Alavi Bohras

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45th Da'i e Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin saheb

The Alavi Bohras علوي بھرۃ are a Taiyebi Musta'alavi Isma'ili Shi'i Muslim طیبي مستعلوي اسماعیلي شیعۃ مسلم community from Gujarat, India. In India, during the time of the 18th Fatimid Imam Ma'ad al-Mustansir Billah around 1093 AD in Egypt, the designated learned people (wulaat ولاۃ) who were sent from Yemen by the celebrated missionaries-du'aat دعاۃ under the guidance of the Imam established a Da'wah دعوۃ in Khambhat.

After the division of the Mustaalid community, the Yemenite Da'wah followed their 21st Imam, the son of 20th Imam Aamir in the succession of Fatimid Imams of Egypt, at-Taiyeb Abul Qaasim[1] as their Imam of seclusion ستر, and the Bohras are the modern descendants of Taiyebi Da'wah established from Khambhat, Patan and Sidhpur in the 5th century Hijri and also the immigrants from Yemeni Taiyebi Da'wah.

Subsequently, splits occurred at various instances in the mainstream Bohra community regarding the spiritual appointment in the succession of the representative of the Imam us Satr or Da’i in Ahmedabad between 1422-1640 AD. Two major splits during this period resulted in the formation of three major groups of Bohras: Alavis,[2] Dawoodis and Sulaymanis.

Basic history[edit]

After the seclusion of 21st Fatimid Imam at-Taiyeb Abul Qaasim[3] from Egypt in 528 AH, in Yemen under the guidance of Hujjat-e-Imam Saiyedah Hurrah Malekah Arwaa bint Ahmad[4] from 532 AH, one Da'i داعي succeeded another through the tradition of Nass نص -the exclusive spiritual appointment, until the 23rd Da'i i.e. from 1st Da'i Saiyedna Zoeb bin Saiyedi Moosa till 23rd Da'i Saiyedna Mohammad Izzuddin. In Sindh and India too Wali-ul-Hind ولي الھند were appointed by these Du'aat دعاۃ one after another until Wali-ul-Hind Maulaai Ja'far, Maulaai Abd ul Wahab and Maulaai Qaasim Khan bin Hasan (11th and last Wali-ul-Hind, d.950AH, Ahmedabad). The last three wali were of great help in the era of the 21st to 24th Da'i i.e. Saiyedna Husaamuddin (921-932 AH), Saiyedna Shamsuddin (933 AH), Saiyedna Izzuddin (933-946 AH) and Saiyedna Najmuddin (946-974 AH). It was during this time when the seat of Da'wat e Haadiyah was transferred to India from Yemen, that the 23rd Da'i ul-Mutlaq الداعي المطلق Mohammed Izzuddin performed Nass (transfer of authority) on Yusuf Najmuddin bin Saiyedi Sulaiman in Sidhpur, Gujarat, India.

Due to constant harassment and persecution by the local Zaydi Shi'a ruler in Yemen, the 24th Da'i, Yusuf Najmuddin bin Saiyedi Sulayman (d.1567 AD), shifted the whole administration of the Da'wat Haadiyah (rightly guided mission) to India but continued to live in Yemen in the last years of his tenure and died there in Taibah. The 25th Da'i Jalaal Shamsuddin (d.1567 AD) was first Da'i to die in India and he was torch-bearer in establishing the representation نیابۃ of the Imam of the Time امام الزمان from the progeny of Mohammad though he stayed for only 4 months on the Seat of Da'wat عرش الدعوۃ; his mausoleum روضۃ مبارکۃ is in Ahmedabad, India. As mentioned his tenure as a Da'i ul-Mutlaq was very short but he played a pivotal role as one of the most trusted person from Hudood حدود and as a Mazoon مأذون مطلق during the period of 23rd and 24th Da'i.

Following the death of the 26th Da'i Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Saiyedi Ajabshah in 997 AH/1591 AD in Ahmedabad, there was a dispute as to who was to succeed him. Sulayman bin Hasan, the grandson of 24th Da'i, was wali in Yemen and claimed the succession, supported by the other Yemeni Bohra. However, the Indian Bohra denied his claim of nass, declaring supporting documentation to be forged. The two factions separated, with the followers of Sulayman becoming the Sulaymanis, and the followers of 27th Da'i Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Saiyedi Qutubshah becoming the Dawoodi Bohra.

After the death of the 28th Da'i, Saiyedna Sheikh Aadam Safiyuddin, in 1030 AH/1621 AD, a small faction of Alavi Bohra in Ahmedabad recognized his grandson Saiyedna Ali bin Saiyedi Ibrahim[5] (1046 AH/ 1637 AD) who was Mazoon, Mansoos and treasurer of Kutub e Da'wat, as his successor and got separated in 1030 AH from the majority Dawoodi Bohra who believed in Abdut Taiyeb Zakiyuddin, and Alavi Bohra followed a separate line of Du'aat residing mainly in Vadodara (Gujarat, India).

Saiyedna Ali, the 29th Alavi Da'i was born in the walled city of Vadodara in Fakhri Mohalla, when 27th Da'i Saiyedna Dawoodji bin Saiyedi Qutubshah was alive in Ahmedabad. His father Saiyedi Ibrahim died during his childhood. He was Haafiz ul-Qur'an in a tender age and when his grandfather 28th Da'i Saiyedna Shaikh Aadam brought him to Ahmedabad for further studies in Uloom-e-Da'wat in the majlis of 27th Da'i, by seeing face of Saiyedna Ali, 27th Da'i gave glad-tidings بشارۃ to 28th Da'i that, "This son will become the Light of your Eyes, so educate him as he is going to become the man of great acclaim"

At Present[edit]

  • Haatim ul-Khayraat, Rabee' ul-Barakaat Abu Sa'eed il-Khayr Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin[6] saheb is the 45th Da'i e Mutlaq in the Line of Succession of Du'aat e Mutlaqeen[7] الدعاۃ المطلقین. He was born on 8th Rabi' ul-Awwal 1379 AH/10-9-1959 AD, Thursday in Vadodara.He is the actual Dai of Alavi Bohras. He ascended on the holy Throne of Da'wah Haadiyah عرش الدعوۃ الھادیۃ on 20th Sha'baan 1436 AH/7-6-2015 AD, Sunday in the presence of the Whole Community and took their Oath of Allegiance[8] میثاق or بیعت امام الزمان علیہ السلام in the name of the 21st Imam and his progeny.
  • Saiyedna saheb's younger brothers,
  1. Saiyedi Mohammad Bhaisaheb Nuruddin is on the Status of Mukaasir[9] - مکاسر which is next to Mazoon[10] - مآذون
  2. Dr Hakeemuddin Bhaisaheb Zulqarnain is on the Status of Ra's ul Hudood.[11] After this Hierarchy comes the Status of 24 Hudood.
  • Vadodara City (Gujarat, India) is the Headquarters of Alavi Bohras where Saiyedna saheb stays along with the family members at Devdi Mubaarak.[12] It is the place where right from 32nd Da'i stayed and imparted knowledge to their subjects in their respective periods. It has now become the hub of Isma'ili-Taiyebi branch of Learning. As it houses the Islamic Personal Library of Rare Books and the Unique Personal Collection of MSS[13] pertaining to Isma'ili Taiyebi Literature. Under strict supervision and permission Saiyedna saheb himself manages the Library affairs.

