This enzyme belongs to the family of ligases, to be specific those forming carbon-oxygen bonds in aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds. The systematic name of this enzyme class is L-alanine:tRNAAla ligase (AMP-forming). Other names in common use include alanyl-tRNA synthetase, alanyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, alanyl-transfer RNA synthetase, alanyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase, alanine-transfer RNA ligase, alanine transfer RNA synthetase, alanine tRNA synthetase, alanine translase, alanyl-transfer ribonucleate synthase, AlaRS, and Ala-tRNA synthetase. This enzyme participates in alanine and aspartate metabolism and aminoacyl-trna biosynthesis.
HOLLEY RW, GOLDSTEIN J (1959). "An alanine-dependent, ribonuclease-inhibited conversion of adenosine 5'-phosphate to adenosine triphosphate. II. Reconstruction of the system from purified components". J. Biol. Chem. 234 (7): 1765–8. PMID13672960.