Alaska's at-large congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Alaska's At-large congressional district
AK01 109.png
U.S. RepresentativeDon Young (RFort Yukon)
Area570,641 sq mi (1,477,950 km2)
Distribution
  • 65.7% urban
  • 34.3% rural
Population (2016)741,894[1]
Median income57,431
Ethnicity
Occupation
Cook PVIR+9[2]

Since becoming a U.S. state in 1959, Alaska has been entitled to one member in the United States House of Representatives, elected in the State's sole, at-large congressional district. Based on area, Alaska's congressional district is by far the largest congressional district in the United States (the next-largest being less than a quarter of the size of Alaska), and is one of the largest electoral districts in the world.

Since March 6, 1973, Republican Don Young has been the member for the district.

History[edit]

The district was created when Alaska achieved statehood on January 3, 1959, to elect Alaska's single member. Since then, Alaska has had a single congressional district.

Voter registration[edit]

Voter registration as of January 5, 2018
Party Total voters Percentage
Unaffiliated 287,965 53.93%
Republican 141,547 26.51%
Democratic 76,330 15.29%
Minor parties 28,131 5.27%
Total 533,973 100%

Presidential Elections results[edit]

Election results from presidential races:

Year Office Results
1960 President Richard Nixon 51 - John F. Kennedy 49%
1964 President Lyndon B. Johnson 66 - Barry Goldwater 34%
1968 President Richard Nixon 45 - Hubert Humphrey 43%
1972 President Richard Nixon 58 - George McGovern 35%
1976 President Gerald Ford 58 - Jimmy Carter 36%
1980 President Ronald Reagan 54 - Jimmy Carter 26%
1984 President Ronald Reagan 67 - Walter Mondale 30%
1988 President George H. W. Bush 60 - Michael Dukakis 36%
1992 President George H. W. Bush 39 - Bill Clinton 30%
1996 President Bob Dole 51 - Bill Clinton 33%
2000 President George W. Bush 59 - Al Gore 28%
2004 President George W. Bush 61 - John Kerry 36%
2008 President John McCain 59 - Barack Obama 38%
2012 President Mitt Romney 55 - Barack Obama 41%
2016 President Donald Trump 51 - Hillary Clinton 37%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Cong
ress
Representative Party Term Electoral history
District created January 3, 1959
86th
87th
88th
89th
Ralph Julian Rivers.jpg
Ralph J. Rivers
Democratic January 3, 1959 –
December 30, 1966
First elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.

Lost re-election, then resigned early.
Vacant December 30, 1966 –
January 3, 1967
90th
91st
Howard Wallace Pollock.jpg
Howard W. Pollock
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1971
First elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.

Retired.
92nd Nick Begich.jpg
Nick Begich
Democratic January 3, 1971 –
December 29, 1972
Elected in 1970.
Went missing October 16, 1972.
Re-elected in 1972.

Declared dead December 29, 1972.
Vacant December 29, 1972 –
March 6, 1973
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Don Young, official 115th Congress photo portrait.jpg
Don Young
Republican March 6, 1973 –
present
Elected to finish Begich's term.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.

Re-elected in 2018.

Election results[edit]

This district is normally considered safely Republican because no Democrat has been elected since 1972 and because incumbent Don Young has rarely faced a serious challenge since 1992 when he beat Mayor John Devens (D-Valdez) by 4%. Although allegations of corruption against Young led Democrats to target this seat in 2008, Young retained his seat.

1958 to 2004[edit]