Certain Isma'ili Taiyebi Terminology[edit]

Designating a Person on a Spiritual Rank[edit]

  • نص - Nass: It is an explicit, clear and specific declaration and designation through Divine Indication and Spiritual Intervention-تأئید إلھي for the appointment of a successor-منصوص, be it an Imam or his deputy-داعي during Imam’s concealment by his predecessor-ناص amongst his subjects, publicly-نص جلي or privately-نص خفي and at times supported by written documentary orders-سجل شریف.  This tradition and practice-سنۃ اللہ is related to the Isma’ili Taiyebi succession to the seat of Imaamat, whereby each Imam under hidden heavenly commands designates his successor, when he witnesses the Light of Imaamat-نور الإمامۃ has got transferred to one of his sons whom he selects for Nass.  During the seclusion of Imam, his deputy-Da’i performs this act of succession whom he finds eligible for the status of Da’i.  He might not be from his sons, unlike the succession of Imam where an Imam always appoints his successor from one of his sons.  The succession of Imaamat has begun from the Aadam Safiyullaah-آدم صفي اللہ and will continue till the last day when Qaa’im ul Qeyaamah-قائم القیامۃ will act as the final authority on the Day of Judgement.

Da'i al-Mutlaq[edit]

  • الداعي المطلق، داعي المطلق - ad-Da'i ul-Mutlaq or Da'i al-Mutlaq: It is the spiritual rank in Isma'ili Da'wah which became more explicit and operational after the seclusion of 21st Fatimid Imam of Cairo, Abul Qaasim at-Taiyeb in 528 AH/1134 AD. After Mohammad this rank is on the 6th position and after this comes Mazoon-مأذون and Mukaasir-مکاسر. Before the seclusion the Da’i or a missionary works under the direct orders of Imaam and his trusted associates in all the 12 islands-جزائر where faithful were present and living openly propounding their faith or secretly due to the fear of their lives. In Yemen, after the seclusion, Da’i was given Itlaaq-إطلاق or a free conduct and absolute religious and social authority but under the governing principles of Isma’ili Taiyebi Faith. His command is regarded as a final decree guided by the divine support of Imam and this is the reason he is called Da’i al-Mutlaq. Unlike the case of Imam, where he appoints his successor only from his sons through divinely guided practice called Nass-نص, the Da’i can appoint anyone in his place who is most trusted, pious and capable of carrying Da’wah affairs with wisdom and proficiency. Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin is the 45th Da’i al-Mutlaq of Alavi Bohras in the line of succession of these Da’is in which 24 are in Yemen, 7 are in Ahmedabad, 1 is in Surat and 12 are in Vadodara.

Mazoon al-Mutlaq[edit]

  • المأذون المطلق - al-Mazoon al-Mutlaq, Mazoon e Mutlaq: The Licentiate, Authoritative Rank, the most trusted associate in Da’wah ranks who takes Bay’at-Pledge of Loyalty from his subjects by the orders of Da’i al-Mutlaq.  He is on a Spiritual Rank in the Isma’ili Taiyebi Da’wah hierarchy immediately below the authority of Da’i who sits in his right side and who carries out the religious activities as per the regulations of Da’wah organization.  At any cost he always assists and obeys his superior and his Master, the Da’i al-Mutlaq.  His prime responsibility is to conduct teaching sessions and make them understand the basic things of Isma’ili Taiyebi faith.  In the absence of Da’i he acts as his legatee.  Da’i may appoint his Mazoon as his successor.  And if not Da’i can appoint someone more learned and efficient for the post of Da’i after him and can never disqualifies Mazoon from his post. As the respectable post of Mazoon is necessary for the completeness of Spiritual Hierarchy. As far as Alavi Da'wah is concerned, from the time of 28th Da'i in Ahmedabad till 44th Da'i in Vadodara, every Mazoon has become Mansoos (successor) of a former Da'i. There exist not a single instance where Mazoon and Mansoos are separate entities. Da'i after examining minutely appoints his Mazoon only when he finds him eligible to be his successor. On the death of Mazoon, Da'i immediately appoints another trusted person on this rank.

Mukaasir al-Mutlaq[edit]

  • المکاسر المطلق - al-Mukaasir al-Mutlaq, Mukaasir e Mutlaq - The Eight and the last rank in the Spiritual Hierarchy of the Isma’ili Taiyebism.  He sits left to the Da’i al-Mutlaq during the religious gathering-Majlis. He is lower to the rank of Mazoon. He is well versed and well informed about the baseless beliefs of other sects for which he thinks as a threat to the faith of believers.  His responsibility is to train the beginner - مستجیب مؤمن and win over the neophyte who is little aware of the overall understanding of Islamic Faith and by proper grooming he enters him into the fold of Isma’ilism by taking Oath of Fealty in the name of the present Da’i al-Mutlaq.  He is quite expert in putting Rational and Logical arguments with necessary ideological and doctrinal proofs and healthy debates. On the death of Mukaasir, Da'i entrusts this rank to one of his close associates. In some cases, on the death of Mazoon, Da'i elevates Mukaasir to the rank of Mazoon.

A Beginner in Isma'ili Taiyebi Faith[edit]

  • مؤمن مستجیب - Mu'min Mustajeeb - A Believer or a Beginner in Isma'ili Taiyebi Faith who pure-heartedly, respectfully, devotionally and uncondionally accepts the guidance from Mukaasir e Mutlaq and gives Oath of Obedience to all the Eight Spiritual Ranks viz. from Mukaasir to Nabi (prophet). After giving oath he initiates his long journey of learning, piety and salvation. With every passing day he only learns and acquires the articles of faith which his Superiors think beneficial for him. As he is a beginner, as per Isma'ili Faith, he cannot doubt or question a little bit on any command of his Masters (صاحب مقام).

List of Noble Missionaries (da'i al-mutlaq - الداعي المطلق pl. du'aat al-mutlaqeen - الدعاۃ المطلقین)[edit]

Yemen[edit]

During the time of 18th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Abu Tameem Mustansir Billaah and his son, 19th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Abu Qaasim Musta’ali, four important personalities strengthened the foundation of Faatemi Da’wat in Yemen. They were Saiyedna ‘Ali bin Mohammad as-Sulayhi, Saiyedna Ahmad al-Mukarram (aq), Saiyedatona Hurrat ul-Malekah Arwaa binte Ahmad and Saiyedna Lamak bin Maalik. They injected new life in the Walaayat[14] of Imaam uz-Zamaan[15] and guided the faithful to the Path of Truth and Justice. Faithfuls were in peace and harmony under their leadership.

