Albania–Croatia relations

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Albania-Croatia relations
Map indicating locations of Albania and Croatia

Albania

Croatia

Albania–Croatia relations refer to the bilateral relationship between Albania and Croatia. Diplomatic relations among two countries were established on August 25, 1992. Albania has an embassy in Zagreb and a honorary consulate in Dubrovnik while Croatia has an embassy in Tirana.

Both countries are full members of the Council of Europe, Union for the Mediterranean and NATO. In addition, Albania is an official candidate for accession to the European Union of which Croatia is a full member. Croatia strongly supports Albania in its euro-integration path.[1]

Albania became one of the first countries to announce the recognition of the sovereign state of Croatia in January 21, 1992.[2] Many ethnic-Albanian volunteers fought alongside Croats in Croatian War of Independence, the most notably including Agim Çeku and Rahim Ademi.

Albanians in Croatia are officially recognized as a minority by the Croatian Constitution and therefore have their own permanent seat in the Croatian Parliament. According to the 2011 census, 17,513 people of Albanian descent were living in Croatia.

Political[edit]

Flags of Albania and Croatia in Zagreb during a state visit by Bujar Nishani in May 9, 2016.
From left to right: Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović, Aleksandër Sallabanda, Jaap De Hoop Scheffer with US President George W. Bush who signs the protocols in support of Albanian and Croatian accession to the NATO, 2008

In April 2009, both countries became full members of NATO at an event which both Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha and Croatian Prime Minister Ivo Sanader attended.[3][4] In the same year, the two countries decided to build a joint Nuclear Power Plant on the Albanian border with Montenegro.[5] This decision was greeted warily by the government of Montenegro, which is worried about the plant's environmental impact. The two have a history of defense pacts, and overall theirs is a good relationship.[6]

The Albanian flag was held and flown in the 20th anniversary of Operation Storm also known as Victory Day of Croatia, to acknowledge the support of Albanians in the Croatian War for Independence. Croatia reaffirmed Albania of its close alliance through this action.

Another major factor in the relationship is historic and current Albanian emigration to Croatia, including the centuries-old Arbanasi community. On July 2016 an Albanian middle-school was inaugurated in Zadar for the Arbanasi people living there and books in Albanian were delivered from the Albanian Embassy in Zagreb. [7] More than 50 pupils started their studies in the Albanian school for the school year 2016-2017.[8] [9]

Three Albanian presidents (Rexhep Meidani, Alfred Moisiu and Bamir Topi) were awarded the highest honor of the Republic of Croatia, Grand Order of King Tomislav.

Economy[edit]

Albania and Croatia have discussed the possibility of jointly building a nuclear power plant at Lake Shkoder, close to the border with Montenegro, a plan that has gathered criticism from Montenegro due to seismicity in the area.[10]

A close economical cooperation of Albania and Croatia is existent. In 2014, the trading volume was about was 46.330 million euros. An increasing number of Croatian companies are investing in Albania. In 2013, 13.870 million euros of direct investment came from Croatia to Albania. In addition, major Albanian companies are expanding to Croatia.[11]

Visits[edit]

Guest Host Place of visit Date of visit
Albania President Bujar Nishani Croatia Government of Croatia Celebration on the occasion of the entry of Croatia into the EU Zagreb July 1, 2013[12]
Albania President Bujar Nishani Croatia President Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović Zagreb May 9, 2016[13]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Meta-Mesic: Croatia supports Albania in EU integration". ata.gov.al. 16 June 2014.
  2. ^ Date of Recognition and Establishment of Diplomatic Relations Archived 2012-05-17 at the Wayback Machine, Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs of Croatia
  3. ^ Koci, Jonilda (8 April 2009). "Albanian, Croatian flags raised at NATO headquarters". Southeast European Times. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  4. ^ "NATO welcomes Albania and Croatia at the Summit". Abkhazia Institute. Archived from the original on 2009-04-09. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  5. ^ "Albania and Croatia to put Nuclear Plant on Montenegro's border". Macedonian International News Agency (MINA). Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  6. ^ "Macedonia, Albania, Croatia to deepen defense cooperation". Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2009-04-18.
  7. ^ http://fax.al/read/news/4612710/12205699/ne-kroaci-hapet-shkolla-e-pare-e-larte-ne-gjuhen-shqipe
  8. ^ http://fax.al/read/news/4612710/12207771/zyrtarizohet-mesimi-ne-gjuhen-shqipe-ne-zare-te-kroacise
  9. ^ http://www.ambasadat.gov.al/croatia/en/croatian-and-albanian-media-inauguration-albanian-language-teaching-gymnasium-zadar
  10. ^ "Albania, Croatia plan nuclear power plant". Balkaninsight.com. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 27 August 2010.
  11. ^ "Bilateral Relations". ambasadat.gov.al.
  12. ^ "Presidenti i Republikës Bujar Nishani merr pjesё nё festimet e organizuara me rastin e hyrjes sё Kroacisё nё Bashkimin Evropian". president.al (in Albanian).
  13. ^ "Presidenti Nishani mikpritet nga Presidentja e Republikës së Kroacisë, Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović". president.al (in Albanian).