Year Republican Democratic Green Libertarian Others Write-in[3]
Candidate Votes Pct Candidate Votes Pct Candidate Votes Pct Candidate Votes Pct Candidate Votes Pct Votes Pct
1958 Henry A. Benson 20,699 42.5% Ralph Rivers 27,948 57.5%
1960 R. L. Rettig 25,517 43.2% Ralph Rivers (inc.) 33,546 56.8%
1962 Lowell Thomas, Jr. 26,638 44% Ralph Rivers (inc.) 33,953 56%
1964 Lowell Thomas, Jr. 32,556 48.5% Ralph Rivers (inc.) 34,590 51.5%
1966 Howard W. Pollock 34,040 51.6% Ralph Rivers (inc.) 31,867 48.4%
1968 Howard W. Pollock (inc.) 43,577 54.2% Nick Begich 36,785 45.8%
1970 Frank Murkowski 35,947 44.9% Nick Begich 44,137 55.1%
1972 Don Young 41,750 43.8% Nick Begich (inc.) 53,651 56.2%
1973 Don Young 35,044 51.4% Emil Notti 33,123 48.6%
1974 Don Young (inc.) 51,641 53.8% William L. Hensley 44,280 46.2%
1976 Don Young (inc.) 83,722 70.8% Eben Hopson 34,194 28.9% 292 0.2%
1978 Don Young (inc.) 68,811 55.4% Patrick Rodey 55,176 44.4% 200 0.2%
1980 Don Young (inc.) 114,089 73.8% Kevin Parnell 39,922 25.8% 607 0.4%
1982 Don Young (inc.) 128,274 70.8% Dave Carlson 52,011 28.7% 799 0.4%
1984 Don Young (inc.) 113,582 55% Pegge Begich 86,052 41.7% Betty Breck (I) 6,508 3.2% 295 0.1%
1986 Don Young (inc.) 101,799 56.5% Pegge Begich 74,053 41.1% Betty Breck 4,182 2.3% 243 0.1%
1988 Don Young (inc.) 120,595 62.5% Peter Gruenstein 71,881 37.3% 479 0.2%
1990 Don Young (inc.) 99,003 51.7% John S. Devens 91,677 47.8% 967 0.5%
1992 Don Young (inc.) 111,849 46.8% John S. Devens 102,378 42.8% Mike Milligan 9,529 4% Michael States (AI) 15,049 6.3% 311 0.1%
1994 Don Young (inc.) 118,537 56.9% Tony Smith 68,172 32.7% Joni Whitmore 21,277 10.2% 254 0.1%
1996 Don Young (inc.) 138,834 59.4% Georgianna Lincoln 85,114 36.4% John J. G. Grames 4,513 1.9% William J. Nemec II (AI) 5,017 2.1% 222 0.1%
1998 Don Young (inc.) 139,676 62.6% Jim Duncan 77,232 34.6% John J. G. Grames 5,923 2.7% 469 0.2%
2000 Don Young (inc.) 190,862 69.6% Clifford Mark Greene 45,372 16.5% Anna C. Young 22,440 8.2% Leonard J. Karpinski 4,802 1.8% Jim Dore (AI) 10,085 3.7% 832 0.3%
2002 Don Young (inc.) 169,685 74.5% Clifford Mark Greene 39,357 17.3% Russell deForest 14,435 6.3% Rob Clift 3,797 1.7% 291 0.1%
2004 Don Young (inc.) 213,216 71.1% Thomas M. Higgins 67,074 22.4% Timothy A. Feller 11,434 3.8% Alvin A. Anders 7,157 2.4% 1,115 0.4%
Year Republican Democratic Green Libertarian Others Write-in

Source: "Election Statistics". Office of the Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 30 July 2008. Retrieved August 8, 2008.

2006 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2006
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 132,743 56.57% -14.50%
Democratic Diane Benson 93,879 40.01% +17.65%
Libertarian Alexander Crawford 4,029 1.72% -0.67%
Green Eva Ince 1,819 0.78% -3.03%
Independent William Ratigan 1,615 0.69%
Independent Write-In Votes 560 0.24% -.13%
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 234,645

2008 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2008
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 158,939 50.14 -6.43
Democratic Ethan Berkowitz 142,560 44.98 +4.97
Independent Don Wright 14,274 4.50 +4.50
Independent Write-In Votes 1,205 0.38 +0.14
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 316,978

2010 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2010
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 175,384 68.96 +18.82
Democratic Harry Crawford 77,606 30.51 -14.47
Independent Write-In Votes 1,345 0.53 +0.15
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 254,335

2012 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2012
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 185,296 63.94 -5.02
Democratic Sharon Cissna 82,927 28.62 -1.89
Libertarian Jim McDermott 15,028 5.19 +5.19
Independent Ted Gianoutsos 5,589 1.93 +1.93
Independent Write-In Votes 964 0.33 -0.20
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 289,804

2014 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2014
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 142,260 50.95 -12.99
Democratic Forrest Dunbar 114,317 40.94 +12.32
Libertarian Jim McDermott 21,373 7.65 +2.46
Independent Write-In Votes 1,269 0.45 +0.12
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 279,219

2016 election[edit]

United States House of Representatives election in Alaska, 2016
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Don Young (inc.) 155,088 50.32 -0.63
Democratic Steve Lindbeck 111,019 36.02 -4.92
Libertarian Jim McDermott 31,770 10.31 +2.66
Independent Bernie Souphanavong 9,093 2.95 +2.95
Independent Write-In Votes 1,228 0.40 -0.05
Republican hold Swing
Turnout 308,198

Living former members[edit]

Since the death of Howard Wallace Pollock on January 9, 2011, there have been no living former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Alaska's at-large congressional district. The most recently serving Representative to die was Nick Begich, who disappeared in a plane crash on October 16, 1972, while serving in office.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Prior to the 1976 election, official election returns released by the State of Alaska were typewritten rather than computer generated, and write-in votes were not included in published vote totals

Coordinates: 64°N 153°W / 64°N 153°W / 64; -153