Alash Party

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Alash nationalist party (1917–1920) was a constitutional democratic party, and a liberation movement, in the Alash Autonomy on the territory of the present-day Kazakhstan and Russia. They advocated for equal treatment between Kazakhs and Russians and the cessation of Russian settlement on the Kazakh lands. It was notably the first modern organized political Kazakh elite group.[1]

Alash party attempted to reinforce Kazakh identity rather than embracing Russian identities. Western secularism and ties to the Muslim world were the major dividing issues among the party intelligentsia and the Kazakh elites, through the Russian Civil War.[1]

Chairman of the party, and president of the Alash Autonomy was Alikhan Bokeikhanov. Prior to the formation of Alash party, he and other notable members of the party were members of the liberal Constitutional Democratic Party.[1]

Alash party ceased to exist in August 26, 1920 after the Bolsheviks defeated White Army that was occupying territory of the Alash Autonomy, and formed Kirghiz Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic.

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  1. ^ a b c Galick, David (March 29, 2014). "Responding to the Dual Threat to Kazakhness: The Rise of Alash Orda and its Uniquely Kazakh Path". The School of Russian and Asian Studies. Retrieved March 14, 2015.