solent University 2018". Solent University. 2018. ISBN 978-1-408-11414-8.
  23. ^ a b "Chancellor Lord West of Spithead". Southampton Solent University. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  24. ^ "Sir Alan appointed to the Imperial War Museum". 6 July 2006. Archived from the original on 10 November 2013. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  25. ^ Private Eye No.1188, 6–19 July 2007, p.9, "Tales of the Riverbank"
  26. ^ "We are bidding a fond farewell to Lord West". Southampton Solent University. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 1 June 2018.
  27. ^ "About us". Docklands Sinfonia. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  28. ^ "Britain at Sea". BBC. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  29. ^ "Advisory Council – Political Council members". Henry Jackson Society. Archived from the original on 23 September 2013. Retrieved 4 November 2014.
  30. ^ "Home". Spear-fish.com. Retrieved 17 February 2017.
  31. ^ "No. 58391". The London Gazette. 13 July 2007. p. 10139.
  32. ^ "Pienaar's view: Terror issue not plain sailing". BBC. 16 November 2007. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  33. ^ "UK Parliament - Biography". Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  34. ^ "Admiral Lord West: Defence". Tom Scholes-Fogg. 7 October 2011. Archived from the original on 9 July 2012. Retrieved 18 August 2012.
  35. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories". 7 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014.
  36. ^ "Lord West challenges Michael Gove to a fight". Daily telegraph. 25 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2016.
  37. ^ "Tunisia attack: chilling new video shows gunman firing shots as he is chased by hotel staff". The Telegraph. 29 June 2015. Retrieved 1 July 2015.
  38. ^ Jessica Elgot (29 January 2016). "British warships need multimillion-pound refit to stop power failures". The Guardian. Retrieved 30 January 2016.
  39. ^ "Ministry of Defence 'facing extra £700m costs post Brexit'". BBC. 11 August 2016. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  40. ^ "Former Naval chief: Syria chemical attack 'could be propaganda'". talkRADIO. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  41. ^ Watts, Joseph (25 October 2013). "US warned that spying on allies could harm fight against terror". London Evening Standard. p. 8. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  42. ^ a b c "Abba star and I are just friends insists Brown's security chief". Evening Standard. 16 December 2007.
  43. ^ Carter, Lewis; Edwards, Richard (17 December 2007). "Admiral West denies affair with Abba singer". Daily Telegraph.
  44. ^ "No. 49134". The London Gazette (Supplement). 8 October 1982. p. 12836.
  45. ^ "Photograph of the Coat of Arms". Retrieved 6 April 2019.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Malcolm Rutherford
Naval Secretary
1994–1996
Succeeded by
Fabian Malbon
Preceded by
Sir John Foley
Chief of Defence Intelligence
1997–2000
Succeeded by
Sir Joe French
Preceded by
Sir Nigel Essenhigh
Commander-in-Chief Fleet
2000–2002
Succeeded by
Sir Jonathon Band
First Sea Lord
2002–2006
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
The Lord Malloch-Brown
Gentlemen
Baron West of Spithead
Followed by
The Lord Jones of Birmingham