After the demise of Maulaana Imaam Musta’ali, his son, 20th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Abu ‘Ali Aamir, ascended to the throne of Imaamat on 17th Safar 495 AH/1101 AD. His period of Imaamat is 31 yrs. He was martyred by his enemies in Cairo on the night of 4th Zul Qa’dah 526 AH/1132 AD and died on the same night. Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah, who was in Yemen during all these hard times, was preparing to establish firmly the institution of Faatemi Taiyebi Da'wat in Yemen in the name of the 21st Faatemi Imaam Abul Qaasim Taiyeb who was born to 20th Imaam Aamir on 4 Rabi' al-Aakhar 524 AH/1130 AD in Cairo. She acted as Hujjat of Imaam during this period. She came to knew the fate of Fatimid Caliphate through the signs sent to her by 20th Imaam. Saiyedna Lamak bin Maalik and Saiyedna Yahyaa bin Lamak learned the knowledge of Da’wat from Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah that helped her by all means in the administration of Da’wat. This was a crucial time when there was an imminent fall of Caliphate in Cairo and simultaneous reinforcement and establishment of Faatemi Da’wat in Yemen.

There were numerous Hudood who were seeking the knowledge of Da’wat by the permission of Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah from Saiyedna Lamak bin Maalik and Saiyedna Yahyaa bin Lamak. Out of all Hudood, Saiyedna Zo’eb bin Moosa and Saiyedna as-Sultan al-Khattaab were outstanding in grasping the teachings and intricacies of the Faatemi Da’wat. They both clearly stood out of the group in their smartness and intelligence. With the permission of Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah, they were ascended to the higher ranks of the Hudood and were given privilege to acquire the complete knowledge of Da’wat. These two personalities, in future, were to become pivotal forces in the beginning of the succession of Du’aat ul-Akrameen in Yemen. Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah now had two more loyal Hudood to support her. No one knew, but this was Hikmat (wisdom) of Allaah that within a span of 10 years Saiyedna Lamak bin Maalik and Saiyedna Yahyaa bin Lamak died in Yemen, In their absence, Saiyedna Zo’eb bin Moosa and Saiyedna as-Sultaan al-Khattaab served Da’wat with full devotion in such a way that Maulaatona Hurrat ul-Malekah never felt void of anyone.

Before her death on 22nd Sha'baan 532 AH/1138 AD, she appointed Saiyedna Zo'eb as the First Da'i al-Mutlaq داعي المطلق of three 3 jazaa'ir Hind, Sindh and Yemen. Thus one after the another this succession of Du'aat al-Mutlaqeen دعاۃ المطلقین continued in Yemen till the death of 24th Da'i Saiyedna Yusuf Najmuddin on 16th Zul Hijjah 974 AH/1567 AD.

No. Name of the Da'i (Saiyedna - سیدنا) Death - تأریخ الإنتقال Place of the Tomb - قبر مبارک Period of Da'wat - مدۃ الدعوۃ Licentiate - مأذون Associate - مکاسر Works - تألیفات
1 Zo'eb bin Saiyedi Moosa al-Waade’i 10 Moharram 546 AH – 28/4/1151 AD Haws Mubaarak - Yemen 13 yrs 4 mts 18 days as-Sultaan al-Khattaab bin Hasan, Ibraahim bin Husain al-Haamedi 'Ali bin Husain Risaalat un-Nafs fi Ma'refat il-Jussah - رسالۃ النفس فی معرفۃ الجثۃ
2 Ibraahim bin Saiyedi Husain al-Haamedi 16 Sha’baan 557 AH – 30/7/1162 AD Ghail-e-Bani Haamid, Hamdaan, Yemen 11 yrs 7 mts 6 days 'Ali bin Husain bin Ahmad bin al-Waleed, Haatim bin Ibraahim al-Haamedi Mohammad bin Taaher Kanz ul-Walad - کنز الولد
3 Haatim bin Ibraahim al-Haamedi 16 Moharram 596 AH – 6/11/1199 AD Hutayb Mubaarak, Yemen 38 yrs 5 mts Mohammad bin Taaher al-Haaresi, 'Ali bin Mohammad al-Waleed Tanbeeh ul-Ghaafeleen - تنبیہ الغافلین
4 'Ali bin Haatim 25 Zul Qa’dah 605 AH – 30/5/1209 AD Sana’a, Yemen 9 yrs 10 mts 10 days 'Ali bin Mohammad al-Waleed
5 ‘Ali bin Mohammad al-Waleed 27 Sha’baan 612 AH – 20/12/1215 AD Hiraaz, Yemen 6 yrs 9 mts 3 days 'Ali bin Hanzalah Ahmad bin Mubaarak Taaj ul-Aqaa'id wa Ma'dan ul-Fawaa'id - تاج العقائد و معدن الفوائد
6 ‘Ali bin Hanzalah al-Waade’i 12 Rabi’ I 626 AH – 7/2/1229 AD Hamadaan, Yemen 13 yrs 6 mts 15 days Ahmad bin Mubaarak Husain bin ‘Ali Simt ul-Haqaa'iq - سمط الحقائق
7 Ahmad bin Mubaarak 28 Jumaadi II 627 AH – 12/5/1230 AD Hamadaan, Yemen 1 yr 3 mts 16 days Husain bin 'Ali al-Qaazi Ahmad bin 'Ali bin Hanzalah
8 Husain bin ‘Ali al-Waleed 22 Safar 667 AH – 30/10/1268 AD Hiql, Sana’a, Yemen 39 yrs 7 mts 24 days al-Qaazi Ahmad bin 'Ali bin Hanzalah, 'Ali bin Husain Mohammad bin Asad Kitaab ul-Izaahe wal Bayaan fil Jawaab 'an Masaa'il il-Imtihaan - کتاب الإیضاح و البیان فی جواب عن مسائل الإمتحان
9 ‘Ali bin Husain al-Waleed 13 Zul Qa’dah 682 AH – 1/2/1284 AD Sana’a 15 yrs 8 mts 21 days Husain bin 'Ali, 'Ali bin Husain bin 'Ali bin Hanzalah As'ad bin Haatim ar-Risaalat ul-Kaamelah fi Salaas il-Layaali il-Faazalah - الرسالۃ الکاملۃ فی ثلاث اللیالي الفاضلۃ
10 'Ali bin Husain bin 'Ali bin Hanzalah al-Waade’i 1 Safar 686 AH – 17/3/1287 AD Sana’a 3 yrs 2 mts 17 days Ibraahim bin Husain

Library[edit]

Personal Alavi Library housed in the Residence of Saiyedna saheb[16] is the centre of Isma'ili Studies with the special reference to Taiyebi Branch of Literature. There are various Academic and Research Institutions which carry out studies on Isma'ili Taiyebi Literature basically starting from 225 AH till date based on Ahaadees,[17] Akaaleem,[18] Riwaayaat[19] and historic events with the assistance of renowned and experienced scholars in their respective fields. Specifically the study of Isma'ili Literature is a part and parcel of the studies of Near-Eastern Languages and Culture. Generally every University that carries out these studies also includes the study of Arabic Language which is harboured by Isma'ili scholars. These specific, selective and special studies are centered in a very few Institutions which houses Isma'ili Taiyebi Manuscripts (MSS) found in Arabic.

