Alaska, Zimbabwe

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Alaska
Alaska is located in Zimbabwe
Alaska
Alaska
Location in Zimbabwe
Coordinates: 17°22′30″S 30°03′54″E / 17.37500°S 30.06500°E / -17.37500; 30.06500
CountryFlag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe
ProvinceMashonaland West
Districts of ZimbabweMakonde District
MunicipalityAlaska Municipality
Elevation
3,900 ft (1,200 m)
Population
 (2002)
 • Total3,846
Time zoneUTC+2 (CAT)
ClimateCwa

Alaska is a small town in central northern Zimbabwe in Makonde District, Mashonaland West Province.

Location[edit]

The town is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) west of the city of Chinhoyi, the location of the district and provincial headquarters.[1] Approximately 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) to the northeast of Alaska are the Chinhoyi Caves in the Chinhoyi Caves National Park, a local tourist attraction.[2] The town sits at an elevation of 1,180 metres (3,870 ft), above sea level.[1]

History[edit]

Alaska grew up around the eponymous Alaska Mine, where pre-colonial miners are believed to have mined about a million tonnes of ore. Messina Transvaal Development Company (MTD) started producing copper in 1959 and the Mine closed in 1977. MTD built a smelter nearby in 1966 and a Refinery in 1980. Other mines in the district also produced copper flotation concentrate which was brought to Alaska for smelting and refining.[1] These Mines included MTD's Mhangura copper mine in Mhangura and Shackleton mine near Lions Den. The smelter and refinery closed in late 2000 by which time most of the mines feeding it had to close, devastating the local economy and plunging the town's inhabitants into poverty. Periodic reports of Chinese investment reopening the mine and smelter have not come to fruition.[3]

Population[edit]

According to the 1982 Population Census, the town had a population of 3,854.[1] By 2002 its population stood at 3,846 people.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Encyclopedia Zimbabwe (2nd ed.). Worcester: Arlington Business Corporation. 1989. ISBN 0-9514505-0-6.
  2. ^ Map Showing Alaska And Chinhoyi Caves With Distance Marker
  3. ^ "Misery stalks former copper miners". Financial Gazette. Zimbabwe. 20 June 2015. Retrieved 1 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Zimbabwe - Population Census 2002". Central Statistical Office (CSO) – Government of Zimbabwe. p. 145. Retrieved 1 November 2016.

Coordinates: 17°22′30″S 30°03′54″E / 17.37500°S 30.06500°E / -17.37500; 30.06500