Alay Valley

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Alay Valley
Alai Valley 1.jpg
A view of Alay Valley, Trans-Alay Range, and Kyzyl-Suu (West) River
State/ProvinceOsh Province

The Alay Valley (Kyrgyz: Алай өрөөнү) is a broad, dry valley running east-west across most of southern Osh Province, Kyrgyzstan. (From the Russian spelling, pronunciation should probably be 'alai' rather than 'alay'). It is about 180 km east-west and about 40 km north-south and 2500-3500m in altitude. The north side is the Alay Mountains which slope down to the Ferghana Valley. The south side is the Trans-Alay Range along the Tajikistan border, with Lenin Peak, (7134m). The western 40 km or so is more hills than valley. On the east there is the low Tongmurun pass and then more valley leading to the Irkestam border crossing to China.

The eastern Kyzyl-Suu ('Red River') flows from the Tongmurun rise past Irkestam toward Kashgar. The western Kyzyl-Suu flows west from the Tongmurun rise and drains most of the valley, flowing on the north side. It exits through the Karamyk pass and a gorge into Tajikistan, where, under the name of the Vakhsh River it flows southwest into the Amu Darya. Highway A371 runs along the valley. The western pass to Tajikistan is closed to foreigners, but the eastern pass to China is open. A371 intersects the M41 highway north to Osh at Sary-Tash. To the south, M41 (Pamir Highway) becomes very rough and leads to the 4,280m Kyzyl-Art pass to Murgab in Tajikistan, a route that requires considerable preparation and paperwork.

The valley has a population of approximately 17,000 and is almost entirely Kyrgyz with a few pockets of Tajik population.[1] One traveler says "with no jobs, a harsh winter climate, and poor conditions for agriculture, life is immensely tough here, and most of the adult male population have left to seek work elsewhere."[2]

Places in or near the valley : Irkestam, Nura, Sary-Tash, Achiktash, Lenin Peak, Sary-Mogol, Kashka-Suu, Bordobo, Karakavak, Kyzyleshme, Daroot-Korgon, Chak, Dzharbashy, Karamyk, Achyk-Suu.

See also[edit]

Pamir mountains from space
Right: Tarim Basin
Upper Left: Ferghana Valley
The Alay Valley is just visible as a white line running west from the west end of the Tarim Basin
(double click) The Alay valley is between 72 and 74E at 39.5 north

The Alai Valley in Pakistan is east of Besham. The population is mostly Pathan and lived under their own nawab until the late 1970s.


  1. ^ "Alay Valley". Eurasia Travel. Retrieved 19 June 2015.
  2. ^ Laurence Mitchell, Kyrgyzstan, Bradt Travel Guides, 2008

Coordinates: 39°40′N 72°58′E / 39.667°N 72.967°E / 39.667; 72.967