During the second half of 20th century AD and in the recent years the scholarly, critical and significant research work is being carried out in European, American and Middle-Eastern Universities.  But it always requires a second thought and important inputs based in Isma’ili dogmas from the authoritative seat of Da’wat.  Scholars who are not at all in the system of Isma’ili Faith lacks that special touch while dealing or summarizing or translating texts of Core Beliefs.  It is because these Isma’ili literary gems[20] had been written by Du’aat in presence of an Imam or by his commands.  It contains an Oath[21] for the Imam on which its reader must have to follow and without one is not supposed to even open a book.

As these books which were guarded into the private possessions made its way to Scholars and Researchers, the central point of Oath was mindlessly neglected and anyone who had an access to these books started their work.  No doubt great efforts and hard work have been carried out by the researchers but still there remains always a dot of doubt. The Institutions which possess rich and periodically diversified Isma’ili manuscripts has now become epicenter of scholarly activities and academic journalism.  The centre of ad-Da’wat ul-Haadiyat ul-‘Alaviyah[22] houses several hundred manuscripts which is managed, preserved, conserved and enriched by the 45th Da’i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna saheb.  This personal library contains some of the rare Islamic and Isma’ili titles and with every passing day newer titles are added.

This collection is in direct access, supervision and control of Da’i al-Mutlaq and therefore the nature and process of addition to the collection is also noteworthy and the fact that Da’i being the sole authority of Isma’ili-Taiyebi learning is cognizant of the contents of each and every MSS, old as well as recent ones.  It has been observed that due to the maintenance of secrecy of Isma’ili Literature, the private family collections in Yemen, Sindh and Hind[23] are never in direct access to the public domain nor the MSS were lent or shared to any aspirant of the study.   But the ad-Da’wat ul-Haadiyat ul-‘Alaviyah collection despite its original and unique source, the Da’i is lenient in sharing the MSS after thoroughly assessing the just and critical way of translating, editing and publishing.  Though the centre of ‘Alavi Da’wat do not directly invite scholars or researchers from foreign universities, but time and again many interested foreign scholars have come straightforwardly and studied Isma’ili titles with the Da’i himself from Iran, UK, US and Europe.

At times, when the scholars who worked for the critical study and edition of any Isma’ili title they might be having only 2-3 MSS from different origins, i.e. where writer, place and period differ, there arose the demand for the consultation of more MSS. For this purpose, the MSS of ‘Alavi Da’wat collection because of its Indian origin, proved more fruitful for better text reading and editing.  The other salient feature of ‘Alavi Library is that it is housed at the Da’is residence and most of the MSS are copied by the Du’aat from those which were brought to Vadodara when the Da’wat headquarters were shifted from Ahmedabad. 

It has been well-preserved and well-maintained by the Da’i's great efforts.  Like many other places where such MSS and bundled for centuries and remain in lock-and-key and are never referred or studies, the case is entirely different here. Here at ‘Alavi Library, Da’i consults and refers these MSS and accordingly copies its texts in individual papers for lecture purpose and hand over certain old MSS to his close aides to make its fresh copy by penning the entire text.  With age-old methods the preservation of the MSS is carried out. As Da’i personally handles all the library affairs, the question of precaution, curing or fumigation never arises.  But the Du’aat felt it compulsory to make a copy of every MSS as there was a constant fear of a single copy might get damaged by any unexpected accident or worm attack.  Every year more and more MSS are added to the collection and also they are copied as and when required.

The MSS copied by 45th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin saheb since 1405 AH/1985 AD:

Sr. No. Name - اسم الکتاب Saiyedna (Author) - اسم سیدنا المؤلف
1. Asaas ut-Ta'weel - اساس التأویل Qaadi an-No'maan bin Mohammad
2. Munirat ul-Basaa'ir - منیرۃ البصائر as-Sultaan al-Khattaab
3. al-Ibtidaa wal Intihaa - الإبتداء و الإنتھاء Hebatullaah al-Mo'ayyad ash-Shiraazi
4. Nahj ul-'Ibaadah - نھج العبادۃ Hebatullaah al-Mo'ayyad ash-Shiraazi
5. Risaalat un-Naqd - رسالۃ النقد Haatim bin Ibraahim al-Haamedi
6. Risaalat ul-Muqezah - رسالۃ الموقظۃ Sharafuddin bin Hamzah
7. Ziyaa ul-Basaa'ir - ضیاء البصائر Idrees 'Imaaduddin bin Hasan
8. Asraar ul-Imaam il-Mahdi - أسرار الإمام المھدي Imam 'Abdullaah al-Mahdi
9. Risaalat ul-Amn min al-Hayrat - رسالۃ الأمن من الحیرۃ Ya'qub as-Sijistaani

Islamic Calendar: Occasions and Commemoration as per the Calculation of Fatimid Imams[edit]

