Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Makhdoom Alauddin Ali Ahmad Sabir Kaliyari[1]
Other namesMakhdoom-ul-Alam, Sabir E Pak, Makhdoom, Ali Ahmad, Baba Sabir, Charaag e Chisht
Personal
Born21 February 1196
Died16 March 1291(1291-03-16) (aged 95)
ReligionSunni Islam
Other namesMakhdoom-ul-Alam, Sabir E Pak, Makhdoom, Ali Ahmad, Baba Sabir, Charaag e Chisht
Senior posting
Based inPiran kalyar, Roorkee, India
PredecessorBaba Fareed
SuccessorShamsuddin Turk Panipati, Hyder Shah At.Panipat
PostSufi saint

Makhdoom Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir, also known as صابر کلیری Sabir Kaliyari ("Sabir of Kaliyar"), was an Indian Sunni Muslim preacher and Sufi saint in the 13th century. He was nephew successor to Baba Fareed (1188–1280),[2] and the first in the Sabiriya branch of the Chishti Order. Today, his dargah (Sufi mausoleum) is in Kaliyar town, near Haridwar in Uttarakhand state, India. The (Dargah) shrine is one of the most revered shrines for Muslims in India, after Ajmer Sharif at Ajmer.

Biography[edit]

Khawaja Sultan Ul Arifeen Sayyid Sabir Pak Ali Ahmed was the great grandson of Peer Ghous Ul Azam Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani. His father was Sayyid Abdus Salaam Abdur Rahim Jilani, son of Sayyid Abdul Wahaab Jilani, eldest son of Sayyid Abdul Qadir Jilani. His mother was Sayyidah Jamilah, elder sister of Baba Farid Ganjshakkar and direct descendant of Umar Al Faruq.[3] Alauddin Sabir Kaliyari was born in Kohtwaal, a town in the district of Multan in 13 Rabi' al-awwal, 592 Hijri (1196). After the death of his father, Syed Abul Rahim, his mother, brought him to Pakpattan in 1204 to Baba Fareed.[2]

Baba Fareed entrusted him with the duty of distribution of food (Langar). He accepted this duty happily and in between engaged himself in prayers. He dispensed with his duties well and also attended the discourse of Baba Freed Ganj-e-Shakar. He did not partake of a single morsel from food (langer), kept fasts and went to the jungle and ate wild berries and leaves. He did his duties for 12 years. He prayed continuously and his abstentions were never disrupted. Frequent and continuous fasting and eating leaves and wild food made him weak. When his mother came back again and saw him, she complained to his brother (Baba Fareed) about his weakness. Baba Fareed called upon him and asked the reason. Sabir Pak replied, “You ordered me to distribute the food and not to partake from it”. Baba Fareed embraced him happily and remarked, “He is sabir (Patient)”. From that day forth, He became famous with the name of “Sabir”.[3]

Dargah[edit]

His resting place Dargah is in Peeran-e- Kaliyar, 7 km from Roorkee, in Haridwar district, besides Ganga canal, and is approachable by a metalled road. The tomb was built by Ibrahim Lodhi, a ruler of Delhi. A 15-day 'Urs' celebrations are held each year at the shrine, in the Rabi' al-awwal month of the Hijri and the Dargah has become a symbol of national integration as people regardless of their religion, caste and creed throng it, in large numbers.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Faizan e Hazrat Sabir Pak Kaliyar Sharif
  2. ^ a b Sheikh Farid, by Dr. Harbhajan Singh. Hindi Pocket Books, 2002. ISBN 81-216-0255-6. Page 11.
  3. ^ a b Books - Tadhkira'e'Sarkar Alauddin Ali Ahmed Sabir Kaliyari. 31 May 2011.
  4. ^ Dargahinfo - Complete Collection of Dargahs World Wide
  • Book: Tadhkira Anwar-i-Sabiri – An account of Sabir's Enlightenment] by Dar-ul-Ehsan Publications and Sabir'ul Baqa Networks
  • Mashaikh-e-Chist, by Maulana Muhammad Zakariyya, Translated by Mujlisul Ulama of South Africa, 1998
  • Islam in India, by Vidyajyoti Institute of Religious Studies Islamic Section. Vikas Pub. House, 1985. ISBN 0-7069-2751-6. page 61.
  • Encyclopaedia of Sufism, Ed. Masood Ali Khan & S. Ram. New Delhi, Anmol, 2003, Vol 1–12. ISBN 81-261-1311-1. (Vol 5.)
  • Rose, H.A., Ibbetson, D., Maclagan, E.D.A glossary of the tribes and castes of the Punjab and North-West Frontier Province. Vol. 3, L.-Z with Appendices A.-L, Asian Educational Services, 1990. ISBN 978-81-206-0505-3