Months - شھور Date - تأریخ Events - واقعات
  1. Moharram ul-Haraam - محرم الحرام
1
  • New Year
  • Urs Mubaarak[24] of Da'i al-Balaagh[25] Maulaai 'Abdullaah - Khambhat
2-9 Daily Majlis[26] conducted in the presence of Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna saheb where detailed account of Shohadaa-e-Karbalaa - شھداء کربلاء is presented coupled with the Admonition and Explanation of Shari'ah laws and Tenets
10
13 Birth of 20th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Aamir - 490 AH/1097 AD, Cairo
15 Birth of 15th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Nazaar al-Azeez - 344 AH/955 AD, Cairo
16 Urs Mubaarak of 3rd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Mohiyuddin bin Saiyedna Ibraahim saheb - d. 596 AH/1199 AD - Hutayb Mubaarak - Yemen
18 Urs Mubaarak of 3rd Fatimid Imam Saiyed ur-Raake'een was Saajedeen Maulaana Ali Zayn ul-Aabedeen - d. 94 AH/712 AD - Jannat ul-Baqee' - Madinat ul Munawwarah
20
  • Urs Mubaarak of 35th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Nuruddin Noorbhai bin Shaikh Ali saheb - d. 1178 AH/1764 - Surat
  • Birth of 19th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Ahmad al-Musta'ali - 467 AH/1074 AD, Cairo
22 Birth of Ra's ul-Hudood Dr. Hakeemuddin Bhaisaheb Zulqarnain saheb - 1400 AH/1979 AD - Vadodara, Gujarat
23
  • Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedi Hasan Feer saheb Shaheed - d. 795 AH/1392 AD - Denmaal, Gujarat
  • Urs Mubaarak of Noor Bibi (Mother of 24th Da'i al-Mutlaq al-Yemeni Saiyedna Yusuf Najmuddin bin Sulaymaan) and Faatimah Bibi (Sister of the said Saiyedna saheb) - Dandi gaam (Maai saheb, Navsari)
27 Urs Mubaarak of Da'i al-Balaagh Saiyedi Fakhruddin saheb Shaheed - Galiyakot, Rajasthan
28 Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedi Musanji bin Taaj saheb Shaheed - Vadodara, Gujarat
2. Safar ul-Muzaffar - صفر المظفر 2
  • Urs Mubaarak of 18th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali Shamsuddin bin Saiyedna Abdullaah - d. 832 AH/1428 AD - Shaareqah, Yemen
  • Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedna as-Sultaan al-Khattaab bin Hasan - d. 533 AH/1138 - Yemen
14
  • Urs Mubaarak of 34th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Jalaal Shehaabuddin bin Saiyedi Nuhji saheb - d. 1158 AH/1745 AD - Jannat ul-Mumineen (Pratapnagar, Vadodara)
  • Urs Mubaarak of Kaka Akela - Kaki Akela saheb - Khambhat
17 Urs Mubaarak of 19th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Ahmad al-Musta'ali - d. 495 AH/1101 AD - al-Qaaherah al-Mo'izziyah - Cairo
18 Urs Mubaarak of Maulaatona Sakinah, the daughter of Imam Husain
20 Arba'een - Chehlum of Saiyed ush-Shohadaa Maulaana Imam Husain
22 Urs Mubaarak of 8th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Husain bin Saiyedna Ali saheb - d. 667 AH/1268 AD - San'aa (Yemen)
25 Urs Mubaarak of Khateebat-o-Karbalaa Maulaatona Zainab
27 Urs Mubaarak of 23rd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Mohammad Ezzuddin bin Saiyedna Hasan saheb - d. 946 AH/1539 - Zabeed (Yemen)
29 Urs Mubaarak of Sibt-o-Rasoolillaah Maulaana Imam Hasan al-Mujtabaa - d. 49 AH/669 AD - Jannat ul-Baqee' - Madinat ul Munawwarah
3. Rabi' ul-Awwal - ربیع الأول 2 Urs Mubaarak of Khaatim ul-Ambiyaa Saiyed ul-Awliyaa Muhammad - d. 11 AH/632 AD - Madinat ul Munawwarah and his Birth in Makkat ul Mukarramah in 1 'Aam ul-Feel[27]/570 AD
3 Birth of 16th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Husain al-Haakim - 375 AH/985 AD - al-Qaaherah al-Mo'izziyah, Cairo
8 Urs Mubarak of 45th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Zakiyuddin saheb - 1379 AH/1959 AD - Vadodara, Gujarat
12 Urs Mubaarak of 6th Da'i al-Mutlaq Ali bin Hanzalah saheb - d. 626 AH/1229 AD - Hamdaan (Yemen)
14 Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedi Miyaji bin Taaj saheb - Umreth, Gujarat
15 Urs Mubaarak of 11th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Abdullaah al-Mahdi - d. 322 AH/934 AD - Mahdiyah, North Africa
17 Birth of 5th Fatimid Imam, Maulaana Imam Abu Abdillaah Ja'far us-Saadiq - 83 AH/702 AH - Madinat ul Munawwarah
22 Urs Mubaarak of Mukaasir ud-Da'wat Saiyedi Nazarali Bhaisaheb - d. 997 AH/1589 AD - Jannat ul-Mumineen (Pratapnagar, Vadodara)
4. Rabi' ul-Aakhar - ربیع الآخر 4 Milaadayn Kareemayn - میلادین کریمین : Two Birthdays - Birth of Maulaana Imam uz-Zamaan[28] Abul Qaasim Taiyeb ul-'Asre wal Heen - 524 AH/1130 AD - al-Qaaherah al-Mo'izziyah and Birth of 44th Da'i al-Mutlaq al-Alavi al-Faatemi Saiyedna Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin saheb - 1351 AH/1932 AD - Badri Mohalla, Wadi, Vadodara (Gujarat, India)
11 Urs Mubaarak of 14th Fatimid Imam Maulaana Ma'ad al-Mo'iz - d. 365 AH/975 AD - al-Qaaherah al-Mo'izziyah, Cairo
16 Urs Mubaarak of 25th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Fakhruddin Jalaal bin Hasan saheb - d. 975 AH/1567 AD - Ahmedabad
19 Urs Mubaarak of 31st Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Badruddin Hasan bin Wali saheb - d. 1090 AH/1679 AD - Ahmedabad
27 Urs Mubaarak of 26th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Burhaanuddin Dawood bin Ajabshah saheb - d. 997 AH/1589 AD - Ahmedabad
5. Jumaadi ul-Ulaa - جمادي الأولی 1 Urs Mubaarak of 7th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ahmad bin Mubaarak saheb - d. 627 AH/1230 AD - Hamdaan (Yemen)
11 Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedi Nuruddin saheb - Dongaam (Aurangabad)
12 Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedato Nisaa il-Aalameen, Umm ul-A'immat il-Mayaameen, Maulaatona Faatimah az-Zahraa bint Mohammad ul-Mustafaa - d. 11 AH/632 AD - Madinat ul Munawwarah
6. Jumaadi ul-Ukhraa - جمادي الأخری 14 Urs Mubaarak of Gunj Shohadaa - Ahmedabad
15 Urs Mubaarak of 27th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Burhaanuddin Dawoodji bin Qutubshah saheb - d. 1021 AH/1612 AD - Ahmedabad
20 Birth of Umm ul-A'immah Ziyaa ul-Madeenah Maulaatona Faatimah az-Zahraa - 5 Year of Nubuwat/614 AD - Makkat ul-Mukarramah
27 Urs Mubaarak of Da'i al-Balaagh Saiyedna Lamak bin Maalik saheb - d. 510 AH/1116 AD - Hamadaan, Yemen
28
  • Urs Mubaarak of Da'i al-Balaagh Saiyedna Yahyaa bin Lamak saheb - d. 520 AH/1126 - Hamadaan, Yemen
  • Urs Mubaarak of 7th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ahmad bin Mubaarak saheb - d. 627 AH/1230 AD - Hamadaan, Yemen
29 Urs Mubaarak of Da'i ad-Du'aat Qaazi al-Quzaat[29] Saiyedna Qaazi No'maan bin Mohammad at-Tameemi al-Maghrebi - d. 363 AH/974 AD, Cairo
7. Rajab ul-Murajjab - رجب المرجب 6 Urs Mubaarak of 39th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Mufeeduddin Najmuddin bin S Shaikhali saheb - d. 1282 AH/1865 AD - Jannat ul-Mumineen (Pratapnagar, Vadodara)
7 Urs Mubaarak of 28th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Shaikh Aadam Safiyuddin bin Taiyeb shah saheb - d. 1030 AH/1621 AD - Saraspur, Ahmedabad
13-14-15 Ayyaam ul-Beez - أیام البیض : Wilaadat (birth) of Ameer ul-Mumineen Maulaana 'Ali bin Abi Taalib in Ka'batullaah - 30 'Aam ul-Feel and Fasting of Umm-e-Daawood
14
  • Urs Mubaarak of Da'i al-Balaagh Saiyedi Ya'qoob saheb - Patan
  • Urs Mubaarak of 14th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Abdul Muttalib Najmuddin bin S. Mohammad saheb - d. 755 AH/1354 AD - Hisn-e-Zimarmar, Yemen
15 8 Rak'aat[30] Prayer of afternoon - صلوۃ الزوال : The day when Maulaatona Faatimah bint Asad came out from Ka'batullaah holding Maulaana 'Ali in her hands
17
  • Urs Mubaarak of 43rd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Yusuf Nooruddin bin S. Badruddin saheb - d. 1394 AH/1974 AD - Mazaar-e-Yusufi, Badri Mohalla, Vadodara
  • Urs Mubaarak of 33rd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Mo'ayyaduddin Hebatullaah bin S. Ziyauddin saheb - d. 1151 AH/1738 AD - Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi, Vadodara
18 Urs Mubaarak of 13th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali Shamsuddin bin S. Ibraaheem saheb - d. 746 AH/1345 AD - Hisn-e-Zimarmar, Yemen
21
  • Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedi Shaikh Aadam bin S. Nooruddin saheb - Surat
  • Urs Mubaarak of Mazoon ud-Da'wat Saiyedi Bhaisaheb Sharafuddin bin S. Najmuddin saheb - Jannat ul-Mumineen (Pratapnagar, Vadodara)
  • Mohtaramah Maa-sahebah[31] Keebu bint Sharafuddin, Zawjat-e-Saiyedna Badruddin saheb - Jannat ul-Mumineen (Pratapnagar, Vadodara)
25 Urs Mubaarak of 37th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Shamsuddin Shaikhali bin S. Shamsuddin saheb - d. 1248 AH/1832 AD - Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi, Vadodara
26 Laylat ul-Mab'as or Laylat ul-Israa wal Me'raaj - لیلۃ المبعث، لیلۃ الإسراء و المعراج - Great night of the Ascention of Mohammad to the 8 Heavens
27 Yaum ul-Mab'as - یوم المبعث and Fasting : First Aayat of Qur'an i.e. the beginning of سورۃ العلق was revealed on Ghaar-e-Hiraa, Mohammad was honoured as Nabi and Master of all Ambiyaa - 40 'Aam ul-Feel/610 AD - Makkat ul Mukarramah
8. Sha'baan ul-Kareem - شعبان الکریم 5
8 Urs Mubaarak of 42nd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Badruddin Fidaali bin S Fakhruddin saheb - d. 1377 AH/1958 AD - Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi, Vadodara
14 Laylat un-Nisf {Shab-e-Baraat} - لیلۃ النصف. A special prayer of 14 Rak'aat called Washsheq[32]
15
  • Yaum-e-Tahweel ul-Qiblah - یوم تحویل القبلۃ: Ka'batullaah became the Qiblah of Islam in 2 AH/624 AD - Madinah
  • Marriage of Maulaana 'Ali Ameer ul-Mumineen with Daughter of Prophet Mohammad, Maulaatona Faatimah az-Zahraa - 2 AH/624 AD - Madinah
  • Urs Mubaarak of 17th Faatemi Imam Maulaana 'Ali az-Zaahir - d. 427 AH/1036 AD - al-Qaaherah al-Mo'izziyah, Cairo
  • Urs Mubaarak of 20th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan Badruddin bin S. Idrees saheb - d. 918 AH/1512 AD - Masaar, Yemen
16 Urs Mubaarak of 2nd Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ibraaheem bin Husain al-Haamedi saheb - d. 557 AH/1162 AD - Ghail-e-Bani Haamid, Yemen
22 Urs Mubaarak of Saiyedatona Hurrat ul-Malekah Arwa binte Ahmad saheba. Hujjat of 20th Faatemi Imam Maulaana Mansoor al-Aamir - d. 532 AH/1138 AD - Zi-Jablah, Yemen. Beginning of Da'wat e Itlaaqiyah.[33]
26 Urs Mubaarak of 36th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Hameeduddin Shamsuddin bin S Hebatullaah - d. 1189 AH/1775 AD - Bustaan-e-Badri, Wadi, Vadodara
27 Urs Mubaarak of 5th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali bin Mohammad bin al-Waleed saheb - d. 612 AH/1215 AD - Haraaz, Yemen

Salient features[edit]

Community Status[edit]

This is the Nano-Minority Community[34] of Gujarat- In the world Muslims are in Minority. In Muslims, Shi'a are a Minority. In Shi'as, Isma'ilis are a Minority. In Isma'ilis, Bohras are a Minority. In Bohras, Alavi Bohras are a Minority. Meaning Alavi Bohras are a Minority (Bohras) into a Minority (Isma'ilis) into a Minority (Shi'a) into a Minority (Muslims).

The City of Vadodara[edit]

The Peaceful City of Vadodara (Gujarat, India)[35] is the Centre of Da'wah Haadiyah 'Alaviyah الدعوۃ الھادیۃ العلویۃ (Alavi Bohras, Alavi Da'wat) since 1110 AH/1698 AD when 32nd Da'i e Mutlaq الداعي المطلق Saiyedna Jivabhai Ziyauddin migrated along with community members to Vadodara due to persecution and tyranny of other Muslim and Bohra communities. Saiyedna helped each and every Alavi Bohra migrant to get settled in Wadi area gifted by the Shi'a benevolent person Miya Mahmood. He constructed a Mosque, named Ziyaai Masjid at the entrance of the Mohalla (locality) called Badri Mohalla.

Du'aat (missionaries) after Migration[edit]

Alavi Bohras have all the Du'aat دعاۃ from 32nd till the 44th Da'i e Mutlaq Saiyedna Taiyeb Ziyauddin buried in Vadodara except 35th Da'i whose grave is in Surat. So during these 3 centuries 12 Du'aat have their mausoleum at a single place i.e. Vadodara.

Da'i knows Everyone[edit]

8000 believers of Well-Knit, Educated and Organized Alavi Bohra World-wide Community has a distinction that their Saiyedna saheb known popularly as Aqaa Maulaa knows each and every of the community by his Name, Family, Social Status, Education and Occupation. He directly meets everyone and resolves issues with his own capacity be it Spiritual, Social, Financial, Marital or Personal. He is surrounded by his Ashaab اصحاب or believers wherever he goes and doesn't need any security.

Asbaaq[edit]

Asbaaq[36] of Faith: Since years together, Da'i, Mazoon, Mukaasir and Ra's ul-Hudood impart Religious Knowledge centred on Isma'ili Taiyebi Literature,[37] dealing with Aqaa'id-عقائد (dogmas, beliefs), Sunan-سنن (traditions), Rusoomaat-رسومات (customs), Aa'maal-اعمال (deeds), Zamaan-e-Haal-زمانۂ حال (current affairs) by conducting Special as well as General Daras-درس (learning classes) weekly. Alaviyeen-علویین i.e. Believers from all walks of life come to acquire knowledge directly from Da'wah Central Authority to enhance their Intelligence and Wisdom.

Community Language[edit]

Lisaan ud-Da'wat il-'Alaviyah[38] (LDA) لسان الدعوۃ العلویۃ is the Unique language spoken by World-wide Alavi Bohras. It is basically Gujarati Language but it is embellished, supported and structured by Arabic, Persian and Urdu words, idioms, phrases, adverbs, proverbs or sometimes the whole sentence. It is very sweetly spoken among community members in homes, daily routine and socio-religious gatherings. Da'i ul-Mutlaq is doing lot many efforts in keeping this language alive. He prefers to speak in LDA and advocates others too to follow him. It has been evolved since centuries in Gujarat during the time of 18th Faatemi Imaam Maulaana Mustansir billaah who sent his missionaries for the propagation of Isma'ili faith around the end of 5th century AH.

Community Culture[edit]

Alavi Bohras have a culture that is unique in terms of dressing style, eating habits and working for livelihood. Majority of the Alavi Bohras are placed in Vadodara, Gujarat and are engaged in their own business be it their shops or factories. Learning and Education is given a lot of importance in the community and there is no restriction for females as it is evident in other cultures. Females are given the same status and freedom as the males of the communities and there are many initiatives that leading ladies in the community drive. In terms of eating habits, Alavi Bohras like each and every type of food and being a Gujarati say yes to everything. We are a very peaceful people with no interests in behavior that is termed as unlawful in the society. We are respected very much in the city by all the people.

Community Website[edit]

In 1425 AH/2004 AD during the time of 44th Da'i al-Mutlaq Saiyedna Abu Haatim Taiyeb Ziyauddin saheb, the website www.alavibohra.org was conceptualized and launched with the sole aim of making the community and World aware of the History, Practices, Customs, Events, News, Principles, Calendar, Literature, Prayers, Business, Family and Social life, Education, Occupation etc. of Alavi Bohras. It has been controlled, edited and promoted by the office of Saiyedna saheb. Hence there remains no need to confirm any information and news of the community. It can be said that, the World gets the first-hand information directly from the Da'i himself. Since its launch it caters to each and every aspect of the community. If any layman who doesn't know the ABC of Alavi Bohras, then by visiting the website no question of his will remain unanswered. Every scholar or a researcher who is doing work on Alavi Bohras will dedfinitely have to go through this community website.

Community Mobile App[edit]

Exclusive Mobile Application “Ahl uz Zikr” was launched in June 2016 on Android as well as on iOS platform. This application has now became the main medium of connectivity between Da’wat e Haadiyah-Chief Religious Authority and the community members. Office of Da'i saheb is gradually updating and adding all required features for the community learning and development. Ahl uz Zikr has become the prime source of all Divine Knowledge apart from the community website. Looking at the wide acceptance of Mobile phone among the youngsters, its a need of time to have such acceptable platform for propagation of Right Ideas. It includes News, Events, Farmaan, Conversation, Audio, Video, Classifieds, Calendar, Date Conversation, Namaaz Timings, History, Qiblah Direction, Supplication, Hadees, Tasbeeh counter etc.

Community Bank[edit]

Alavi Bohras have a leading co-operative bank in the city of Vadodara named as 'Alavi Bohra Co-operative Bank'. It is a very popular bank among the city residents and serve as good employer for the Alavi Bohra community and its people.

Beliefs and Practices of Alavi Bohras based on the Isma'ili Taiyebi Faith[edit]

Alavi Bohras are marked as dark blue

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Abul Qaasim, Taiyeb (2008-03-14). "Imam". 
  2. ^ "Welcome to the Official Website of Shi'a Isma'ili Musta'alavi Taiyebi Alavi Bohras - Home page". 
  3. ^ The succession of the Fatimd Imam al-Amir; by: S M Stern;p.195-230
  4. ^ The last hujjat of the Manifest Imam (Imam e Zaahir) 21st Fatimid Imam Abul Qaasim at-Taiyeb in Yemen organizing Da'wah activities after the seclusion of Imam in 528 AH from Cairo
  5. ^ Shaheed Aazam, 29th Alavi Da'i (2014-08-25). "Saiyedna Ali". 
  6. ^ Haatim, Zakiyuddin (2017-02-14). "Saiyedna". Team Alavi. 
  7. ^ Mutlaqeen, Succession in Vadodara (2015-12-10). "Du'aat Missionaries". 
  8. ^ Oath, Allegiance (2015-06-07). "Misaaq". 
  9. ^ Mukaasir's responsibility is to study Beliefs and Tenets of other communities and sects and explain the realities and facts about the True Faith
  10. ^ Mazoon is the High Spiritual Status after Da'i. He sits in the right side of Da'i during assemblies or Majaalis. He takes Oath of Allegiance from the Faithfuls.
  11. ^ Ra's ul Hudood is the Head of all 24 High Serving people sitting in the first row of Da'wah Assemblies. He conveys commands of his Higher-ups i.e. Da'i, Mazoon and Mukaasir to the Ashaab of other services
  12. ^ It is the holy and respected place where every faithful comes to meet Da'i for religious purposes and for personal issues. It is the Official Residence of a Da'i.
  13. ^ Hand-written books of old ages called as Manuscripts
  14. ^ A doctrinal term of Shi'i Isma'ili Faith denoting the Obedience and Submission to the Rightful person, be it vicegerent-wasi of Prophet, Imam in the progeny of wasi or Da'i in the place of Imam during his seclusion
  15. ^ The spiritual authority from the progeny of Wasi who is present all the time for the guidance of people
  16. ^ He is the Supreme Authority as a Da'i ul Mutlaq of Alavi Bohras during the seclusion of 21st Fatemi Imam Maulaana Abul Qasim at-Taiyeb
  17. ^ Actions, Sayings and Traditions of Mohammad al-Mustafaa, the last Prophet of Islam described in various pieces of Islamic Literature
  18. ^ Supplications, Wise Sayings and Traditions of Maulaana Ali al-Murtazaa, the Vicegerent of Mohammad
  19. ^ Quotes, Events, Miraculous Descriptions, Sayings, Esoteric Meanings explained by the Imam or Da'i, from the progeny of Mohammad
  20. ^ Books based on beliefs, customs, traditions, jurisprudence, justice, dialogue, history etc
  21. ^ Bay'at-Pact of Promise taken from a reader that he will read, understand, copy and convey the text written by the author with its true spirit and pure meaning and will only study this book by the authority appointed by Imam or Da'i
  22. ^ The Spiritual Seat, Divine Mission and Heavenly Call of Da'i of Alavi Bohras linked to the first Prophet of Islam and the First Creation of Allaah
  23. ^ The three Jazirah-Islands controlled by Da'i al-Mutlaq after the Satr-concealment of the Imam of Progeny of Mohammad Rasoolullaah, the last messenger of Islam
  24. ^ Death Anniversary and social gathering or Majlis to commemorate the life and works of a high esteemed person in Da'wah Hierarchy
  25. ^ Da'i or missionary in India following the command of Manifest Fatimid Imam (Imaam e Zaahir) of Cairo acting as bridge between Imam and his faithful subjects
  26. ^ A private or public gathering of Alavi Bohras in presence of Saiyedna saheb where Ash'aar e Husainiyah, Marsiyah, Lecture and Rusoomaat e Da'wah are performed
  27. ^ The year of the Attack of the army with While Elephants on Makkah which was led by Yemeni Commander Abrahah who came to destroy Ka'bah
  28. ^ The Imam of the time from the progeny of Mohammad who is present on the back of this earth at all times appointed by his father through Nass
  29. ^ It is the supreme authoritative position during Fatimid Caliphate where he enjoyed the status of Chief Missionary and Chief Justice under the direct commands of an Imam
  30. ^ A unit of prayer-namaaz which consists of standing, one time bowing and two times prostrating
  31. ^ The wife of the Da'i who presides every assembly or majlis meant for only ladies in houses or in masjids and she takes care of their complains and daily affairs
  32. ^ It is Naafelat (Voluntary) prayer offered after Maghrib and 'Ishaa il-Aakherat Namaaz. It has multiple Rak'aat and one who prays it is supposed to have prayed for the whole night. Technically, during such meritorious nights, a faithful must pray for the whole night, but this designated Naafelat prayer amounts to the Reward of the prayer of Whole Night.
  33. ^ The Taiyebi spiritualmission led by the 1st Da'i Saiyedna Zo'eb in Yemen under the hidden guidance of Imam us Satr, the Imam under Occultation 21st Imam at-Taiyeb and his progeny.
  34. ^ Alavi, Bohras (2003-02-14). "Minority". 
  35. ^ Centre, Da'wat e Haadiyah (2007-07-23). "Vadodara". 
  36. ^ Asbaaqmeans the religious assemblies and private gathering in which Authorities impart knowledge on faith and practices among trustworthy subjects
  37. ^ Literature, Faatemi Imaam (2007-03-13). "Isma'ili". Team Alavi. 
  38. ^ Lisaan e Da'wat, Arabicized Gujarati Language (15 Nov 2011). "Lisaan al-Da'wah al-'Alaviyah". 

References[edit]

  • Daftary, Farhad. Isma'ili Literature: A Bibliography of Sources and Studies. London, 2004.
  • Daftary, Farhad. The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge University Press, New York, 2007.
  • The succession of the Fatimd Imam al-Amir; by: S M Stern.
  • Sayyida Hurra: The Isma‘ili Sulayhid Queen of Yemen by Dr Farhad Daftary
  • Da’aaim ul-Islaam wa zikr ul-Halaal wal Haraam wal Qazaaya wal Ahkaam: Saiyedna Qazi No’maan during the time of 14th Faatemi Imaam al-Mo’iz (d. 365 AH/976 AD)
  • Ithbaat ul-Imaamah: Saiyedna Ahmad bin Mohammad an-Nisaaburi during the time of 15th Faatemi Imaam al-‘Azeez (d. 386 AH/996 AD)
  • Tanbeeh ul-Haadi wal Mustahdi: Saiyedna Ahmad Hameeduddin al-Kirmaani during the time of 16th Faatemi Imaam al-Haakim (d. 411 AH/1021 AD)
  • al-Majaalis ul-Mo’ayyadiyah: Saiyedna Hebatullaah Mo’ayyad ash-Shiraazi during the time of 18th Faatemi Imaam al-Mustansir (d. 487 AH/1094 AD)
  • Tohfat ul-Quloob wa Farjat ul-Makroob: 3rd Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Haatim Mohiyuddin (d. 596 AH/1199 AD)
  • Taaj ul-‘Aqaa’id wa Ma’dan ul-Fawaa’id: 5th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali bin Mohammad al-Waleed (d. 612 AH/1215 AD)
  • Risaalat ul-Mabda’ wal Ma’aad: 8th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Husain bin Saiyedna Ali bin Mohammad al-Waleed (d. 667 AH/1269 AD)
  • ‘Uyoon ul-Akhbaar wa Funoon ul-Aathaar: 19th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Idrees ‘Imaaduddin (d. 872 AH/1468 AD)
  • Risaalat ul-Ishaarah wal Bashaarah: 20th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan Badruddin (d. 918 AH/1512 AD)
  • al-Azhaar: Saiyedi Hasan bin Nuh al-Bharuchi during the time of 20th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Hasan Badruddin (d. 918 AH/1512 AD)
  • Sittah Rasaa’il: Saiyedi Khawj bin Malak during the time of 27th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah (d. 1021 AH/1612 AD)
  • ar-Risaalat ul-Mozayyanah: Saiyedi Hasan Khan bin Ali Khan bin Taaj during the time of 27th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah (d. 1021 AH/1612 AD)
  • ar-Risaalat ul-Mohbarat il-Munshe’ah: Saiyedi Hasan Khan bin Ali Khan bin Taaj during the time of 27th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Dawoodji Burhaanuddin bin Qutubshah (d. 1021 AH/1612 AD)
  • ar-Risaalah fi Ahwaal-e-Ta’leem-e-Saiyedna Ali Shamsuddin ‘inda Saiyedna Shaikh Aadam Safiyuddin: Written by a pupil during the time of 28th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna S Aadam Safiyuddin (d. 1030 AH/1621 AD)
  • ar-Risaalat us-Sagheerat ul-Jadeedah fi Ithbaat in-Nass ‘alaa Saiyedna Ali Shamsuddin: 29th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Ali Shamsuddin (d. 1046 AH/1637 AD) send to the people of Nadiad.
  • Diwaan-e-Hasan: 31st Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Badruddin Hasan bin Wali, the last missionary (da’i) of Ahmedabad (d. 1090 AH/1679 AD)
  • Saheefah Nooraaniyah: 35th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Nuruddin Noorbhai bin Shaikhali, the only missionary (da’i) of Surat (d. 1178 AH/1765 AD)
  • Diwaan-e-Shams: 37th Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Shaikhali Shamsuddin bin Saiyedna Hameeduddin (d. 1248 AH/1833 AD)
  • Diwaan-e-Haseen: 41st Da’i-e-Mutlaq Saiyedna Jivabhai Fakhruddin bin Saiyedna Ameenuddin (d. 1347 AH/1929 AD)
  • Qaraatees ud-Du’aat il-‘Alaviyeen: Historic and Doctrinal documents written by number of Alavi Du’aat since the seat of Da’wat was transferred to Vadodara
  • Diwaan-e-Nagoshiya: Written by one of the aalim (learned man) of Nagoshiya sect which was wiped out during the 41st Da’i-e-Mutlaq
  • Risaalah Pali Meedu: Written by one of the Dawoodi aalim Shaikh Aadam Safiyuddin (1170 AH/1757 AD)

External links[edit]